Languages

Ainu

Fact corner

  • Language: Ainu
  • Alternate names: アイヌ イタㇰ, aynu itak, アイヌ語 [ainu-go], Аину Итак
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:ain
  • Language family: Isolate
  • Number of speakers: 15 (1996), now extinct
  • Script: -

Introduction

Ainu is spoken by a couple of people of the Ainu ethnic group on the northern Japanese island of Hokkaidō. The last speaker of Sakhalin dialect died in 1994. There were at least 19 dialects.

The verb

Sample verb: イタㇰ(itak)

Formal

sg.1  itak-an  イタㇰ=アン 
sg.2  e-itak  エ=イタㇰ
sg.3  itak  イタㇰ 
pl.1  itak-an  イタㇰ=アン 
pl.2  eci-itak  エチ=イタㇰ 
pl.3  itak-pa  イタㇰ=パ 

Informal

sg.1  ku-itak  ク=イタㇰ     
sg.2  e-itak  エ=イタㇰ     
sg.2 honorific  itak-an  イタㇰ=アン     
sg.3  itak  イタㇰ     
sg.3 honorific  itak-pa  イタㇰ=パ     
pl.1 exclusive  itak-pa-as  イタㇰ=パ=アㇱ     
pl.1 inclusive  itak-pa-an  イタㇰ=パ=アン     
pl.2  eci-itak-pa  エチ=イタㇰ=パ      
pl.2 honorific  itak-pa-an  イタㇰ=パ=アン     
pl.3  itak-pa  イタㇰ=パ     
pl.3 honorific  itak-pa-pa  イタㇰ=パ=パ     

References

  • Ainu-Grammatik. Otto Harrassowitz. Wiesbaden. 1989.
Categories: Isolate? | extinct | Language

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