Languages

Noric

Fact corner

Introduction

The Noric language or Eastern Celtic language was a Continental Celtic language. It is attested in only two fragmentary inscriptions from the Roman province of Noricum (one in Grafenstein, Austria, the other in Ptuj, Slovenia), which do not provide enough information for any conclusions about the nature of the language to be drawn. However, the language was probably similar to the other Celtic languages near to it, such as Gaulish.

It is not known when it became extinct, because of the scanty evidence.

The Verb

Sample

The Grafenstein inscription, on a tile from the 2nd century AD that was discovered in a gravel pit in 1977, is incomplete, but the extant part has been transcribed as follows:

 MOGE · ES[ 
 P· II- LAV · EX[
 ṆE · SAḌỊÍES[
 OLLO · SO · VILO[
 ỌNẠ    C[…]

 OLLO · SO · ? [
 P LṾGNṾ · SI

Verb:

  • ne sadiíes; a verbal form possibly meaning "you (singular) do not set"

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