Some claim to be monolingual in Breton. 18,000 speakers are children under 14 years; 56,250 between 15 and 24; 423,000 between 25 and 64; 168,000 over 65 (1974). No official status. Strong nationalistic movement demanding recognition, a place in the schools, media, and public life. VSO; prepositions; genitives, adjectives, relatives after noun heads; articles, numerals before noun heads; question word initial; probably 2 prefixes, 2 or 3 suffixes on a word; topic or focus first, verb second; verb affixes mark person, number of subject; passives; causatives and comparatives shown lexically; up to 3 consonants syllable initially, and 3 finally, one vowel; nontonal. Literacy rate in first language: 25% can read and write Breton. Radio programs, TV. Bible 1866-1985.
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- Hemon, Roparz. A Historical Morphology and Syntax od Breton. Mediaeval and modern Breton Series. The Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies. .
- Press, Ian. A Grammar of Modern Breton. Mouton Grammar Library. Mouton de Gruyter. Amsterdam. .