Languages

Old Prussian

Fact corner

Introduction

Prussian is an extinct Baltic language, once spoken by the inhabitants of Prussia in north-eastern Poland and the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia.

In Old Prussian itself, the language was called “Prūsiskan” (Prussian) or “Prūsiskai Bilā” (the Prussian language).

The verb

Sample verb: bûtwei

INDICATIVE IMPERATIVE OPTATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE
Present Past
Sg.1 asmâ  - ? bûlai bêi
Sg.2 asei  seîs ? bûlai
Sg.3 ast  - seîsei bûlai
Pl.1 asmai  bêimai - ? bûlimai
Pl.2  astê  bêitê seîtê ? bûlaitê
Pl.3  ast  bêi - ? bûlai

References

  • Berneker, Erich. Die Preussische Sprache. Strassburg. 1896.
  • Eckert Rainer et al.. Die baltischen Sprachen. Eine Einführung. Langenscheidt Verlag. 5 edition. Leipzig. 1994.
  • Schmalstieg, William R.. An Old Prussian Grammar: The Phonology and Morphology of the Three Catechisms. The Pennsylvania State University Press. 1974.

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