Languages

Ngaju

Fact corner

Introduction

Ngaju is a language of Indonesia. It is spoken in Central Kalimantan Province. Upper reaches or headwaters of Kapuas, Kahayan, Katingan, and Mentaya rivers. .

Dialects

Ba’amang (Bara-Bare, Sampit), Kahayan, Kahayan Kapuas, Katingan Ngaju, Katingan Ngawa, Mantangai (Oloh Mangtangai), Pulopetak. Related to Bakumpai (See: Bakumpai?). Lexical similarity: 75% with Bakumpai (See: Bakumpai?), 62% with Kohin (See: Kohin?), 50% with Ot Danum (See: Ot Danum), 35% with Banjar (See: Banjar).

The Ngaju Verb

Sample Verbs

to bitemamangkit, mangirut, manqirut
to blowhimun, mahambus, mahimun
to breathemahaseng, manahaseng
to burnbakehu, mamapoi
to buymamili', mili
to chewjipak, manyipa', n'jipak, ngunyah, simpa
to choosemintih
to climblumpat, mandai, mandai', manyakei
to comedumah
to cookbarapi, maluntuh, mampakasak, manjuhu
to countise, mise, mise'
to crymamatum, manamqis, manangis, manatum
to cut, hackmanetek
to die, be deadmatei, nihaw
to digmangali, manqali
to dreammanupi
to drinkmihup
to eatkuman
to fallmanjatu, manjatu'
to fearmikeh
to flowmahasur
to flytarawang, tarawanq
to growbelum, tumbu, tumbu'
to hearmahining, manyeneh
to hidemanyahukan, menyahukan, sahukan
to hitmamukul, mangkong, melang, metoppetop
to holdimbing, mimbing
to huntmahurung, mandup, manyelek, mengan, mimpa
to killmampatei
to know, be knowledgeablekatawa'a, katawam
to laughkatawe, tatawe, tatawe'
to lie downmenter, penter
to live, be alivebalum-barigas, belum
to open, uncovermuap, mukei
to plantmimbul
to pound, beatmanepe', tempe
to sayhamauh
to scratchmanggaruk, manggayaw, manqqayau
to seegite, manampayah, mite'
to sewmitur, mitur[mamitur]
to shootmamanah, manem bak
to sitmunduk
to sleepbatiruh
to sniff, smellmambewau, manyingut, manyium, singut
to spitmaluja, maluyah
to splitmanyila
to squeezehamis, mahamis, micik
to stab, piercemanyuduk, munu
to standmendeng
to stealmanakau, nakaw
to suckminyop, minyup
to swellkembang, manqembanq
to swimhanangoi, hanangui
to thinkbapikir
to throwmanjakah, medak
to tie up, fastenmameteng, manjarat, me-teng, nali
to turnmahiwang, mules, mules ka gantau
to walkmamanjung, mananjung
to vomitmuta, muta'
to workbagawi, baqawi
to yawnmalalap

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