Languages

Saami, Pite

Fact corner

  • Language: Saami, Pite
  • Alternate names: “Lapp” , Pite, Saami
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:sje
  • Language family: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern
  • Number of speakers: 20

Introduction

Pite Sami is a Sami language traditionally spoken in Sweden and Norway. It only spoken on the Swedish side of the border along the Pite River in the north of Arjeplog and Arvidsjaur and in the mountainous areas of the Arjeplog municipality.

The Verb

Pite Sami has:

  • 5 grammatical moods: indicative, imperative, conditional, potential, and optative;
  • 2 simple tenses: past and non-past;
  • 2 compound tenses: Present perfect and Pluperfect;
  • 3 grammatical numbers: singular, dual, and plural;
  • 3 grammatical persons: first person, second person, and third person.

Negative Verb

Pite Sami, like Finnish, the other Sámi languages and Estonian, has a negative verb. In Pite Sámi, the negative verb conjugates according to mood (indicative, imperative and optative), person and number. This differs from some other the other Sami languages, e.g., from Northern Sami, which do not conjugate according to tense and other Sami languages, that do not use the optative.

INDICATIVE IMPERATIVE OPTATIVE
Present Preterite
Sg.1 iv ittjiv - alluv
Sg.2 ih ittjih ielieh alluh
Sg.3 ij ittjij - allus
Du.1 ien iejmien; ittjijmen - iellun; allun
Du.2 iehpien; ehpien; ihpien iejtien; ittjijtien iellien ielluten; alluten
Du.3 iepaa; iepaan iejkaan; ittjijka - ielluska; alluska
Pl.1 iehp; iep iejmieh; ittjijmeh - iellup; allup
Pl.2 iehpit; ihpit iejtieh; ittjijteh iellit ielluteh; alluteh
Pl.3 ieh ittjin - ielluseh; alluseh
Categories: Uralic | Sami | Language

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