Languages

Messapic

Fact corner

Introduction

Messapic is an extinct Indo-European language of South-eastern Italy, once spoken in the regions of Apulia and Calabria. It was spoken by the three Iapygian tribes of the region: the Messapians, the Daunii and the Peucetii.

The language, a centum language, has been preserved in about 260 inscriptions dating from the 6th to the 1st century BC. The Messapic language became extinct after the Roman Empire conquered the region and assimilated the inhabitants.

The Verb

Sample

 dašta morƟana ap
 rodita hipades

Translation: "Dasta Morthana gave (this) to Aphrodite."

Verb:

  • hipa-de-s (apparently a verb form made up of a prefix hipa- and 3rd sg. aorist of the verb 'give', with the final -s marker of the aorist.)

References

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