Languages

Swedish, Gamlakarleby

Fact corner

Introduction

Gamlakarleby Swedish is linguistic variety of Standard Swedish language. It is spoken in Karleby municipality and its surroundings in Finland.

The language cited here is refers to the language spoken in the end of the 19th century.

Swedish languages

[Edit] There are many variants of standard Swedish. Some of these are considered dialects and other as separate languages.

The verb

The verb is inflected in the same tenses as standard Swedish. Also the verbs follow the same conjugation classes and the division in regular and irregular verbs.

The inflections, however, differ a lot of from standard Swedish.

Sample verb

Regular verbs

  • Infinitive: klaga
  • Present participle: klagand
  • Past participle: klaga
Indicative Present Indicative Past Subjunctive Imperative
Sg.1 klagar klaga klagi -
Sg.2 klag(a)!
Sg.3 -
Pl.1 -
Pl.2 klagin klagin!
Pl.3 klagi -

Irregular verbs

vara
  • Infinitive: vara
  • Present participle: varand
  • Past participle: vari
Indicative Present Indicative Past Subjunctive Present Subjunctive Past Imperative
Sg.1 æ / ær / jær var ? vor -
Sg.2 var!
Sg.3 -
Pl.1 -
Pl.2 varin!
Pl.3 -
bit
  • Infinitive: bit
  • Present participle: bitand
  • Past participle: biti
Indicative Present Indicative Past Subjunctive Imperative
Sg.1 biter beit biti -
Sg.2 bit!
Sg.3 -
Pl.1 -
Pl.2 bitin bitin!
Pl.3 biti -

References

  • Hagfårs, K.J.. Gamlakarlebymålet. Helsinki. 1891.

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