North Caucasian


North Caucasian languages is a blanket term for two language phyla spoken chiefly in the north Caucasus and Turkey: the Northwest Caucasian (Pontic, Abkhaz-Adyghe, Circassian) family and the Northeast Caucasian (East Caucasian, Caspian, Nakh-Dagestanian) family; the latter including the former North-central Caucasian (Nakh) family.

Many linguists believe that the two groups sprang from a common ancestor about five thousand years ago. However, due to the nature of the languages in question, this proposal is difficult to evaluate, and remains controversial.


  • East Caucasian
    • Avar-Andic
    • Dargi
      • Dargwa
    • Khinalugh
      • Khinalugh
    • Lak
      • Lak
    • Lezgic
      • Archi
        • Archi
      • Nuclear Lezgic
      • Udi
        • Udi
    • Nakh
      • Batsi
        • Bats
      • Chechen-Ingush
        • Chechen
        • Ingush
    • Tsezic
      • East Tsezic
        • Hunzib
        • Bezhta
      • West Tsezic
        • Dido
        • Hinukh
        • Khvarshi
  • West Caucasian

North Caucasian languages in WikiVerb

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