Languages

Swedish, Östnyylendskå

Fact corner

Introduction

Östnyylendskå is an archaic Swedish dialect spoken in the environs of Lovisa ca.70-110 km. east of Helsinki, Finland.

The language has evolved from the language spoken by the Swedish that settled the area under late XIII century. Some parts of the language have traces of a language older than Runic Swedish. In particular the preservation of the Old Scandinavian diphthongs [ei] as in stein ('stone'), [öü] < /au/ as in höugär ('high'), and [öy] as in ti röyk ('to smoke') . The former diphthong has been preserved almost consistent, while the latter two are often matched by a monophthong MONOPHTHONG öögå ('eye'), hööst ('autumn'), tjööft ('bought'), and höörd ('heard').

The verb

The Östnyylendskå verb is inflected in:

  • two tenses: present and past
  • two compound tenses: prefect and pluperfect

Verbs are not inflected in person and number.

Strong verbs have traces of umlaut in the root vowel that had already been levelled in Old Swedish?. E.g., broken */e/ in ti bjär(a) ('to bear').

InfinitivePresentPastPerfectStandard Swedidsh
ti bliibliirbleiha blivibli
ti taataartooha tajjita
ti peikkpeikarpeikkaha peikkapeka
ti byytbyytärbyyttha byytt (byti ?)byta
ti föörföörföördha föördföra
ti sjilisjilsjilldha sjilldskilja
ti seliselsååldha sååldsälja
ti letletärletha letilåta
ti fallfallärfullha fallifalla
ti hitthittarhittaha hittahitta

External Links

Verb Wiki

Verbix Website

edit SideBar

Copyright Verbix 1995-2016