Languages

Swedish, Aiboland

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Introduction


A traffic sign in Nuckö

Estonian Swedish (Swedish estlandssvenska) is a group of East-Swedish dialects spoken by Aibofolke, island people(Estonian: rannarootsi, 'coast Swedish') in Estonia. It's spoken in the following areas; Ormsö, Nuckö, Sutlep, Odensholm, Rågöarna, Nargö, Runö, Rickull, Vippal, Korkis, and Tallinn. This Swedish dialect is almost extinct.

Swedish languages

[Edit] There are many variants of standard Swedish. Some of these are considered dialects and other as separate languages.

The verb


The cited book / verb reference.

The verb doesn't show any peculiarities in conjugation. The differences between Standard Swedish and the dialects are rather in spelling. For example, while standard Swedish says kör 'drive', Nuckö dialect says ker.

Sample verb

Tense Number 'kŭma' (to come) 'bít' (to bite)
Infinitive kŭma bít
Present kŭmur bítur
Preterite Singular kom 1 / kám 2 bait
Plural kŭmu bitu
Imperative kŭm! bít!
Supine kŭme bite

Notes:

  1. Ormö dialect.
  2. Nukkö dialect.

Sample text


Areas of Estonian Swedish

Nuckömål (Swedish spoken in Nuckö):
Stick tälknin i stolpan o hälvtor stolpan topa kalkan, säte Halmen o Hälma färe kalkan o ker te Nuckö toka.

Swedish:
Stick täljkniven i stolpen och vält stolpen på kälken, sätt Hjälmen och Hjälma för kälken och kör till Nuckö.

References

  • Vendell, Herman. Laut-und Formlehre der schwedischen Mundarten in den Kirchspielen Ormsö und Nukkö in Ehstland. Helsinki. 1881.

External links

  • Den Andra Stranden(approve sites), includes information, such as recordings of spoken Swedish in Estonia.

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