The language spoken in Gascony before Roman rule was part of the Basque dialectal continuum (see Aquitanian language); the fact that the word 'Gascon' comes from the Latin root vasco/vasconem, which is the same root that gives us 'Basque,' implies that the speakers identified themselves at some moment as Basque. There is a proven Basque substrate in the development of Gascon. This explains some of the major differences that exist between Gascon and other Occitan languages.
Gascon verbs are divided in regular and irregular verbs. The vast majority of the verbs are regular. Just like in Occitan, all the verbs are also divided in conjugation groups according to the ending in the infinitive.
- Infinitive: ayma
- Present participle: aymant
- Past participle: aymat
|Sg.1||aymi||aymabi||aymouy / aymey||aymerey||aymey||aymoussey||aymeri||-|
|Sg.2||aymes||aymabes||aymous / aymas||aymeras||aymes||aymousses||aymeres||aymo|
|Sg.3||ayme||aymabe||aymou / ayma||aymera||ayme||aymousse||aymeré||-|
|Pl.1||aymen||aymabem||aymoum / aymem||aymeram||aymem||aymoussem||aymerem||-|
|Pl.2||aymets||aymabets||aymoutz / aymets||aymerats||aymets||aymoussets||aymerets||aymas|
|Pl.3||aymen||aymaben||aymoun / aymen||aymeran||aymen||aymoussen||aymeren||-|
Click verbs to conjugate them in the table above!
- Roques, Gabriel. Grammaire Gasconne. Marseille. 1977.