Languages

Mon

Fact corner

Introduction

Mon is a language of Myanmar. It is spoken in Mon and Kayin states, Tanintharyi, Bago, Yangon, and Mandalay Divisions. Also in Thailand. .

Dialects

Martaban-Moulmein (Central Mon, Mon Te), Pegu (Mon Tang, Northern Mon), Ye (Mon Nya, Southern Mon). Intelligibility between Mon varieties high; between Mon in Thailand and Myanmar 99% (Huffman 1976). Varieties in Myanmar and Thailand “mutually intelligible” (Bauer 1990) but lexical borrowings from Thai and Burmese may cause miscommunication (Guillon 1999). Lexical similarity: 69% with Mon and Nyah Kur (See: Nyahkur?) (Huffman 1976).

The Mon Verb

Sample Verbs

to bitekit
to blowpak
to breatheyɜ̀m
to burncɔŋ
to buyràn
to chewhài
to chooserùi
to climbkwàn
to comeklɜŋ
to cooktom
to countrɜ̀h
to crykərɜ̀ˀ
to cut, hackkut
to die, be deadchɒt
to digkhai
to dreamkəpɔˀ
to drinksɜŋ
to eatcɛˀ
to fallhətom, tòm
to fearphɔik
to flowhwò
to fly
to growduh
to hearmòiŋ
to hidehətòn, op
to hittɛk
to holdròp
to huntpɛ̀ak ròp
to killhəcɒt
to know, be knowledgeabletɛm
to laughkràŋ
to lie downtoik
to live, be alivecàŋ
to open, uncoverpɔk
to plant
to pound, beathəmɜk, hənɛk
to sayhɒm, kɛ̀h
to scratchkwàt
to seeɲàt
to sewcòiŋ
to shootpɔn
to sithəcòˀ
to sleephloiŋ
to sniff, smellchɜŋ
to spitchɔh
to splitpaik
to squeezedɜ, təŋèt
to stab, piercehəpɛk həlɛŋ
to standhətao, kətɒ
to stealklɔt
to sucksòt
to swellpaoˀ
to swimboiŋ
to thinkchɔp
to throwklɔh, thɒˀ
to tie up, fastencɔn
to turnhətah
to walkkwaik
to vomitklat
to workklon
to yawnhəap

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