Languages

Nama

Fact corner

  • Language: ‡Hua
  • Alternate names: Khoekhoe, Berdama, Bergdamara, “Hottentot” , Kakuya Bushman,
    “Khoekhoegowab”, “Khoekhoegowap” , Maqua, Namakwa, Naman,
    Namaqua, Nasie, Rooi Nasie, Tama, Tamakwa, Tamma
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:naq
  • Language family: Khoisan, Southern Africa, Central, Nama
  • Number of speakers: 251,100
  • Script: Latin script

Introduction

The Nama language is the most populous and widespread of the Khoisan languages. It is spoken in Namibia, Botswana, and South Africa by three ethnic groups, the Nama, Damara, and Hai|om.

The Nama language (Khoekhoe) is a national language in Namibia. In Namibia and South Africa, radio programs are broadcast in it.

The Nama Verb

Tense

remote past
recent past
 present (not usually overt)
nìífuture
indefinite

Note- nìí is a "root" morpheme, all the others are particles

Aspect

Punctual

'áopke!úu.
man+cldecl.prt.remote-pastgo

the man went

Imperfective

kèrèremote past
kòròrecent past
ra (or ta)present
nìí rafuture
kàràindefinite
'áopkekèrèúu.
man+cldecl.prt.rmt-pst-proggo

the man was going

Perfective

hàa 'iíremote past
hàa 'iírecent past
hàapresent
hàa hàafuture
hàa 'iíindefinite
'áopkeúuhàa 'ií.
man+cldecl.prt.rmt-pstgoperfective prt

the man had gone

External References

  • Nama Grammar(approve sites)
  • Haacke, Wilfred H.G. 1978. Subject Deposition in Nama. M.A. thesis, University of Essex. 87p.
  • Hagman, Roy S. 1977. Nama Hottentot Grammar. Bloomington: Indiana University.
  • Hagman, Roy S. 1999. "The true nature of the Nama Noun Phrase." Notes from a talk delivered at Cornell University; Oct. 26.
Categories: Khoisan | Latin script | Language

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