Languages

Galician

Fact corner

Introduction

Galician is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of "historic nationality," located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León.

Galician and Portuguese were, in medieval times, a single language which linguists call Galician-Portuguese, Medieval Galician, or Old Portuguese, spoken in the territories initially ruled by the medieval Kingdom of Galicia. Both languages are even today united by a dialect continuum located mainly in the northern regions of Portugal.

The verb

  • There are 4 moods in Galician: indicative, conditional, imperative, and subjunctive.
  • There are 3 regular conjugations (verbs ending in -ar, -er, and -ir) and an irregular conjugation in Galician.
  • There are no compound forms in Galician. Unlike most Romance languages, pluperfect is constructed without an auxiliary verb.
  • There's an inflected infinitive, like in Portuguese.

Sample verb: amar

  • Infinitive: amar
  • Gerund: amando
  • Past participle: amado
Indicative Conditional Imperative Subjunctive Inflected infinitive
Present Past Preterite Pluperfect Future Present Past Future
Sg.1 amo amaba amei amara amarei amaría - ame amase amar amar
Sg.2 amas amabas amaches amaras amarás amarías ama! ames amases amares amares
Sg.3 ama amaba amou amara amará amaría - ame amase amar amar
Pl.1 amamos amabamos amamos amaramos amaremos amariamos - amemos amasemos amarmos amarmos
Pl.2 amades amabades amastes amarades amaredes amariades amade! amedes amasedes amardes amardes
Pl.3 aman amaban amaron amaran amarán amarían - amen amasen amaren amaren

Click verbs to conjugate them in the table above!
andar, amar, cantar, intentar.

Alternate forms

Verbs ending in -er and -ir show alternate forms in indicative preterite, 2nd and 3rd person singular.

Verb2nd person3rd person
collercolleche(s) / colliche(s) / colleste(s) / colliste(s)colleu / colliu
partirpartichespartiu / parteu

The following isogloss maps show the distribution of the alternate forms in Galician speaking areas.

Forms like 'colliste(s)' show influence of Spanish.

External links

References

Verb Wiki

Verbix Website

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