Languages

Hlai

Fact corner

  • Language: Hlai
  • Alternate names:: Bli, Dai, Day, Dli, Klai, La, Lai, Le, Li, Loi, Slai
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:lic
  • Language family: Tai-Kadai, Hlai
  • Number of speakers: 667,000
  • Script:

Introduction

Hlai is a language of China. It is spoken in Central and southern Hainan Province, Wanning, Tunchang, Danxiang, Chengmai, Baisha. .

Dialects

Bendi (Baisha-Yuanmen, Local Li, Zwn), Ha (Luohua-Hayan-Baoxian), Meifu (Moifau), Qi (Gei, Tongshi-Qiandui-Baocheng). Some dialects may be separate languages. Matisoff (1988) lists 8 varieties: Baoding, Xifang, Tongshi, Baisha, Qiandiu, Heitu, Yuanmen, and Baocheng. Luowo subdialect of Ha dialect is considered the standard. Lexical similarity: 27% with Gelao, 26% with Dong (See: Dong, Northern) and Qabiao (See: Qabiao), 25% with Lachi (See: Lachi?).

The Hlai Verb

Sample Verbs

to biteka:ȵ3
to blowou2
to buytshaȶ7
to chewte:k7
to chooseɬan1
to comeda:n3, pɯ:n1
to cookro:ŋ2
to cryŋai3
to cut, hackvo:n1
to die, be deadɬa:u2, hɯt7
to dighjut7, tshou1
to dreamfan1
to drinkhja:u1, o:k9, tshɯp7
to eatla2
to fallthok7
to fearda3
to flowma:u1
to flybeȵ1
to growloŋ1
to hearhi:ŋ1 zai1, pleɯ1
to hideŋau1
to hittha:i2
to holdtshi:u3
to huntgip7, tsa:u3
to killhau3, mi:k8
to know, be knowledgeablekhu:ŋ1, khu:ŋ1 gweɯ1
to laughra:u1
to live, be alivevi:p
to open, uncoverwa2
to plantgwa1
to sayri:n1
to seekiu1, la:i3, zu:i3
to sewȵop7
to shoottseɯ1
to sittsoŋ3
to sleepkau2, tso:n1
to sniff, smellha:i1
to spitphi2
to splitbu:n1
to standtsu:n1
to stealzok7
to swellun1
to thinkŋop7
to throwka:i3, to:p7
to tie up, fastenkho:n3
to walkfei1, hei1
to vomitfe:k7
to workvu:k7
to yawn
Categories: Tai-Kadai? | Hlai? | | Language

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