Languages

Proto-Uralic

Fact corner

  • Language: Proto-Uralic
  • Alternate names: Uralilainen kantakieli
  • SIL-code: -
  • Language family: Uralic
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script: -

Introduction

Proto-Uralic (Finnish: Uralilainen kantakieli) is a reconstructed language, which was the predecessor of all Uralic languages, such as Finnish.

Latest lingistical and archeological evidence support the theory that speakers of Proto-Uralic lived on the shores of Volga river in today's Southern Russia.

From Proto-Uralic language evolved a number of younger Uralic languages, such as Early Proto-Finnic.

The Verb

The verb was inflected for tense-aspect (*-pa indicated "nonpast", *-ka indicated "perfect nonpast; imperative", *-ja indicated "past") and mood (*-ne indicated "conditional-potential"). The use of auxiliary verbs to indicate tenses was unknown, although Sami, Baltic-Finnic, and Hungarian now have essentially a Germanic-type tense system, with perfect formations based on the "be" verb; e.g., Finnish mene-n 'I go', ole-n men-nyt 'I have gone' ('be-I go-[past participle]'), men-i-n 'I went', ol-i-n men-nyt 'I had gone', men-isi-n 'I would go', ol-isi-n men-nyt 'I would have gone'.

*toli- to come

Sg1*tolim
Sg2*tolit
Sg3*toli
Du1*tolimajn
Du2*tolitajn
Du3*toliki
Pl1*tolimat
Pl2*tolitat
Pl3*tolit
  • Sg = singular
  • Du = Dual
  • Pl = Plural
  • * = reconstructed (hypothetical) form

References

Categories: Uralic | Extinct | Language

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