Languages

Javanese

Fact corner

Introduction

Javanese is a language of Indonesia. It is spoken in Central Java Province, east third of west Java island, southwest half of east Java, including Banyumas, Cilacap, and Purbalingga regencies. Resettlements in Papua, Sulawesi, Maluku, Kalimantan, and Sumatra. Also in Malaysia, Netherlands, Singapore, United States. .

Dialects

Banten, Banyumas, Cirebon (Cheribon, Tjirebon), Indramayu, Malang-Pasuruan, Manuk, Pasisir, Surabaya, Surakarta (Sawlaw, Solo), Tegal, Tembung. High Javanese (Jawa Halus) is the language of religion, but users diminishing and mostly limited to Central Javanese speakers. Javanese varieties in Suriname and in New Caledonia now only partially intelligible with difficulty. Javanese in New Caledonia reportedly cannot use High Javanese (Koentjaraninggrat 1971). Several dialects in Sabah.

The Javanese Verb

Sample Verbs

to biteñokot, gugut, krět
to blowsumilir, tyup
to breatheambegan, amběgan
to burnmbesem, tunu, ŋoboŋ
to buyaměli, kawěli, mundcet, tuku, tumbas, winěli
to chewmamah
to choosemilih, mindah, pilih
to climbmiŋqah, muŋgah, nek, panek, um-a-nek
to comedateŋ, para, rawuh, teka
to cookmasak, oloh-oloh, tasak, t-um-asak
to counthitung, ŋetaŋ, ŋituŋ
to crymanangis, muwun, naŋis, tangis
to cut, hacknugel, tětěk
to die, be deadmati, pati, seda
to diggali, nḍuḍuk
to dreamñupena, ang-ipi, i-ni-pi, ŋimpi
to drinkinum, ŋombe, ŋunjuk
to eatdahar, maŋan, pangan, umangan
to falldawah, tiba
to fearajirih, ma-takut, wedi
to flowhili, hilir, mili
to flyiběr, mabur
to growṭukul, t-um-uwuh, tuwuh
to heard.ěngěr, kruŋu, mireŋ, rěngö
to hidenḍelik, wuni
to hitamupuh, nutuk, p-in-upuh, pupuh
to holdñekel, gěgěm, ŋasta
to huntburu, mbebeḍag
to killñedani, amati, mateni, pati
to know, be knowledgeablemaŋertos, wruh, ŋerti
to laughg-um-uyu, guyu, qumujeŋ, ŋguyu
to lie downlěmah, sarean, turon
to live, be alivehurip, ma-hurip, qesaŋ
to open, uncoverbuka, mbikak, mbukak
to plantnandur, nanem, taněm
to pound, beatnutu, t.ut.uk
to saykanda, tutur, ŋendika
to scratchkukur, ŋukur
to seelihat, l-um-ihat, mirsani, nonton
to sewdondom, jahit, njahit
to shootmbeḍil, panah
to sitleŋqah, loŋguh, lungguh
to sleepsare, turû, turu
to sniff, smellambu, ŋambu, ŋqanda
to spitidu, mang-idu
to splitñyigar, pilah
to squeezemeres, pěrěs
to stab, piercenujes, tusuk
to standad.ěg, jumeneŋ, ŋadek
to stealñoloŋ, alap
to suckñerot, sěsěp, ŋisep
to swellaböh, aboh, abuh, aběh
to swimlanghuy, renaŋ, ŋlaŋi
to thinkhid.ěp, meŋqalih, mikir
to throwhabalang, mbucal, ŋguwaŋ
to tie up, fastenikět, naleni, naŋsuli, um-ikět
to turnmenggok, putěr
to walklaku, lampah, mlaku, mlampah
to vomitmutah, umutah, wutah
to workñambut damel, ñambut gawe, gaway, g-um-away, g-um-awe
to yawnang-hwap, aŋop

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