Languages

Chinese, Mandarin

(redirected from Languages.Chinese)

Fact corner

  • Language: Chinese, Mandarin
  • Alternate names: Mandarin, Guanhua, Beifang Fangyan, Northern Chinese, Guoyu, Standard Chinese, Putonghua, Hanyu
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:cmn
  • Language family: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese
  • Number of speakers: 873,014,298
  • Script: Chinese script

Introduction

Standard Mandarin, also known as Standard Chinese, Modern Standard Chinese or Standard spoken Chinese, is the official modern Chinese spoken language used by the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), and Singapore.

The phonology of Standard Mandarin is based on the Beijing dialect, which in turn belongs to Mandarin, a large and diverse group of Chinese dialects spoken across northern and southwestern China. The vocabulary is largely drawn from this group of dialects. The grammar of Standard Mandarin is standardized to the body of modern literary works written in Vernacular Chinese, which in practice follows the same tradition of the Mandarin group of dialects with some notable exceptions. As a result, Standard Mandarin itself is usually just called "Mandarin" in non-academic, everyday usage. However, linguists use "Mandarin" to refer to the entire group of dialects.

The verb

  • Chinese is an uninflected language. It means that Chinese verbs have no conjugation.
  • Chinese verbs do not indicate tense. Whether they are used in the past, present or future, the form of the verb remains the same.
  • Chinese verbs do not indicate person or number. Whether the subject is in first, second or third person, singular or plural, the form of the verb remains the same.

Aspects

Aspect markers

Perfective了(le)
Perfective过(guo)
Imperfective正在 (zhèng zài)
Imperfective著(zhe)

Mood

Inceptive了(le)
Pending呢(ne)

Sample verb: 挂

Perfective挂了
Perfective挂过
Imperfective正在挂
Imperfective挂著
Inceptive挂了
Pending挂呢

Sample verbs

Click verbs to conjugate them in the table above!
to be a soldier, to hang

Check the list of 1700+ Chinese verbs too!

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