Languages

Kavalan

Fact corner

  • Language: Kavalan
  • Alternate names:: Cabaran, Kabalan, Kabaran, Kamalan, Kavanan, Kavarauan, Kbalan, Kibalan, Kiwaraw, Kiwarawa, Kuvalan, Kuvarawan, Kuwarawan, Kvalan, Shekwan
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:ckv
  • Language family: Austronesian, East Formosan, Northern
  • Number of speakers: 24
  • Script:

Introduction

Kavalan is a language of Taiwan. It is spoken in Northeast coast, above Toucheng to Ilan, nearly to Suao, and inland to Atayal (See: Atayal) language area. No longer spoken in the original area; a few migrants to the east coast, Hsishe village, Fengpin Township, Hualien County (1990). .

Dialects

Kareovan (Kareowan).

The Kavalan Verb

Sample Verbs

to biteqaʀat-, qʀem-, qʀtut-, qma:ɣát
to blowpizpiz-, səmiúp, siaʀaʀ-, siup-, təmaváʔ
to breathesəməŋáh, sməŋŋáẓ, sngaz
to burnʀamaz, mo:ɣás, mtu:tú:n, puɣa:már
to buyasa
to chewkemkem, ngangngar-, samsam
to choosemil-, mill-
to climbpurus-, tuqaz, zaqis
to comeakwa, kautúʔ, naori, qawtóʔ, utu-
to cookɣa:mál, ʀamaz, samál
to countbiláŋ, bilang, pasabi:ɬáŋ
to crymu:ɣíŋ, muring, uʀing
to cut, hackqanib-, qəma:nív
to die, be deadpa:tái, patay
to digka:lkál, kal-, kmutkút, kutkut, qiuʀ, tatak
to dreamʀaputuy
to drinkmna:núm, nanum, siɣóp, sirep
to eathan, k'man, kanpai, qan-, qmá:n
to fallrisbuq, təmibúk, tibuq, tmi:bóq
to fearitis-, maytís, moqtə́t
to flowsəmúr, sma:qáy, suʀiʀ-
to flybaseʀ-, no:ba:sə́ɣ, nuba:sáɣ
to growrkez-, ruma-, sʀuz-
to heardarav, ipir, mi:píẓ, pi:léŋ
to hidenbi
to hitbabbar, puqún
to holdʔalai, ma:láʔ, quppeʀ
to huntmlo:lók, saláup, saraw
to killʔtung-, məttúŋ, mutung
to know, be knowledgeablesu:pəɣán, su:ppóɣ, suppeʀ
to laughkokoẓán, mta:wáʔ, tawa
to lie downʀuʀaz-, səẓitáŋ, sibu:bu:lín, zittang-
to live, be alivebi:nús, manbinús, qizi, qizu-
to open, uncoverngaʀ, ngaʀʀ
to plantruma-, sapang-
to pound, beatinsung, taʀqan
to saysi:kawmáʔ, sikaoma, sikawma, sikawman, siqaumáʔ
to scratchkaɣau, qa:ɣáw, qaʀaw, təbəs
to seemqita, tayta, tita, tmaytáʔ
to sewtais, təma'ís, təmaksám
to shootbattúʔ, pani, pma:níʔ
to sitʀiʀil-, llel-, maɬə́ɬ, qalə́r
to sleepinep-, mainə́p, meinŭp, niʀuʀu-, taquz-
to sniff, smellsingut-, smanuk, smi:ŋút, smingut, vaŋsís
to spitqa:t, qat, tiapə́s, tiʀpes
to splitməŋaɣ, siaq-, subbít
to squeezepleq-, pumẓáq, qumənə́ɣ
to stab, piercemsi-, tbeq, tmuqéq, toqaiqaqái
to standmieɣeiʔ, teɣéʔ, teqteq
to stealʀuzik-
to sucksəpsə́p, sisep-, smi:sə́p, smupsúp, supsup-, tuptup-
to swellbunur, masen, matuq-, smaʀ-
to swimmənaŋúi, nanguy
to thinkanem, ka:sianə́m, kəsianə́m, siznges
to throwmwa:lín, naqai, suray-
to tie up, fastenməqosi:ŋə́t, mnu:túl, nutuz
to turnkariseng-, kəlisən, kmu:li:sə́ŋ, krizeng
to walkraziw-, saqay, səma:kái, sma:qáy
to vomitmu:tíʔ, uti
to workkəlawka:wáy, kuri, sahalun, saharun, saqay, saqulíʔ
to yawnsuab-

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