Languages

German

Fact corner

Introduction

German Language Periods

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  • Old High German is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 500 to 1050 CE.
  • Middle High German is the term used for the period in the history of the German language between 1050 and 1350.
  • Modern German is the language spoken today.

The German language is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. German is closely related to and classified alongside English and Dutch. Around the world, German is spoken by ~100 million native speakers and also ~30 million non-native speakers, and Standard German is widely taught in schools and universities in Europe.

The verb

Standard German verbs inflect into:

  • one of two conjugation classes, weak and strong (like English).
  • three persons: 1st, 2nd, 3rd.
  • two numbers: singular and plural
  • three moods: Indicative, Subjunctive, Imperative
  • two genera verbus: active and passive; the passive being composed and dividable into static and dynamic.
  • two non-composed tenses (Present, Preterite) and four composed tenses (Perfect, Pluperfect, Future I, Future II)

Spelling Reform

The German Spelling Reform in 1999 had the following impact on the verbs:

  • Many verbs formerly compound are now separate
  • 'ß' is replaced by 'ss' after short vowels.
Traditional GermanRevised German
kennenlernenkennen lernen
schwerfallenschwer fallen
ich esse, du ißt, er/sie/es ißtich esse, du isst, er/sie/es isst
ich aß, du aßest, er/sie/es aßich aß, du aßest, er/sie/es aß

Verbix German verb conjugation supports both ways of spelling the verbs.

References

External References

Verb Wiki

Verbix Website

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