Languages

Veps

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Introduction

The Veps language (also known as Vepsian), spoken by the Vepsians (also known as Veps), belongs to the Baltic-Finnic group of the Finno-Ugric languages.

The Veps live in the area between Lake Ladoga, Lake Onega (Änine), and White Lake or Lake Beloye (Valged’ärv, Белое Озеро) - in the Russian Republic of Karelia in the former Veps National Volost (the northern Veps dialect area), in Leningrad Oblast along the Oyat River in the Podporozhskii and Lodeinopolskii raions and further south in the Tikhvinskii raion (western parts of the Central Veps dialect area), in the Vytegorskii and Babayevo raions of the Vologda Oblast (eastern parts of the Central Veps dialect area), and in the Boksitogorskii raion of the Leningrad Oblast (southern Veps dialect area).

The verb

Sample verb antta 'to give'

Active

Present
minaandan
sinaandad
hänandab
andam
t´öandat
h´öanttaze
Preterite
minaande̮in
sinaande̮id
hänande̮i
ande̮im
t´öande̮it
h´öantt´ihe
Potential
minaannen
sinaanned
hänannob
annem
t´öannet
h´öanttane
Conditional
minaandaižin
sinaandaižid
hänandaiži
andaižim
t´öandaižit
h´öandaiži
Perfect
minaanni̮žin
sinaanni̮žid
hänanni̮ži
anni̮žim
t´öanni̮žit
h´öanni̮žihe
Perfect II
minaol´en annu
sinaol´ed annu
hänom annu
ol´em anttud
t´öol´et anttud
h´öoma anttud
Pluperfect
minaolin annu
sinaolid annu
hänoli annu
olim anttud
t´öolit anttud
h´öol´dhe anttud
Imperative
(sina)anda
(hän)ankha
(t´ö)ankam
(h´ö)anttagaha
Infinitives
I infinitive: nominativeantta
II infinitive: inessiveanttes
III infinitive: instructiveantte
III infinitive: inessiveandmas
III infinitive: elativeandmaspai
III infinitive: illativeandmaha
III infinitive: abessiveandmata
IV infinitive: nominativeandmińe
IV infinitive: partitiveandmištš
Participles
I participle: nominativeandai
I participle: genetiveandjan
II participle: nominative sgannu
II participle: nominative plannuded
II participle: genetive sgannuden
II participle: genetive plannužid´e
II participle: partitive sgannut
II participle: partitive plannužid

Passive

Tenses
Presentanttaze
Pastantt´ihe
Potentialanttane
Conditionalanttaiž
PerfectanttanIiz
Perfect IIom anttud
Pluperfectol´dhe anttud
Imperativeanttagahe
Passive participles
II participle: nominativeanttud
II participle: partitiveandhut

Reflexive

Present
minaandame̮i
sinaandate̮i
hänandaze
andame̮i
t´öandate̮i
h´öandaze
Preterite
minaanžime̮i
sinaanžite̮i
hänanžihe
anžime̮i
t´öanžite̮i
h´öanžihe
Conditional
minaandaižime̮i
sinaandaižite̮i
hänandaižihe
andaižime̮i
t´öandaižite̮i
h´öandaižihe
Perfect
minaanni̮ižime̮i
sinaandi̮ižite̮i
hänandi̮ižihe
anni̮ižime̮i
t´öandi̮ižite̮i
h´öandi̮ižihe
Perfect II
minaol´en annuze
sinaol´ed annuze
hänom annuze
ol´em annuze
t´öol´et annuze
h´öoma annuze
Pluperfect
minaolin annuze
sinaolid annuze
hänoli annuze
olim annuze
t´öolit annuze
h´öol´dhe annuze
Imperative
(sina)ande
(hän)ankahaze
(mö)ankamei
(t´ö)ankate̮i
(h´ö)ankahaze
Infinitives
I infinitiveandaze
II infinitiveandesaze
III infinitiveanmasaze
III infinitiveanmahaze
Participles
II Participleannuze

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