Languages

Frisian, Saterlandic

(redirected from Languages.Seeltersk)

Fact corner

  • Language: Frisian, Saterlandic
  • Alternate names: Saterfriesisch, Saterlandic Frisian, Saterländisch, Seeltersk
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:stq
  • Language family: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Frisian
  • Number of speakers: 5,000
  • Script: -

Introduction

Sater Frisian is the last remaining living remnant of Old East Frisian, which is spoken in the Saterland area in the former State of Oldenburg, to the south of East Frisia proper.

Saterland, which is believed to have been colonised by Frisians from East Frisia in the eleventh century, was for a long time surrounded by impassable moors. This, together with the fact that Sater Frisian always had a status superior to Low German among the inhabitants of the area, accounts for the preservation of the language throughout the centuries.

The verb

The Saterlandic Frisian verb has:

  • 2 grammatical moods: indicative and imperative;
  • 2 simple tenses: present and past;
  • 2 compound tenses: Present perfect and Future;
  • 2 grammatical numbers: singular and plural;
  • 3 grammatical persons: first person, second person, and third person.

Sample verb weesen 'to be'

INDICATIVE IMPERATIVE
Present Past Perfect Future
Sg.1 bän waas bän weesen wol weese -
Sg.2 bäst wierst bäst weesen wolt weese wääs
Sg.3 is waar is weesen wol weese -
Plural sunt wieren sunt weesen wollen weese weeset

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