From Verbix Languages

Languages: Swedish, Helsingfors

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Introduction


All street names are both in Finnish and Swedish.

Helsingfors Swedish (Swedish helsingforssvenska) is a East-Swedish dialect spoken in Helsinki (Swedish Helsingfors) region in Finland. This dialect has many borrowings from the Finnish language.

Swedish languages

[Edit] There are many variants of standard Swedish. Some of these are considered dialects and other as separate languages.

The verb


Swedish, Helsingfors is spoken in the middle of the area marked in Green.

Compared with Standard Swedish, the verb shows few peculiarities in conjugation. The differences between Standard Swedish and the dialects are rather in vocabulary that's specific to the region.

Morphology

The foremost peculiarity in morphology is the replacing of '-t/-d' with 'i' in past participle in 2nd and 3rd conjugation verbs.
Examples:

There's also the tendency to omit the '-de' and '-t' suffixes in past tense and the supine. This is more common in Finland than in Sweden. Examples:

InflectionFinlandSweden
Pastkalla´ calledkallade
Supinekalla´ calledkallat
Supineäti´ eatenätit

One innovation is the infinitive måsta must. This verb has no infinitive in standard Swedish.

Vocabulary

Dialectal forms

Loans from Finnish verbs

External links

References

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Page last modified on May 08, 2009, at 09:46 PM