Languages

Tolaki

Fact corner

Introduction

Tolaki is a language of Indonesia. It is spoken in South East Sulawesi Province, North Konawe, Konawe, South Konawe, Kolaka, and North Kolaka regencies; Mekongga district, west coast. Broad area from Point Kolono, southeast peninsula, extending northwest across plains up to highlands; along west coast, past Klaka town towards Bone bay narrows. .

Dialects

Asera (Asera Wanua, Noie), Konawe (Kendari, Kioki, Tambuoki), Laiwui, Mekongga (Bingkokak, Kolaka, Konio, Norio, Tamboki), Wiwirano (Nohina). Lexical similarity: 88% with Asera, 84% with Konawe, 85% with Mekongga, 81% with Laiwui, 78% with Waru, 70% with Rahambuu and Kodeoha, 54% with the Mori and Bungku groups. Mekongga has 86% with Konawe, 80% with Laiwui.

The Tolaki Verb

Sample Verbs

to bitebakatiʔi, kaa, mebakata, mebakati, mekaa, mekara, mekarasi, mekeketa, mekerasi, mekiki, mobakati, mogara, moŋgara, moŋgekea, moŋgeketa, moŋgerasi, moŋgiki, moŋkara
to blowmepua
to breathemehonahona, penao
to burnhumunu, hunu, mohulu, mohunu, mondunu, mosoru, sumoru, tumunui
to buypo'oli
to chewkaa
to choosemepili
to climbmomone
to comeleu
to cookmonahu
to countdo'a
to cryhono, humuhua, imiʔia, mebiari, meŋere, miia, umi'ia, umiʔia
to cut, hackpole, pole'i
to die, be deadmate
to digmetanggali
to dreammo'ipi, moʔepi, moʔipi, moipi
to drinkmo'inu, moʔenu, moʔinu, moinu
to eatkaa, mogaa, moŋgaa
to fallmo'isa, moʔisa, montonda, motoda, motonda
to fearmotaku
to flowlumaa
to flylimuu, lumaa, mesīnako
to growtoro
to hearmedeaʔi, moedeʔai, mombodea, momboedea, mondedeaʔi, moroŋo, podea, podeaʔi
to hidehi'i
to hittoni
to holdpo'indi
to killmbepate, mepateʔi, mobepate, mombeopate, mombepate, mombopate, pepateʔi
to know, be knowledgeableto'ori, toʔori, toʔorikee, toori, toorikee, torikee, tumoʔorikee, tumorikee, tumōrikee
to laughmerorai, motao, mototao, mōtao
to lie downmo'iso'iso, moʔisoʔiso, moherehere, moiiso, moisoiso, monduturu, motuturu, motūturu
to live, be alivelaa
to open, uncoverhungga
to plantmombaho
to pound, beatmoaliali, moʔusa, umusa
to saybitara, mebitara, metulura, metura, mobepe, mobitara, mombau, mombaupau, mombepe, mondulura, monduura, te'eni, teʔeni
to scratchkaru
to seeki'i, ki'ii, mekii, mogii, moŋgee, moŋgii, moŋgikii
to sewmoseu
to shootpana
to sitmedotoro, mendotoro, mendōtoro, merehu, mererehu, mereurehu, merērehu, perehurehu
to sleepmo'iso, moʔiso, moiso, moturu
to sniff, smellsiusiu
to spitmeʔeni, meʔenihi, meʔini, meʔinihi, meeni, meini, metuhe, mo'eni
to splitwota
to stab, piercetobo
to standmegokoro, meliliŋgoro, meliŋgoro, menggokora, meŋgokoro, meŋgōkoro
to stealponini
to swellkamba
to swimlumangu, lumaŋo, lūmaŋo, numaŋo, numonaŋo
to thinkmepikiri
to throwkali
to tie up, fastenonggo
to turnputara
to walklako, lumaho, lumako, lumolako, melimba, molakolako
to vomitmo'ua, peʔua, peua
to workmombaho
to yawn

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