Languages

Romanian, Istro

Fact corner

Introduction

Istro-Romanian is an Eastern Romance language.

Istro-Romanian is today spoken in a few villages in the peninsula of Istria, on the northern part of the Adriatic Sea, in what is now Croatia. Formerly it was spoken in a substantially broader part of northeastern Istria. Dark grey shows the current situation, the light grey shows areas, where Istroromanian was formerly spoken.

The remaining speakers of Itsro-Romanian call themselves Vlahi (a name given to them by Slavs), Rumeni, Rumêri or Rumâri, as well as Ćići and Ćiribiri (this last being a nickname that was used disparagingly for the Istro-Romanian language, not its speakers).

Conjugations

ConjugationIIIIIIIV
Infinitivecl´amåramarébåtedurmí
  • Other verbs of I conjugation: stå, turnå, zucå
  • Other verbs of II conjugation: ve, tiré, be
  • Other verbs of III conjugation: årde, pl'erde, zacl'ide
  • Other verbs of IV conjugation: avzí, fi, cuperí

Other IV conjugation verbs formed with -éi and -úi: bivéi, movéi, piséi, frustikéi, carúi, radúi.

Verbs ending in -véi and -úi are iterative, whilst verbs ending -éi are either perfective or imperfective.

Nominal forms

ConjugationIIIIIIIV
Gerundrugándatirándatragándaavzínda copéinda

Personal forms

Present

ConjugationIIIIIIIV
1.sg.    
3.sg.    
1.pl.rugåntirénmézenavzín
2.pl.    
3.pl.rógutíruméguåvdu

Imperfect

ConjugationIIIIIIIV
1.sg.rugåiamcadéiamtrazéiamavzíiam
2.sg.rugåiaicadéiaitrazéiaiavzíiai
3.sg.rugåiacadéiatrazéiaavzíia
1.pl.rugåiancadéiantrazéianavzíian
2.pl.rugåiatcadéiattrazéiatavzíiat
3.pl.rugåiacadéiatrazéiaavzíia

Past Perfect

Past perfect is formed with the past participle and combined with auxiliary verb ve in present.

1.sg.rugåt-am
2.sg.tirút-ai
3.sg.tras-a
1.pl.avzít-am
2.pl.verít-at
3.pl.copéit-a(v)

Conjuctive present

is identical to the indicative present, but the conjunction se or neca preceeds it.

Conditional present

(res, rei, re, ren, ret, re) + rugå

Conditional perfect

(res, rei, re, ren, ret, re) + fost + rugå

Conditional future

ConjugationIIIIIIIV
1.sg.rugårtirúrtraséravzír copéir
2.sg.rugåritirúritrasériavzíri copéiri
3.sg.rugåretirúretraséreavzíre copéire
1.pl.rugårnotirúrnotrasérnoavzírno copéirno
2.pl.rugårettirúrettraséretavzíret copéiret
3.pl.rugårutirúrutraséruavzíru copéiru

Verb Wiki

Verbix Website

edit SideBar

Copyright Verbix 1995-2016