Languages

Udmurt

Fact corner

  • Language: Udmurt
  • Alternate names: votiak, udmurt, ud-murt, Wotiaki, votskij,
    Oudmourte (fra), Votiaco (spa), Votyak, udmurt kyl, Votjakisch,
    udmurty, Wotjakisch, udmurtskij jazyk, Votiak, Ari
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:udm
  • Language family: Uralic, Finno-Ugric, Finno-Permic, Permic
  • Number of speakers: 550,000 (Language use: Definitely Endangered)
  • Script: Cyrillic

Introduction

Source: -
Udmurt speaking areas in Russia

Udmurt is an Uralic language spoken by the Udmurt natives of the Russian constituent republic of Udmurtia, where it is coofficial with Russian. Most people are bilingual in Russian.

Udmurt is written in the Cyrillic script with five additional characters (Ӝ/ӝ, Ӟ/ӟ, Ӥ/ӥ, Ӧ/ӧ, and Ӵ/ӵ). Udmurt has borrowed vocabulary from the neighboring languages Tatar and Russian.

The Udmurt language has many features in common with other Finnic languages, such as the negative verb for example.

The verb

The Udmurt verbs are are conjugated in

  • 3 moods: indicative, conditional and imperative;
  • 4 tenses: present, future, and two past tenses. All four exist in indicative mood only;
  • 2 numbers: singular and plural; and
  • 3 persons.

Like in Finnish for example, verbs are negated by use of an auxiliary negative verb that conjugates with personal endings.

Sample verb

Sg.1кырӟасько 'I sing'уг кырӟаськы 'I do not sing'
Sg.2кырӟаськод 'you sing'уд кырӟаськы 'you do not sing'
Sg.3кырӟа 'he/she/it sings'уг кырӟа 'he/she/it does not sing'
Pl.1кырӟаськомы 'we sing'ум кырӟаське 'we do not sing'
Pl.2кырӟаськоды 'you sing'уд кырӟаське 'you do not sing'
Pl.3кырӟало 'they sing'уг кырӟало 'they do not sing'

References

  • Suihkonen, Pirkko et al. Udmurt-English-Finnish Dictionary with a basic grammar of Udmurt. Suomalais-ugrilainen seura. Vammala. 1995.

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