Languages

Swedish, Helsingfors

Fact corner

Introduction


All street names are both in Finnish and Swedish.

Helsingfors Swedish (Swedish helsingforssvenska) is a East-Swedish dialect spoken in Helsinki (Swedish Helsingfors) region in Finland. This dialect has many borrowings from the Finnish language.

Swedish languages

[Edit] There are many variants of standard Swedish. Some of these are considered dialects and other as separate languages.

The verb


Swedish, Helsingfors is spoken in the middle of the area marked in Green.

Compared with Standard Swedish, the verb shows few peculiarities in conjugation. The differences between Standard Swedish and the dialects are rather in vocabulary that's specific to the region.

Morphology

The foremost peculiarity in morphology is the replacing of '-t/-d' with 'i' in past participle in 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs.
Examples:

  • höri instead of hört, from höra 'to hear'.
  • räcki instead of räckt, from räcka 'to last'.

There's also the tendency to omit the '-de' and '-t' suffixes in past tense and the supine. This is more common in Finland than in Sweden. Examples:

InflectionFinlandSweden
Pastkalla´ calledkallade
Supinekalla´ calledkallat
Supineäti´ eatenätit

One innovation is the infinitive måsta must. This verb has no infinitive in standard Swedish.

Vocabulary

Dialectal forms

  • jåma (Standard Swedish 'tjata') ''
  • skrinna (Standard Swedish 'åka skridsko') 'to skate'. "This verb is conjugated as a strong (irregular) verb in Southern Finland, and regularly in other Swedish speaking areas of Finland." (Source: Research Institute for the Languages of Finland(approve sites))

Loans from Finnish verbs

  • doka from Finnish dokata (Standard Swedish 'supa') 'to get drunk'
  • dona from Finnish duunata (Standard Swedish 'arbeta') 'to do; to work'
  • hassa from Finnish hassata (Standard Swedish 'slösa') 'to waste'
  • lunta from Finnish luntata (Standard Swedish 'fuska') 'to cheat'

External links

  • Dialekterna i den urbaniserade huvudstadsregionen(approve sites); a Swedish article of the dialects of the capital area in Finland. Research Institute for the Languages of Finland.

References

Verb Wiki

Verbix Website

edit SideBar

Copyright Verbix 1995-2016