Languages

Amis

Fact corner

Introduction

Amis is a language of Taiwan. It is spoken in Between Hualien and Taitung, valley plains and east coast by the sea. .

Dialects

Central Amis (Haian Ami, Hsiukulan Ami), Chengkung-Kwangshan, Northern Amis (Nanshi Amis), Southern Amis (Hengch’un Amis, Peinan, Taitung), Tavalong-Vataan (Kuangfu, Kwangfu). Chengkung-Kwangshan dialect is most similar to Central Amis dialect.

The Amis Verb

Sample Verbs

to bitemikalat, mi-kalat, mi-karat
to blowjof, miʔiup, miʔiyuf, mi-iuf
to breathemahanhan, mihuɬyak, saslaʕan
to burnmaʔiluh, matuɬuh, tofdoh
to buyma-ʕaca, micakay, miʔacaʔ
to chewkemkem, miʔicay, mikəmkəm, papap
to choosemipilə, mipiliʡ, mi-simsim
to climbma-caka, mi-kali, mikayakay, mikucakuc
to comepuhay, tayni, tayniʔan
to cookmicacak, mitaŋtaŋ, mi-taŋtaŋ
to countmiʡusiʔ, misaʡosiʔ, mi-saʔosi
to cryʔmaŋic, t<um>aŋic
to cut, hackcikcik, mitaʔtaʡ, mivkaʡ
to die, be deadmapatay
to digkarkarən, kurkur, mi-karkar, mikulkul
to dreamcisintiʔeʡ, ma-lemeL, nitiʔih
to drinkhelot, minanum, mi-nanum
to eatk<um>aʔen, kaqen, kumaʔən, mikaʔən
to fallma-funor, matapiway, ma-terak, matəvaɬ
to fearliŋsɨs, matalaw, ma-talaw
to flowlumakat, ma-katay, mamanaʔay
to flymaʔəvər, mafer, miʔfər
to growma-leŋaw, matuʡas, taʔaŋay
to hearmitəŋil, mitəŋir, mi-teŋir
to hidesimeL
to hitmi-palo, mipəkpək, mistiʡ, mi-stiʔ, palu, setiq
to holdmamet, mikakuy, mitatuy
to huntmiʡaɬup, miʡaθup, mi-ʔaloʔ, mi-tilu
to killmipatay, tapaʔ
to know, be knowledgeablemafanaʡ, ma-fanaʔ, ma-fanaq, mavanaʡ
to laughma-tawa, matawaʔ, mi-ceriq
to lie downtihmuk, tiqenang
to live, be alivemaʡoripay, maroʔ, namal
to open, uncovermi-cakay, mifuhat, mivawah
to plantmipalumaʔ, paluma'
to pound, beatmativək, mi-talik, mitifək
to saycaciaw, cinglaw, misual, s<um>uwal, saan, s-um-ual
to scratchkuskus, mikuskus, mi-kuskus
to seema-araw, maʡaraw, ma-neŋneŋ, mi-araw, mi-neŋneŋ
to sewmi-taʔis, mitapiɬ, mitapiθ, mi-tapir
to shootmipanaʡ, panaʔ
to sitaloʕ, maroʡ, maruʡ, maruq
to sleepfutiq, mafuteʡ, ma-futiʕ, mavutiʡ
to sniff, smellhanek, mahanək, misanək, sanek
to spitmi-supa, misupaʡ, ngalay
to splitmaplaʔ, mi-pelaʔ, mipklaʡ
to squeezemicɨkcɨk, mi-hatec, mihətəc
to stab, piercecucuk, i-cucuk, micucuk, mikutaŋ
to standʔmirəŋ, t<um>ireŋ, t-um-ireng, tumirəŋ
to stealmitakaw
to suckcuhcuh, mihəɬut, mihəlip
to swellma-lifawa, malifawaʔ, malivawaʔ
to swimLanguy, miɬaŋuy, mi-Laŋuy, miraŋuy
to thinkmihalatəŋ, mi-harateŋ, mirihatəŋ
to throwfalah, mi-falah, mipulitiʔ, mivəŋəs, tekur
to tie up, fastenfaluL-en, ma-suqut, miluʡəc, miLuLuŋ, soʔot
to turnma-liwuŋ, miliyun, misiur
to walkʔmakat, lumakat, l-um-akat, r-um-akat
to vomitʔmutaʡ, maʔutaʡ, ma-utaʕ, m-utaq
to workmatayal, ma-tayal, maumah
to yawnmasuaf, masuwaf, ma-suwaf

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