Languages

Middle High German

Fact corner

Introduction

German Language Periods

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  • Old High German is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 500 to 1050 CE.
  • Middle High German is the term used for the period in the history of the German language between 1050 and 1350.
  • Modern German is the language spoken today.

Middle High German is the term used for the period in the history of the German language between 1050 and 1350.

Middle High German is not a unified written language and the term covers two main dialect areas:

  • Upper German (Oberdeutsch)
  • Central German or Middle German (Mitteldeutsch)

The verb

The Old High German verb had

  • 3 Moods: Indicative, Subjunctive, and Imperative;
  • 2 Tenses: Present and Preterite;
  • 2 Numbers: Singular and Plural;
  • 3 persons

Sample verb nëmen 'to take'

Person Indicative Subjunctive Imperative
Present Preterite Present Preterite
Sg.1 nime nam nëme næme -
Sg.2 nim(e)st næme nëmest næmest nim
Sg.3 nim(e)t nam nëme næme -
Pl.1 nëmen na'men nëmen næmen -
Pl.2 nëm(e)t na'met nëmet næmet nëmet
Pl.3 nëment na'men nëmen næmen -

References

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