Languages

Tamazight

Fact corner

  • Language: Tamazight
  • Alternate names: CENTRAL SHILHA, MIDDLE ATLAS BERBER, SHILHA
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:tzm
  • Language family: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas
  • Number of speakers: 3,500,000
  • Script: -

Introduction

Tamazight is a Berber language spoken in Morocco. The name Tamazight, which traditionally referred specifically to Central Morocco Tamazight, is being increasingly used for this standard Berber, or even for Berber as a whole, but usage is not consistent, and many Berber do not identify themselves as Tamazight.

The verb

Sample verb: xdm

Past

sg.1  xdmγ 
sg.2 m  txdmd 
sg.2 f  txdmd 
sg.3 m  yxdm 
sg.3 f  txdm 
pl.1  nxdm 
pl.2 m  txdmm 
pl.2 f  txdmmt 
pl.3 m  xdmn 
pl.3 f  xdmnt 

Projective

sg.1  adxdmγ 
sg.2 m  aTxdmd 
sg.2 f  aTxdmd 
sg.3 m  adyxdm 
sg.3 f  aTxdm 
pl.1  anxdm 
pl.2 m  aTxdmm 
pl.2 f  aTxdmmt 
pl.3 m  adxdmn 
pl.3 f  adxdmnt 

References

  • Abdel-Massih, Ernest T.. Tamazight Verb Structure. Indiana University. The Hague. 1968.
  • Durand, Olivier. Lineamenti di lingua berbera; varietà tamazight del Marocco centrale. Università degli studi 'la sapienza'. Roma. 1998.
Categories: Afro-Asiatic | Berber | Language

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