Languages

Esperanto

Fact corner

Introduction

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language. The name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof first published the Unua Libro in 1887. The word itself means 'one who hopes'. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

The verb

All verbs are regular. Three tenses together form what is called the indicative mood. The other moods are the infinitive, conditional, and jussive. Verbs do not change form according to their subject. I am, we are, and he is are simply mi estas, ni estas, and li estas, respectively.

Conjugation of the Esperanto verb: esperi

Conjugate:
Sample verbs: esti, esperi
Indicative Active participle Passive participle Infinitive Jussive Conditional
Past esperis esperinta esperita esperi esperu esperus
Present esperas esperanta esperata
Future esperos esperonta esperota

Check the list of 4000+ Esperanto verbs too!

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