Languages

Tsou

Fact corner

  • Language: Tsou
  • Alternate names:: Namakaban, Niitaka, Tibola, Tibolah, Tibolak, Tibolal, Tso, Tsoo, Tsuou, Tsu-U, Tsu-Wo, Tzo
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:tsu
  • Language family: Austronesian, Tsouic
  • Number of speakers: 2,130
  • Script:

Introduction

Tsou is a language of Taiwan. It is spoken in West central mountains southeast of Chiayi, Alishan (Mt. Ali) area. .

Dialects

Duhtu, Iimutsu, Luhtu, Tapangu, Tfuea.

The Tsou Verb

Sample Verbs

to bite*k-um-áracə, bóecʉ, borcə, eoeóca
to blowhávi, merpuucu
to breathe*ñiSáwa, eunsóu, runsou
to burnho-, runzou
to buymihía, mxino
to chewmsímo, msimo, sínvi
to chooseepiri, esbʉtʉ[a]
to climbcapo, tisifóu
to come*-cəkə́ɬə, úso, oh-, uh, uso
to cookcúeu[a], priʔi
to counts-m-upeu, smuprə, spuéni
to cry*-táŋísi, *t-um-áŋisi, móŋsi, moŋsi
to cut, hackbohi-, tmorcə, tprəcŋə
to die, be dead*macáyi, mcói, mcoi
to dig*-kaliɦi, máe, miya-
to dream*čalíri, eacéi, raciri
to drinkmímo, mimo
to eat**k-um-áənə, *-káə́nə, ána, bónʉ, bonə
to fallsupeohʉ[i], suproxə
to fearskóeu[va], smoro
to flowmoheóvcu, moxrovcu
to fly*liámə, toesóso, torsoso
to grow*c-um-ə́vərə, eusúhci, rusuxci
to heartmadə, t-m-alʉ
to hideamʉtʉ[a]
to hit*tútuɦu, *-tukútúku, *-tuku, muutu, reobako, smízi
to holdtiarpoxə, tieópʉ[i]
to hunt*ʔaɬúpu, t-m-aseíti, tmasriti
to kill*-pacáyi, *-pačáž, opcoi, poh-
to know, be knowledgeable*vazáʔə, bochío, bocxio
to laugh*cawa, cócvo[i], cocvo
to lie downoevói
to live, be alive*-ʔučípi, eansoúa, raansou
to open, uncovermaávo, maavo, paávi
to plant*-lə́mə́kə, emʉ́a, emʉ́mʔʉ, məmʔə, tmuxcu
to pound, beatzotpúu[i], zotpuʔu
to saymaínca, mainca
to scratch*-karawu, misíʔsi, tuokoro
to see*-kíta, aíti, baíto, baito
to sew*-táʔíθi, *t-um-áʔiθi, t-m-éʔsi, tmeʔsi
to shoot*-(m)u-pánaʔə, *-pánáʔə, póno, pnáa, pono
to siteusúhŋu[i], rusuhŋu
to sleepoeŋʉ́tʉ, orŋətə
to sniff, smell*-valí, eéluʉ[i], redə
to spittmʉepósʉ[a], tmərposə
to splitaacʔóhu, apci
to squeezetispəcə, tvóeʉ
to stab, pierces-m-úeu, smuru
to standeácʉ[i], racʔə
to stealmeoʔroi, meoeói
to suckrespəcə
to swelleuoféoʉ, ruofroʔə
to swim*-ɬaŋužu, eu|húŋzu, ruxuŋzu
to thinkmáʔmi, toʔtohəŋə
to throwm-tokʉ, mtokə, toʔso
to tie up, fastenmaepoeísi, smorʔisi
to turnmiúnu[i], tmaykukuruŋu
to walkcoecónʉ[a], corconə
to vomitteabuto, travto
to workhióa, raahioa
to yawnroasau
Categories: Austronesian | Tsouic? | | Language

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