Languages

Aramaic, Ancient

Fact corner

Introduction

Ancient Aramaic refers to the earliest known period of the Aramaic language, from its origin until it becomes the official ‘lingua franca’ of the Fertile Crescent. It was the language of the Aramaean city-states of Damascus, Hamath and Arpad.

The verb

Sample verb: qtl

Perfect

3 m sgl  qtl 
3 f sgl  qtlt 
2 m sgl  qtlt 
2 f sgl 
1 sgl  qtlt 
3 m pl  qtlw 
3 f pl 
2 m pl  qtltm 
2 f pl 
1 pl  qtln 

Long Imperfect

3 m sgl  yqtl 
3 f sgl  tqtl 
2 m sgl  tqtl 
2 f sgl 
1 sgl  ʾqtl 
3 m pl  yqtln 
3 f pl  yqtln 
2 m pl  tqtln 
2 f pl 
1 pl 

Short Imperfect

3 m sgl  yqtl 
3 f sgl  tqtl 
2 m sgl  tqtl 
2 f sgl 
1 sgl  ʾqtl 
3 m pl  yqtlw 
3 f pl  yqtln 
2 m pl  tqtlw 
2 f pl 
1 pl 

Imperative

2 m sgl  qtl 
2 f sgl 
2 m pl  qtlw 
2 f pl 

References

  • Degen, Rainer. Altaramäische Grammatik. Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes. Deutsche morgenländische Gesellschaft. Wiesbaden. 1969.

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