Languages

Sabaean

Fact corner

Introduction

Sabaean is an ancient language of Yemen spoken by the Sabaeans 100 BC - 600 AD. It was used as a written language by some other peoples ("sha`bs") of Ancient Yemen, including the Hashidites, Sirwahites, Humlanites, Ghaymanites, Himyarites, Radmanites etc.

The alphabet

Sabaean was written in the South Arabian alphabet.

The verb

Sample verb: h̠dʿ

Simple imperfect

sg.1 
sg.2 m 
sg.2 f 
sg.3 m  yh̠dʿ 
sg.3 f  th̠dʿ 
du.1 
du.2 m 
du.2 f 
du.3 m  yh̠dʿy 
du.3 f  th̠dʿy 
pl.1 
pl.2 m 
pl.2 f 
pl.3 m  yh̠dʿw 
pl.3 f  th̠dʿn 

N-imperfect

sg.1 
sg.2 m 
sg.2 f 
sg.3 m  yh̠dʿn 
sg.3 f  th̠dʿn 
du.1 
du.2 m 
du.2 f 
du.3 m  yh̠dʿnn 
du.3 f  th̠dʿnn 
pl.1 
pl.2 m 
pl.2 f 
pl.3 m  yh̠dʿnn 
pl.3 f  yh̠dʿnn 

References

  • Beeston, A.F.L.. Sabaic grammar. Journal of Semitic studies, monograph no.6. University of Manchester. .

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