Languages

Saisiyat

Fact corner

Introduction

Saisiyat is a language of Taiwan. It is spoken in Western mountains, west of the Atayal (See: Atayal), Nanchuang Township, Miaoli County and Wufong Township, Hsinchu County. .

Dialects

Taai (North Saiset), Tungho (South Saiset). Dialect differences are mainly phonological and lexical (1978 P. Li).

The Saisiyat Verb

Sample Verbs

to bitekoma'as, komaas, komaLas
to blowhömiyop, hœmiop
to breatheehnak, Lomihnak
to burnmaʃhapoy, solöh
to buybaiw, βaLiw
to chewmaʃʔiʔis
to choosepawhiil, pawhiLil
to climbmanakiʃ
to comemoway, waiʔ, waLiʔ
to cooktomalək
to count(sa)ʃəpəə, (sa)ʃəpəL, ŝoməpə'
to cryhömaŋih, hœmaŋih
to cut, hackʔinsiyaz, kominmæh
to die, be deadmasay
to digkomoih, komoLih, komowih
to dreamʔiʃpiʔ
to drinkromæʔœL, romæʔœœ, romäʔö'
to eatsomiʔæl, somiʔäl
to fallʃæhæʔ, ʃæhLæʔ, sähäʔ
to fearimatiktikot
to flowʔælʔælor, löʔälor
to flyLomayap
to growsomʔœr
to hearbäzäʔ, bazæʔ, βazæʔ
to hitʃəmbət, ʃəmβət, ŝəmbət, tomotoʔ
to holdbilis, βilis, mariʔ, taʃibinaʔ, taʃiβinaʔ
to huntʔmalup, ʔœmalop, tomalboyöʔ
to killtombok, tomβok
to know, be knowledgeablera'am, raam, raLam
to laughsawaʔ, somawaʔ
to lie downmaywa'wa'ak, maywa'wa'kan
to live, be aliveʔiʔiæh, ʔiʔiLæh, ʔiʔiyäh
to open, uncoverawæh, Lawæh
to plantmamoLaʔ, mamwaʔ
to pound, beattoʔtoʔ
to saykomoŝa, mæhræhraŋ, maʔiyaka'iʔ
to scratchkakaaw, kaLkaLaw, koma'ka'aw, komoʃkoʃ
to seekitaʔ, komitaʔ
to sewʃomæʔiʃ, ŝomäʔiŝ
to shootpomanæʔ, ponänäʔ
to sitʃaəŋ, ʃaLəŋ, masa'əŋ
to sleepmæʔrəm, mäʔrəm
to sniff, smellsazəkən, somazək
to spitähök, toməpəʃ
to splitlomakay, ŝomawiʔ
to squeezekəpə', kompəə, kompəL
to stab, piercehömażáb, hœmazab, hœmazaβ
to standmiriiʔ, miriLiʔ, miririʔi'
to stealmarmaʔ
to suckʔomosʔəs, ʔomosʔos
to swellmaariæʔ, maLriæʔ
to swimlalaŋoy, lomaŋoy
to thinkeʔazʔazəm, maaʔazʔazəm, maLʔazʔazəm
to throwʔömosa', ʔœmosaa, ʔœmosaL
to tie up, fastenbotœʔ, βotœʔ, makisäʔöʔ
to turnpainʃayloʔ, paLinʃaLiloʔ
to walkmaiziza, manra'an, manraan, manraLan
to vomitmomotæʔ, motäʔ
to workmata'waw, mataawaw, mataLoaw
to yawnmaaʃwab, maLəʃwaβ

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