Languages

Saami, Inari

Fact corner

  • Language: Saami, Inari
  • Alternate names: Inari "Lappish", Anar, "Finnish Lapp", "Lapp", Sámi, Samic, Saam, Saame
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:sma
  • Language family: Uralic, Sami, Eastern
  • Number of speakers: 250

Introduction

Inari Sámi (anarâškielâ) is a Finno-Ugric, Sami language spoken in Finland by some 250 people, the majority of which are middle-aged or older and live in the municipality of Inari. It is the only Sami language that is spoken exclusively in Finland. The language is classified as being seriously endangered as few children learn the language.

The Verb

Person

Verbs conjugate for three grammatical persons:

  • first person
  • second person
  • third person

Grammatical number

Verbs conjugate for three grammatical numbers:

  • singular
  • dual
  • plural

Sample verb conjugation: vuollâđ

Indicative Conditional Potential Imperative
Present Past
Sg.1 vuolâm vuollim vuo'lâččim vyeleem vuállum
Sg.2 vuolah vuollih vuo'lâččih vyeleeh vuolâ
Sg.3 vuáḷá vuolâi vuo'lâččij vuolš vuá'lus
Du.1 vyel'leen vuoláim vuo'lâččáim vuo'lâžeen vuál'loon
Du.2 vuo'ḷâvettee vuoláid vuo'lâččáid vuolâšvettee vyel'lee
Du.3 vuollâv vuoláin vuo'lâččáin vuo'lâžává vuállus
Pl.1 vuollâp vuoláim vuo'lâččijm vuo'lâžep vuállup
Pl.2 vuo'ḷâvetteđ vuoláid vuo'lâččijd vuolâšvetteđ vuollâđ
Pl.3 vyeḷih vuol'lii vuo'lâččii vuolâžeh vuállus
Categories: Uralic | Sami | Language

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