Languages

Tamasheq

Fact corner

Introduction

Tamasheq is a Berber language spoken by the Tuareg.

The verb

Tamasheq verbs jave four aspects:

  1. Perfective: complete actions
  2. Stative: "lasting states as the ongoing results of a completed action."
  3. Imperfective: future or possible actions, "often used following a verb expressing emotion, decision or thought," it can be marked with "'ad'" (shortened to "'a-'" with prepositions).
  4. Cursive: ongoing actions, often habitual ones.

Conjugation in Tamasheq is done by adding suffixes (prefixes, postfixes or both) to a root. The triliteral roots (three-consonant bases) are the most common in Tamasheq.

Sample verb: ktb 'to write'

In the following table the prefixes and postfixes are marked in bold.

Past

Sg.1ektab
Sg.2tektabad
Sg.3 m.iktab
Sg.3 f.tektab
Pl.1nektab
Pl.2 m.tektabam
Pl.2 f.tektabmat
Pl.3 m.ektaban
Pl.3 f.ektabnat

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