Languages

Ukrainian

Fact corner

Introduction

Ukrainian Language, one of the three East Slavic languages; the other two are Russian and Belorussian. It is now spoken throughout Ukraine, in parts of Poland and Slovakia, and by various groups in the United States, Canada, and elsewhere.

Of the three East Slavic languages, Ukrainian is farther from Russian than is Belorussian. Besides some details of word formation and syntax, Ukrainian has several vowel and consonant sounds that are absent from both Russian and Belorussian. It also shares certain sounds with Belorussian, however, and these two languages are linked by transitional dialects. Ukrainian language shares some vocabulary with the languages of the neighboring Slavic nations, most notably with Polish, Slovak in the West and Belarusan, Russian in the North and the East.. It is written with the Cyrillic alphabet.

History

Distinctive Ukrainian traits first appear in 12th-century manuscripts, becoming notably more pronounced in writings after the fall of Kyyiv in the 13th century. Modern literary Ukrainian developed from the colloquial language of the 17th and 18th centuries.

The verb

Verbs have:

  • 2 aspects: imperfective and perfective
  • 3 tenses: present/future, future, and past
  • 3 moods: indicative, imperative, conditional
  • 2 voices: active and middle/passive

Conjugate Ukrainian verbs at Verbix.com

Sample verb: нести

Present Past Future I Future II Imperative
Sg.1 несу нес (m) /

несла (f) / несло (n)

нестиму буду нести -
Sg.2 несеш нестимеш будеш нести несь!
Sg.3 несе нестиме буде нести хай несе! / нехай несе!
Pl.1 несемо несли нестимо будемо нести несьмо!
Pl.2 несете нестимете будете нести несьте!
Pl.3 несуть нестимуть будуть нести хай несуть! / нехай несуть!

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