Languages

Syriac

Fact corner

  • Language: Syriac
  • Alternate names: ܠܫܢܐ ܣܘܪܝܝܐ leššānā Suryāyā
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:syc
  • Language family: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern
  • Number of speakers: Extinct
  • Script: -

Introduction

Syriac is a dialect of Middle Aramaic that was once spoken across much of the Fertile Crescent. Syriac became extinct in the 10th to 12th centuries. Still used as a literary secular language among followers of the churches listed, although rarely.

Literature

The Syrian churches (Eastern (Nestorian), Syrian Orthodox (Jacobite), Syrian Catholic (Melkite, Maronite) developed a vast literature based on the Edessa (currently Sanliurfa, southeastern Turkey) variety of the Syrian dialect. The Assyrian group (see Assyrian Neo-Aramaic in Iraq and elsewhere) separated denominationally from the Chaldean (see Chaldean Neo-Aramaic in Iraq) and Jacobite (see Turoyo in Turkey and Syria) in the Middle Ages.

Neo-Eastern Aramaic languages spoken by Christians are often dubbed 'Neo-Syriac', although not directly descended from Syriac.

The verb

Sample verb: ܩܬܠ (qtl)

References

  • Ungnad, Arthur. Syrische Grammatik. München. 1913.
Categories: Afro-Asiatic | Semitic | Language

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