Languages

Galician

Fact corner

Introduction

Galician is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of "historic nationality," located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León.

Galician and Portuguese were, in medieval times, a single language which linguists call Galician-Portuguese, Medieval Galician, or Old Portuguese, spoken in the territories initially ruled by the medieval Kingdom of Galicia. Both languages are even today united by a dialect continuum located mainly in the northern regions of Portugal.

The verb

  • There are 4 moods in Galician: indicative, conditional, imperative, and subjunctive.
  • There are 3 regular conjugations (verbs ending in -ar, -er, and -ir) and an irregular conjugation in Galician.
  • There are no compound forms in Galician. Unlike most Romance languages, pluperfect is constructed without an auxiliary verb.
  • There's an inflected infinitive, like in Portuguese.

Sample verb: intentar

  • Infinitive: intentar
  • Gerund: intentando
  • Past participle: intentado
Indicative Conditional Imperative Subjunctive Inflected infinitive
Present Past Preterite Pluperfect Future Present Past Future
Sg.1 intento intentaba intentei intentara intentarei intentaría - intente intentase intentar intentar
Sg.2 intentas intentabas intentaches intentaras intentarás intentarías intenta! intentes intentases intentares intentares
Sg.3 intenta intentaba intentou intentara intentará intentaría - intente intentase intentar intentar
Pl.1 intentamos intentabamos intentamos intentaramos intentaremos intentariamos - intentemos intentasemos intentarmos intentarmos
Pl.2 intentades intentabades intentastes intentarades intentaredes intentariades intentade! intentedes intentasedes intentardes intentardes
Pl.3 intentan intentaban intentaron intentaran intentarán intentarían - intenten intentasen intentaren intentaren

Click verbs to conjugate them in the table above!
andar, amar, cantar, intentar.

Alternate forms

Verbs ending in -er and -ir show alternate forms in indicative preterite, 2nd and 3rd person singular.

Verb2nd person3rd person
collercolleche(s) / colliche(s) / colleste(s) / colliste(s)colleu / colliu
partirpartichespartiu / parteu

The following isogloss maps show the distribution of the alternate forms in Galician speaking areas.

Forms like 'colliste(s)' show influence of Spanish.

External links

References

Verb Wiki

Verbix Website

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