On this page... (hide)
The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing languages such as Arabic, Persian, Urdu, and others.
The alphabet was first used to write texts in Arabic -- most importantly, the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam. With the spread of Islam, it came to be used to write many other languages, even outside of the Semitic family to which Arabic belongs. Examples of non-Semitic languages written with the Arabic alphabet include Persian, Urdu, Malay, Azerbaijani (in Iran) and Kurdish in Iraq and Iran. In order to accommodate the needs of these other languages, new letters and other symbols were added to the original alphabet. (See Arabic alphabets of other languages below.)
For learning, entering, and processing of Arabic script transliteration is used. In transliteration an Arabic letter is replaced with a Latin letter or other symbol. For instance the Verbix Arabic verb on-line conjugator requires the use of the Buckwalter transliteration for entering Arabic verbs.