Languages

Mansi

Fact corner

Introduction

The Mansi language is a language of the Mansi people. It is spoken in territories of Russia along the Ob River and its tributaries, including the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug and the Sverdlovsk Oblast.

There are four main dialects of Mansi:

  • Northern Vogul (Sos’va, Sosyvin, Upper Lozyvin),
  • Southern Vogul (Tavdin),
  • Western Vogul (Pelym, Vagily, Middle Lozyvin, Lower Lozyvin),
  • Eastern Vogul (Kondin).

The intelligibility is difficult between geographically distant dialects.

The Verb

Mansi conjugation has

  • three persons,
  • three numbers,
  • two tenses, and
  • four moods.

Active and passive voices exist.

Intransitive and transitive conjugations are distinguished. This means that there are two possible ways of conjugating a verb. When the speaker conjugates in intransitive, the sentence has no concrete object (in this case, the object is nothing or something like something, anything). In the transitive conjugation, there is a concrete object. This feature also exists in the other Ugric languages.

Sample verb: мина mina 'to go'

Person Past
Sg.1 минасум
Sg.2 минасэн
Sg.3 минас
Du.1 минасумен
Du.2 минасэн
Du.3 минасыг
Pl.1 минасув
Pl.2 минасэн
Pl.3 минасэт

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