Languages

Old Gutnish

Fact corner

Introduction

Old Gutnish was the dialect of Old Norse that was spoken on the island of Gotland. It shows sufficient differences from the Old East Norse dialects Old Swedish? and Old Danish that it is considered to be a separate branch. Today a modern version, Gutnish is still spoken on the south-east parts of Gotland and on the island of Fårö.

The Old Gutnish verb

Verbs were conjugated in person and number, in present and past tense, in indicative, imperative and subjunctive mood.

Verbs are divided into strong verbs and weak verbs. Strong verbs form the past tense with a vowel shift and weak verbs with a -ða/-da suffix.

Sample verb: vara

INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE IMPERATIVE
Present Preterite Present Preterite
Sg.1 æm var sē; sēi; sī; vari; væri; veri; æri vāre -
Sg.2 æst vart sē; sēi; sī; vari; væri; veri; æri vāre ?
Sg.3 ier; ir var sē; sēi; sī; vari; væri; veri; æri vāre -
Pl.1 ærum vārom sēin; sēn; sē; varin; vari; værin; ærin vārom -
Pl.2 ærin vārin sēin; sēn; sē; varin; vari; værin; ærin vārin -
Pl.3 ieru; iru vāro sēin; sēn; sē; varin; vari; værin; ærin vārin -

Verb Wiki

Verbix Website

edit SideBar

Copyright Verbix 1995-2016