The earliest Hebrew script was derived from a Phoenician script. The modern Hebrew script was developed from a script known as Proto-Hebrew/Early Aramaic Script. The earliest known writing in Hebrew dates from the 11th century BC.
- Written from right to left in horizontal lines.
- Some letters (kaf, mem, nun, fe and tzadi) have a final form (sofit), which is used when they appear at the end of a word.
- There are no separate numerals in Hebrew, instead standard western numerals (1, 2, 3, etc) are used.
- Long vowels can be indicated by the letters alef, vav, and yod.
- Short vowels are not usually marked, except in the Bible, poetry and books for children and foreign learners.