Languages

Madura

Fact corner

Introduction

Madura is a language of Indonesia. It is spoken in East Java Province, Madura island, Sapudi islands; coastal area of Java island, south and west of Surabaja city, southwest of Madura island. Also in Singapore. .

Dialects

Bangkalan (Bangkalon), Bawean (Babean, Bhebien, Boyanese), Pamekesan (Pamekasan), Sampang, Sapudi, Sumenep. Dialect continuum. Reports differ about inherent intelligibility among dialects: some Sumenep and Sampang report they cannot understand Pamekasan or Sumenep. Difficult intelligibility with Kangean (See: Kangean?). Bawean may be a separate language. Lexical similarity: 75% with Kangean (See: Kangean?).

The Madura Verb

Sample Verbs

to bitekekkeʔ
to blowñarepo
to breathea-ñaba
to burnñolet
to buybelli
to chewa-kael
to choosemele
to climbnaeʔ
to comedhateŋ
to cookŋ-ola
to countmetoŋ
to crynaŋes
to cut, hackŋerraʔ
to die, be deadmate
to digŋali
to dreama-mempe
to drinkŋemon
to eatŋakan
to fallgaggar
to feartakoʔ
to flowa-gili
to flyŋabber
to growtombu
to hearŋ-edhiŋ
to hideŋerrem
to hitpokol
to holdtek|kem
to hunta-buru
to killmateʔe
to know, be knowledgeabletao
to laugha-gellaʔ
to lie downdhuŋ tedhuyan
to live, be aliveodhiʔ
to open, uncoverbukkaʔ
to plantnamen
to pound, beatnoto
to sayŋocaʔ
to scratcha-garu
to seeneŋgu, ŋanela
to sewa-jaiʔ
to shootmana
to sittajuʔ
to sleeptedhuŋ
to sniff, smellñeyom
to spita-copa
to splitñebaʔ
to squeezeŋepeʔ
to stab, pierceñoca
to standman|jeŋ
to stealma-maleŋ
to suckŋeññot
to swellbara
to swima-laŋŋoy
to thinkmekker
to throwŋoteppagi
to tie up, fastennaleʔe
to turnmoter
to walka-jalan
to vomitŋota
to worka-lako
to yawna-uway

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