Verbs

Ndebele Verb List

Verb list sorted by Ndebele.

  • aba v.t. -- share; share out.
  • abela v.t. -- share; allot to; share among.
  • ahluka v.i. -- differ; become different.
  • ahlukana v.i. -- 1; differ from; get divided or parted from.
  • ahlukanisa v.t. -- 1; separate; divâde; detach. 2; adjudge a ca
  • ahlukanisela v.t. -- separate for; consecrate; dedicate; sanctify
  • ahlula v.t. -- beat; overcome; conquer.
  • ahluleka v.i. -- be overcome; fail; be unable.
  • ahlulela v.t. -- judge.
  • akhela v.t. -- build at; build for.
  • akhelana v.t. -- 1; build for one another. 2; build near one
  • ala v.t. & v.i. -- deny; refuse (alana: refuse one anoth
  • alela v.t. -- forbid; refuse.
  • aluka v.i.; v.t -- 1;v.i. go out to graze. 2; v.t.; plait; weave; k
  • ambula v.t. -- 1; uncover; reveal. 2; strip off.
  • amuka v.t. -- deprive; take away.
  • amukela v.t. -- accept; receive; welcome.
  • amukezelana v.t. -- pass or hand to one another; pass round.
  • anda v.i. -- 1; grow; increase; multiply; spread. 2; bec
  • andisa v.t. -- spread; increase; expand; multiply.
  • anela v.i -- 1; v.i.; become enough; become sufficient for. 2;
  • anelisa v.t. -- satisfy.
  • anga v.t. -- kiss.
  • anyisa v.i. -- suckle.
  • aphuka v.i. -- get broken; get broken off; get fractured.
  • aphula v.t. -- break; snap off; break law etc.; fracture.
  • azana v.i. -- 1; know one another; 2; like and respect one a
  • azisa v.t. -- acquaint make known v introduce; advertise i
  • ba v.i. -- be become.
  • baba v.i. -- be acrid; be bitter.
  • babala v.t. -- be intent upon.
  • babaza v.t. -- 1; admire; praise; 2; be surprised at; 3; do
  • babela v.t. -- burn off grass.
  • bala v.t. -- 1; read 2; count; reckon.
  • balaza v.i. -- leave marks behind.
  • baleka v.i. -- run away; flee.
  • balela v.t. -- count for; reckon against. v.i.: shine with
  • balisana v.i. -- reckon with one another settle with (accounts;etc)
  • bamba v.t. -- 1; catch; grip; grasp; hold; sieze; 2; arres
  • bambeka v.i. -- 1; be held; be in the grip of 2; be busy; be w
  • bambela v.t. -- 1; hold or grasp for 2; bambela inhliziyo=ha
  • bambelela v.t. -- 1; cleave to; cling to; hold fast to; persev
  • bambisa v.t. -- 1; pledge; 2; help.
  • banda v.t. -- chop wood.
  • bandakanya v.t. -- pin against; couple with.
  • bandezela v.t. -- crowd; press against.
  • bandlulula v.t. -- disown or reject (from the family or tribe); discriminate.
  • banga v.t. -- 1; cause something un-pleasant; stir up some
  • bangisana v.i. & v.t. -- rival; contend with one another.
  • bangula v.t. -- extract thorn.
  • basa v.t. -- kindle a fire.
  • baza v.t. -- carve wood; do carpentry.
  • bejela v.i. -- be determined to (in perf. e.g.; ubhejele uk
  • beka v.t. -- 1; place; put; 2; appoint to office; 3; belu
  • bekela v.t. -- 1; put in; put for; put by; store; 2; bekela
  • bekelela v.t. -- 1; heap up one on another; 2; store up for;
  • bekezela v.i. -- endure; have patience; be longsuffering.
  • beletha v.t. -- 1; give birth to a child; 2; carry child on
  • belethisa v.t. -- assist at a birth.
  • benga v.t. -- cut meat in strips.
  • benyezela v.i. -- flash; glint; reflect.
  • betha v.t. -- 1; beat; hit; strike (betha ikhwelo=whistle)
  • bethana v i. -- clash; collide.
  • bethela v.t. -- 1; hammer in; 2; crucify.
  • bhaca v.i. -- hide.
  • bhacaza v.t. -- squelch in mud.
  • bhaceka v.i. -- begin to bear (of mealies).
  • bhada v.t. -- 1; plaster (walls); 2; plate with metal.
  • bhadala v.t. -- pay wages; pay money.
  • bhadalaza v.t. -- improvise.
  • bhadazela v.i. -- flounder (in speech or in action).
  • bhadlaza v.t. -- say something blantly.
  • bhaha v.i. -- spread; become plentiful (of destructive insects; etc.)
  • bhajwa v.pass. -- get stuck (as of vehicle in river etc.).
  • bhala v.t. -- write.
  • bhansula v.t. -- strike gently; pat.
  • bhaphathiza v.t. -- baptise.
  • bhaqa v.t. -- pierce the rolling target in the game called
  • bhavuma v.i -- growl.
  • bhaxula v.t. -- strike with a flexible object; whip.
  • bhazalala v.i. -- lie down flat; sprawl out .
  • bhazuka v.i. -- break away from (as one separating from a group)
  • bhebha v.i. -- blaze; flaine; burn up.
  • bhebheza v.t. -- fan up flames.
  • bheda v.i. -- talk nonsense; talk wildly.
  • bheja v.i; v.t. -- bet.
  • bhema v.t. & v.i. -- 1; smoke tobacco; 2; take snuff.
  • bhemisa v.t. -- 1; give snuff; 2; give a whiff of the pipe b
  • bhensa v.i. -- bend inwards (of the back as due to load; et
  • bhewuka v.i. -- overturn.
  • bhibhidla v.i. -- suppurate; fester.
  • bhidlika v.i. -- fall down; subside; become demolished (of wa
  • bhidliza v.t. -- demolish; throw down smash.
  • bhija v.t. -- drink to the dregs.
  • bhilikica v.t. -- touch or hold with dirty hands.
  • bhinqika v.i. -- wriggle; writhe; squirm.
  • bhoboka v.i. -- 1; break up (of clouds); 2; get pierced or p
  • bhoboza v.t. -- 1; break through; 2; pierce; puncture.
  • bhoda v.i.;v.t. -- go round.
  • bhodabhoda v.i.;v.t. -- wind about.
  • bhodla v.i.;v.t. -- belch up wind; break wind.
  • bhola v.t. -- drill a hole.
  • bhonga v.i. -- grunt; roar.
  • bhonsa v.i. -- low (of cattle).
  • bhonxula v.t. -- wrench of; break off at a joint (as maize co
  • bhotsha v.i.;v.t. -- excrete.
  • bhubha v.i. -- perish; die.
  • bhubhisa v.t. -- destroy (pass. bhujiswa).
  • bhubhudla v.i. -- foam; throw up foam (as sea); froth.
  • bhuda v.i. -- talk rashly.
  • bhudluza v.t. -- break into small pieces; crumble.
  • bhudula v.t. -- search minutely.
  • bhukuda v.t. -- stab.
  • bhukutsha v.i. -- play in water.
  • bhula v.t. -- 1; thresh; stamp corn; 2; divine. enclose.
  • bhumbuthela v.t. -- put too much; be wasteful with (as salt; wat
  • bhuqa v.t -- 1; destroy completely; devastate; 2; harrow.
  • bhuquza v.t. -- kick up dust.
  • bihla v.i. -- shed tears silently.
  • bika v.t. -- announce; report.
  • bikezela v.i.;v.t. -- foretale 1; . prophesy.
  • bila v.i. -- boil. bubble.
  • bilisa v.t. -- boil.
  • binda v.t. -- throw (in wrestling).
  • bindana v.i. -- wrestle.
  • bingelela v.t. -- greet.
  • binya v.i. -- writhe.
  • binyizela v.i. -- wriggle about.
  • bipha v.i. -- look annoyed or downcast.
  • biya v.t. -- fence; mmon; 2; name; give a name to; 3 biza
  • biza v.t. -- 1; call; suisi-bhulo (isi›'izi): threshing s
  • bobotheka v.i. -- smile.
  • bohla v.i. -- subside.
  • bola v.i. -- decay; rot.
  • boleka v.t. -- l; borrow (with loc.); 2; lend.
  • bona v.t. -- l; see; 2; perceive; understand.
  • bonakala v.i. -- 1; appear; be visible; 2; be clear; be evide
  • bonakalisa v.t. -- demonstrate; show; reveal; disclose.
  • bonda v.t. -- stir; stir up; mix; mash.
  • bonela v.t. -- 1; take care of; 2; take greetings to; 3; co
  • bonelela v.t. -- treat leniently.
  • bonga v.t. -- 1; appreciate; thank; give thanks; 2; praise
  • bonisa v.t. -- 1; cause to see; show; 2; oversee; administe
  • bopha v.t. -- 1; bind; fasten; tie 2; arrest.
  • bophela v.t. -- 1; hang (by neck); 2; harnessl inspan.
  • botoka v.i. -- be soft when felt with fingers.
  • botoza v.t. -- feel gently with fingers; palpate.
  • bovula v.i. -- bellow excitedly
  • bubula v.i. -- groan; moan; sigh.
  • buka v t. -- admire; look at with admiration; gaze at.
  • bukeka v.i. -- be attractive; be admirable be niì to look a
  • bukela v.t. -- watch (something happening)
  • bukeza v.t. -- 1; refine grain ready for making beer; 2; do
  • bulala v.t. -- 1; murder; kill; 2; break to pieìs; 3; destr
  • bulunga v.t. -- shape round (as knob on stick).
  • bumba v.t. -- mould; make with clay
  • buna v.i. -- fade; droop.
  • bungaza v.i. -- gather around.
  • busa v.t. & v.i. -- 1; rule; reign; 2; be well off and co
  • busisa v.t. -- bless.
  • butha v.t. -- collect; gather.
  • buthana v.i. -- assemble; gather together.
  • buyela v.i. -- go back to; return to.
  • buyisa v.t. -- 1; bring back (here); send back (here); retu
  • buyisana v.i. -- be reconciled wiäh.
  • buyisela v.t. -- 1; take back (there); send back (there); ret
  • buza v.t. -- ask a question; question.
  • buzisisa v.t. -- enquire carefully.
  • caba v.t. -- 1; clear trees; etc. (to build); set up one'
  • cabanga v.t. -- think.
  • caca v.i. -- become clear; obvious. bcacada; v.t.: shell
  • cacada v.t. -- shell nuts.
  • caka v.i. -- bccome thin; become emaciated.
  • cambalala v.i. -- lie down (stretched out). ocanda; v.r.: cut
  • canda v.t. -- cut up into portions.
  • candula v.t -- 1; recondition iron instrument; 2; refresh.
  • canduleka v.i. -- 1; become renewed or rejuvenated; 2; get rec
  • caphuka v.i. -- get angry; get annoyed.
  • caphula v.t. -- offend a person; annoy. Zcaphuna; v.t.: scoo
  • casuka v.i. -- become nauseated.
  • casula v.t. -- nauseate.
  • cathama v.i. -- crouch down to hide.
  • cathamela v.i. -- crouch down in hiding and wait for; ambush.
  • cathula v.i. -- toddle (as a child).
  • catsha v.i. -- hide.
  • ceba v.t. -- 1; give away; accuse; inform against; 2; plo
  • cebisana v.i -- plot or conspire together.
  • ceca v.i. -- be adorned; wear ornaments.
  • cecisa v.t. -- adorn; beautify; decorate.
  • cela v.t. -- ask for; request.
  • cenga v.t. -- strain; purify liquid.
  • cengeka v.i. -- become clear or pure (of liquid).
  • centa v.t. -- clear away (grass; scrub; etc.).
  • cethula v.i. -- get clear (sky).
  • ceza v.t. -- 1; go round; bypass; skirt; 2; go on a
  • cezuka v.i. -- get chipped off; get split (of hard substanc
  • cezula v.t. -- chip off; split (of hard suS stance); break
  • chachamba v.i. -- 1; make noise of crackling crackle 2; burst
  • chama v.i; v.t. -- urinate.
  • chamisela v.t. -- hatch.
  • chamusela v.t. -- hatch.
  • chapha v.t. -- cross over; ford
  • chaphakela v.i. -- splash on to.
  • chaphazela v.t. -- splash on to.
  • chasisa v.t. -- explain; clarify.
  • chasisela v.t. -- explain for; interpret.
  • chathaza v.t. -- serve or pour out in small amounts.
  • chatheka v.t. -- pour out; serve out.
  • chaya v.t. -- 1; spread out to dry; 2; spread cut in open;
  • chaza v.t. -- explain.
  • chela v.t. -- sprinkle.
  • chelesa v.i. -- be comfortable; be happy; live at ease.
  • chinsa v.t. -- 1; . eat of first fruits (done ceremonially
  • chitha v.t. -- 1; abolish; ann;ihilate; destroy; 2; scatter
  • chitheka v.i. -- 1; get scattered; 2; spill overflow; 3; beco
  • choboza v.t. -- crush. chola; v.t.: grind finely.
  • chophelela v.i. -- persevere; persist.
  • chothoza v.t. -- critioise; backbite.
  • chuma v.i -- become civil; become mild; become polite; bec
  • chwaya v.t. -- sound out; test.
  • ciba v.t. -- hurl sharp weapon; hurl sharp weapon at.
  • cibikeza v.t. -- squash.
  • cibiza v.t. -- squash.
  • cimeza v.t. -- close eyes tightly.
  • cina v.i.;v.t. -- end; terminate; stop.
  • cindezela v.t. -- 1; press; press against; 2; compel; force; o
  • cinga v.t. -- 1; look for 2; examine.
  • cocobisa v.i. -- remain quiet; restrained.
  • cola v.t. -- give feast in honour of.
  • coleka v.i. -- become fine; pure.
  • comba v.t. -- mark with a spot.
  • cotsha v.i.;v.t. -- pick up with beak; peck at.
  • cuba v.i. -- starve to death (of animals).
  • cuba v.t. -- mix with water and knead with hands.
  • cubuka v.i. -- get squashed.
  • cubungula v.t. -- pick out carefully (as some seeds from other
  • cubuza v.t. -- squash.
  • cuca v.t. -- deprive another (by continually borrowing or
  • cunuka v.i. -- get disgusted.
  • cunula v.t. -- disgust; nauseate.
  • cupha v.t. -- take out (a fefiv from many).
  • cutha v.t. -- pluck feathers.
  • cuya v.t. -- cut ofl small pieces (as flesh).
  • cwayiza v.t. -- blink; wink.
  • cwazima v.i. -- flash. swazimuia; v.i.: shine brightly; glis
  • cwazimula v.i. -- shine brightly; glisten; glitter.
  • cweba v.i. -- become clear or pure (of water).
  • cwenga v.t. -- strain.
  • cwethula v.i. -- get clear (of sky). swila; v.i.: sink into;
  • cwila v.i. -- sink into; dive into.
  • cwilisa v.t. -- dip; sirik; p!unge.
  • dabuka v.i. -- 1; get torn; get split; get craciced; 2; bec
  • dabukisa v.t. -- grieve.
  • dabula v.t. -- 1; tear. split; crack; 2; saw through 3; crc
  • dabulela v.t. -- 1; break up a crowd; send people away; dismi
  • dakisa v.t. -- make drunk.
  • dakwa v.i. -- be drunk.
  • dala v.t. -- create.
  • dalula v.t. -- expose.
  • damba v.i. -- 1; subside; go down; 2; be calmed.
  • dambisa v.t. -- 1; cause to go down; 2; calm; soothe.
  • damuka v.i. -- break up; disperse (of clouds).
  • dana v.i. -- become disappointed; become sad; become deje
  • dandalaza v.i. -- come into view; come into the open.
  • dangala v.i. -- become dejected; become depressed in spirit.
  • dangalaza v.i. -- be astride; sit astride stand astride.
  • danisa v.t. -- sadden; disappoint; depress; discourage.
  • daxazela v.i. -- make squelching noise.
  • daya v.t. -- roll along.
  • dayizela v.i. -- stagger (as a drunkard).
  • daza v.t. -- split down; cut in strips.
  • dazuka v.i. -- get split down.
  • dazula v.t. -- split down.
  • dazuluka v.i. -- cry or shriek with pain.
  • deda v.i. -- 1; die down (of flames or fire) 2; get out o
  • dedesa v.i. -- cry often (with no apparent reason).
  • dela v.i. -- 1; become satisfied 2; abandon; give up; los
  • delela v.t. -- despise; scorn.
  • deleleka v.i. -- become contemptible.
  • dembesela v.i. -- act in a careless or lazy way.
  • depha v.i. -- become deep; grow tall or long.
  • dibana v.i. -- get mixed.
  • dibanisa v.t. -- mix.
  • dida v.t. -- confuse; baffle; mislead.
  • dideka v.i. -- become confused; become bafflcd.
  • didizela v.i. -- bustle about.
  • dikiza v.i. -- palpitate (of heart); twitch.
  • dilika v.i. -- fall down (of building; wall).
  • dilingana v.i. -- 1. become full or round (as of moon); 2; imbi
  • diliza v.t. -- destroy; pull down.
  • dinda v.t. -- 1; beat soundly; belabour; 2; stamp (as with
  • dindiliza v.i. -- lie stretched out.
  • dinga v.t. -- l; lookfor; seek; 2; miss; need.
  • dingeka v.i. -- be missing; be needful; be necessary.
  • dinisa v.t. -- tire.
  • dinsila v.t. -- throw down heavily (as a load).
  • dinwa v.i. -- get tired
  • ditshizela v.i. -- walk heavily. u-diwo (ulu/ izin): small clay
  • dlala v.i. & v.t. -- play; play about.
  • dlalisa v.t. -- amuse; cause to play; play with (a ball; etc).
  • dlavuza v.t. -- make tatters; tear to tatters.
  • dlelana v.i. -- bc friendly.
  • dlelezela v.t. -- cheat; defraud.
  • dlephula v.t. -- scratch; tear (with nails; claws; etc.).
  • dlephuna v.t. -- scratch; tear (with nails; claws; etc.).
  • dlisa v.t. -- l; poison; 2; cause to eat.
  • dlova v.t. -- attack roughly.
  • dlubulunda. v.i. -- break free of control.
  • dlukuza v.t. -- jerk violently; jolt.
  • dlula v.t. -- 1; pass by; pass; 2; exceed; surpass; 3; pas
  • dlulisa v.t. -- send past.
  • dlulisela v.t. -- send forward; appeal to.
  • dlwengula v.t. -- rape; ravish.
  • dobha v.t. -- pick up.
  • donda v.i. -- delay; be slow (on purpose); dawdle.
  • dondobala v.i. -- grow weak (due to age; sickness).
  • dondolozela v.i. -- go along with aid of staff.
  • donsa v.t. -- 1; draw; drag; pull; haul; 2; attract; 3; le
  • duba v.t. -- afflict; annoy; trouble; worry.
  • dubeka v.i. -- become troubled
  • duda v.t. -- rouse or excite passion.
  • dudaza v.t. -- comfort; console.
  • dudula v.t. -- push back; repel.
  • duha v.i -- go astray; stray.
  • duhisa v.t. -- kad astray.
  • dukluza v.t. -- 1; hit hard on something; 2; Jab.
  • dula v.i. -- be expensive.
  • duma v.i. -- 1; thunder; rumble; 2; become famous.
  • dumala v.i. -- become dejected; become depressed.
  • dumaza v.t. -- 1; dishonour; 2; disapponit.
  • dumela v.t. -- attack; rush at; kap at.
  • dumisa v.t. -- 1; adore; praise; worship honour; glorify; 2
  • dundubala v.i. -- arrive at the summit; come to the top
  • dunga v.t. -- agitate liquid; stir up mud (from the bottom
  • dungulula v.t. -- disturb.
  • dutshuza v.t. -- hit hard; hit with fist
  • dweba v.t. -- draw; draw lines
  • eba v.t. -- steal.
  • eboleka v.t. -- 1; borrow (with loe); 2; lend.
  • ebuka v.i. -- get stripped off; get peeled off.
  • ebula v.t. -- peel off (bark; fibre; vegetables; ete.).
  • ehla v.i;v.t. -- come down; go down desìnd.
  • ehlela v.t. & v.i. -- 1; come down to; go down to; alight u
  • ehlelwa v.i. -- experienee (N.B.: ehlelwa liphupho=fall into
  • ehlika v.i. -- come down off; dismount disembark.
  • ehlisa v.t. -- 1; abase; bring down; put down; lower; 2; gi
  • ejwayela v.t. -- get aecustomed to; get used to; do habituall
  • ejwayeleka v.i. -- become customary.
  • ejwayeza v.t. -- accustom; familiarise. da; v.t.: winnow.
  • ela v.t. -- winnow.
  • elama v.t. -- follow in order of birth or rank.
  • elapha v.t. -- treat medieally; cure.
  • eleka v.t -- 1; add on to; add more; 2; suppo -elekelela;
  • elula v.t. -- stretch out hand; arm or leg.
  • eluleka v.t. -- advise; put right.
  • emula v.i. -- begin to (as: begin to get pregnant; begin t
  • enaba v.i. -- lie on the back with legs out.
  • enama v.i -- be happy; be content.
  • enana v.i. -- retaliate.
  • enanisa v.t. -- pay back; pay in exchange.
  • enda v.i. -- marry; take a husband.
  • endisa v.t. -- marry off; give a girl in marriage.
  • endlaleka v.i -- be spread out.
  • endlula v.t. -- roll up (mat; bedding; ete.).
  • eneka v.t. -- air clothes; etc; ; air a grievance.
  • engama v.t. -- 1; hang over; lean over; 2; overawe.
  • engeza v.t. -- add on to; increase.
  • engezelela v.t. -- add on to.
  • engula v.t. -- remove scum; skim off.
  • enwaya v.t. -- scratch irritating place.
  • enyanya v.t. -- dislike very much.
  • enyanyeka v.i. -- be disgusting.
  • enyela v.i. -- 1; be dislocated; be sprained; 2; be diseont
  • enyisa v.t. -- suckle (of animals).
  • enyuka v.i. -- ascend.
  • enyula v.t. -- pick object out of water.
  • enza v.t. -- aceomplish; act; do; make.
  • enzakala v.i. -- get done; happen.
  • enzeka v.i. -- get done; happen (N.B.: kungenzeka=it can be
  • enzela v.t. -- do for another.
  • enzisisa v.t. -- do earnestly.
  • ephula v.t. -- remove pot from fire.
  • eqa v.t. & v.i. -- 1; jump; jump over; leap; bounce; hop
  • eqisa v.t. & v.i. -- 1; ; cause to jump; bounce; etc.; 2;
  • esaba v.i. & v.t. -- be afraid; fear.
  • esabeka v.i. -- be fearful; be terrible; be fierce.
  • esula v.t. -- wipe; wipe off; wipe out.
  • etha. v.t. -- pour milk through a funnel.
  • ethekela v.t. -- visit.
  • ethuka v.i. -- be frightened; be startled.
  • ethula v.t. -- offload; unload; take off.
  • ethusa v.t. -- frighten; startle.
  • ethwesa v.t. -- burden; load on to.
  • etsh'a v.i. -- go down; subside.
  • etsh'ata v.t. -- carry on shoulder.
  • etsh'isa v.t. -- ruminate; chew the cud.
  • eya v.t. -- look down upon; despise.
  • eyama v.i. -- lean on.
  • eyamisa v.t. -- lean on.
  • eyisa v.t. -- despise.
  • fa v.i. -- die; come to an end.
  • fafaza v.t. -- spray; sprinkle (water).
  • faka v.t. -- put in; put on.
  • fakaza v.i. & v.t. -- testify; witness; bear witness to.
  • famanga v.i. -- be fragile; break easily.
  • fana v.i. -- be like; resemble.
  • fanana v.i. -- be like; resemble.
  • fananisa v.t. -- liken to; compare with
  • fanela v.i. -- 1; become necessary (e.g. kufanele=it is necessary)
  • fanisa v.t. -- liken to; compare with.
  • faza v.t. -- spray; spurt.
  • feba v.i. -- commit adultery
  • feceka v.i. -- get bent over and broken.
  • feceza v.i. -- talk scandal.
  • feceza v.t. -- bend over and break; turn over (as edge of k
  • fehlezela v.i. -- walk with swagger.
  • feketha v.i. -- become speckled or spotted.
  • fela v.t. -- 1; die for; die at; 2; fela umona = be envio
  • felwa v.i. -- be bereaved of; lose through death.
  • feza v.t. -- accomplish. [foot; u-fezela (u/o): scorpion.
  • fica v.t. -- 1; come upon; catch up with; find 2; wink th
  • fihla v.t. -- hide (zifihla=hide oneself).
  • fihlakala v i. -- get hidden.
  • fihliza v.t. -- crush.
  • fika v.i. -- come; arrive; reach.
  • fikela v.t. -- befall.
  • filisa v.t. -- frustrate; confound
  • finya v.t. -- wipe or blow the nose.
  • finyela v.i. -- become short.
  • finyelela v.t. -- attain; reach; reach up to.
  • finyeza v.t. -- shorten.
  • fiphala v.i. -- cloud over; get cloudy; become dark or dim;
  • fiphaza v.t. -- darken; obscure.
  • fisa v.t. -- 1; wish; wish for; 2; cause to die.
  • fithizela v.t. -- press down (with hand; etc.).
  • fohla v.t. -- break through (fence; hedge; etc.); break do
  • fohlakala v.i. -- get smashed; get broken into.
  • fola v.i.;v.t. -- 1; drill; line up; 2; sniff; sniffup.
  • foma v.i. -- begin to bud; begin to put forth.
  • fuba v.i. -- 1; be half done; be half cooked; 2; be not f
  • fubisa v.t. -- interrupt another (before he has completed s
  • fudumala v.i. -- become warm; become sultry.
  • fudumeza v.t. -- warm up.
  • fuga v.t. -- push a cart; etc.
  • fuka v.t. -- earth up (as potatoes).
  • fukama v.i. -- 1; be broody; sit on eggs; 2; incubate.
  • fukamela v.t. -- 1; sit on eggs 2; shelter.
  • fukula v.t. -- lift heavy object.
  • fukuzela v.i. -- walk with clothes swinging about; walk with
  • fula v.t. -- gather green crops from field (for immediate
  • fulathela v.t. -- disregard; turn the back upon.
  • fulela v.t. -- cover up (wilh grass); thatch.
  • fumana v.t. -- find.
  • fumanisa v.t. -- find.
  • fumba v.t. -- throw down in a heap.
  • fumbatha v.t. -- clench the hand; hold in closed hand.
  • fumfusa v.i. -- begin to bud (as trees).
  • funa v.t. -- 1; desire; want; 2; seek. funa; conj.: lest.
  • funda v.t. -- 1; learn; 2; read.
  • fundisa v.t. -- teach; educate.
  • funeka v.i. -- be desirable.
  • funga v.t. -- swear by; take an oath; vow.
  • funza v.t. -- feed a child (with spoon; etc.)
  • fusa v.t. -- heat up (to faalitate removal of bark; mcali
  • futha v.t. -- 1; v.t.; suffocate; smother; pelt with many stones
  • futheka v.i. -- be keen; feel strong emotion (anger; etc.).
  • futhelana v.i. -- suffocate; become smothered.
  • fuya v.t. -- 1; own stock; rear animals; breed; 2; inheri
  • fuywa v.i. -- 1; be addicted to; 2; be domesticated.
  • fuza v.t. -- 1; be like; resemble (esp. of family likenes
  • gabaza v.i. -- talk thoughtlessly.
  • gabisa v.t. -- show conceit over.
  • gadla v.t. -- strike a hard blow.
  • gagasa v.i. -- stammer; stutter.
  • galula v.i. -- drown.
  • gama v.t. -- 1; catch; 2; interrupt speaker.
  • gamula v.t. -- chop down (earth; stones).
  • gana v.i. -- become betrothed; fall in love.
  • ganda v.t. -- pound; stamp.
  • gandela v.t. -- press down (earth; stones).
  • ganga v.i. -- act fooolishly; be mischievous.
  • gaqa v.i. -- crawl.
  • gaxa v.t. -- hang around the neck; place across the body
  • gaya v.t. -- grind corn.
  • gayeka v.i. -- be coarse (as unsifted corn).
  • gcama v.t. -- sew thatch.
  • gcika v.t. -- put leaves in a vessel (to prevent water spi
  • gcina v.t. -- keep; observe; preserve.
  • gcizelela v.i. -- repeat with emphasis.
  • gcoba v.t. -- 1; annoint oil; smear on (face or body); 2;
  • gcona v.t. -- 1; accuse wrongly; 2; ridicule; dishonour; s
  • gcwala v.i.;v.t. -- become full; fill up.
  • gcwalelwa v.pass. -- be prevented from crossing ( by a full river).
  • gcwalisa v.t. -- 1; fill; 2; fulfill.
  • gcwaliseka v.i. -- become fulfilled.
  • gcwiliza v.i. -- 1; bubble; 2; bob up and down; 3; splash.
  • gebenga v.i.;v.t. -- act lawlessly.
  • gebha v.t -- dig.
  • geca v.t. -- cut; cut at with a knife; knife.
  • gedezela v.i -- shake; tremble.
  • gedla v.i. -- grind or gnash teeth; make a grating noise.
  • gedleza v.i. -- rattle ( of wheel; etc.).
  • gela v.t. -- cut hair.
  • geleza v.i. -- flow freely.
  • genqeza v.i. -- clatter; rattle (as vessels; pots; wheels; e
  • -genquka v.i. -- get overturned.
  • genqula v.t. -- overturn invert.
  • geqa v.t. -- clean out calabash with pebbles and water.
  • geza v.t. -- wash (oneself); wash part of oneself.
  • gezisa v.t. -- wash.
  • gida v.i.;v.t. -- dance.
  • gidiza v.i. -- make noise with many feet.
  • giga v.t. -- stamp or pound corn.
  • gijima v.i.;v.t. -- run.
  • gijima v.i.;v.t. -- run.
  • gila v.t. -- do something unfavourable; act umpleeasantly.
  • ginqa v.i. -- perspire; sweat.
  • ginya v.t. -- absorb; swallow
  • giqa v.t. -- roll along.
  • giqika v.i. -- roll.
  • giya v.i. -- do war dance.
  • goba v.i.;v.t. -- bend; become bent.
  • gobeka v.i. -- become bent.
  • gobhoza v.i. -- spring; bubble up; flow.
  • gobisa v.t. -- bend.
  • godla v.t. -- 1; carry under the arm; 2; withhold; hold ba
  • godola v.i. -- cold; .feel the cold.
  • goduka v.i. -- 1; depart; go home; 2; die of old age being
  • gogeka v.i. -- become bent or rippled.
  • gola v.t. -- catch fish; insects; etc.
  • golomba v.t. -- 1; .provoke; 2; coax.
  • gombolozela v.t. -- encircle; surround.
  • gomela v.i. -- 1; swear; insist; 2; be near to death.
  • gomfa v.i. -- be bent.
  • gomonqa v.i. -- 1; hang upside down; 2; somersault.
  • gomonqisa v.t. -- hang pside down.
  • gona v.t. -- cuddle; hug; embrace
  • gongoda v.t. -- hammer; it repeatedly with stick or mallet;
  • gonyuluka v.i. -- retch.
  • goqa v.t. -- coil up; roll up; old over.
  • goqana v.i. -- become coiled; become coiled up; get folded
  • goqela v.t. -- roll up in; wrap up in.
  • goqoza v.i. -- rattle; clatter (as horns; as article in a t
  • goqoza v.t. -- stir to dissolve).
  • govula v.i. -- be gluttonous
  • gozobala v.i. -- sit restfully.
  • gqabhazela v.i.;v.t -- banter.
  • gqagqela v.t. -- surround.
  • gqansula v.t. -- break apart; break off; break in two.
  • gqekeza v.t. -- break into (e g.; a house).
  • gqiba v.t. -- 1; fill in a hole; bury; cover with soil 2;
  • gqibela v.t. -- fill in; ram in (soil in a hole); cover in w
  • gqigila v.t. -- butt (with head).
  • gqigqizela v.i. -- bustle about.
  • gqinsika v.i. -- fall down heavily.
  • gqinsila v.t. -- throw down heavily.
  • gqiza v.t. -- wear annlets; wear round he neck; wear ankle
  • gqokisa v.t. -- lothe another; put on another.
  • gubha v.t. -- 1; ask about; extract iþformation from; 2; c
  • gubuda v.t. -- turn upside down; turn over.
  • gubuzela v.t. -- cover up (in order to bide or protect).
  • gudla v.t. -- 1; rub against; 2; rub smooth; file..
  • gudluka v.i. -- move aside.
  • gudlula v.t. -- move to one side; move away.
  • gudula v.t. -- plaster walls
  • guga v.i. -- wear out; get worn- age.
  • gugisa v.t. -- wear out.
  • guguba v.i. -- lurk; hide secretly.
  • gula v.i;v.t. -- be ill; be sick; be unwell.
  • gunda v.t. -- clip hair; shear.
  • gungubala v.i. -- become bent; become curved.
  • guqa v.i. -- kneel; bend the knee.
  • guqula v.t. -- change; alter.
  • guxuza v.t. -- rub hard; wash hard.
  • gwala v.t. -- 1; write 2; fence with strong poles.
  • gwaqaza v.i. -- rattle; clatter (of horns when beasts are playing
  • gwaqela v.t. -- mix corn with water (first stage in beef mak
  • gwaza v.t. -- spear; stab.
  • gweba v.t. -- 1; judge law case; give Judgment; convict; 2
  • gwedla v.t. -- 1; paddle; row; 2; v.i.; move along in sitti
  • gwedluka v.i. -- move aside.
  • gwedlula v.t. -- move aside; move. egwa; v.t.: hook; catch on
  • gwegwa v.t. -- hook; catch on a hook.
  • gwenxa v.t. -- cause person to trip over his own legs.
  • gxagxaza v.i. -- leak a lot.
  • gxamuza v.t. -- immerse.
  • gxanguza v.t. -- do something incorrectly (as dance wrongly;
  • gxila v.i. -- be firmly planted; stand firm.
  • gxoba. v.t. -- crush; trample on.
  • gxoza v.t. -- dribble (of saliva).
  • gxuma v.i. -- leap; hop (as a frog).
  • gxumeka v.t. -- plant; plant out.
  • gxumukela v.i. -- go plop into water.
  • haba v.t. -- 1; do haphazardly; 2; confuse (with many que
  • habula v.t. -- sip; v.i.: catch a disease.
  • hahaba v.i. -- creep (as snake; etc.).
  • halada v.i. -- speak harshly (of parent to child).
  • halalisa v.t. -- spread to cover an area (as manure).
  • haluzela v.i. -- walk quickly.
  • hamba v.i. -- 1; go; go away; move; walk travel; flow (of
  • hambahamba v.t -- go about; wander.
  • hambaze v.i. -- go naked; be naked.
  • hambela v.t. -- 1; visit; 2; go to; go towards; 3; zihambela =
  • hambelana v.i. -- agree; be of one mind accord with; go togeth
  • hambisa v.t. -- cause to go; send away.
  • hanguka v.i. -- get scorched; get dried up by heat; dry up.
  • hangula v.t. -- dry up; scorch.
  • hanqa v.t. -- encircle; surround.
  • haqaza v.i.;v.t. -- 1; itch; irritate (caused by hairs of certai
  • haqazela v.t. -- scorch.
  • hasa v.t. -- raid.
  • hatshaza v.i. -- rustle.
  • hawukela v.t. -- 1; have mercy on; take pity on; 2; be jealou
  • hawula v.i. -- be moved with pity.
  • haya v.t. -- 1; compose a song; sing; 2; sing ill of anot
  • hayiza v.i. -- be a little bitter.
  • haza v.i. -- 1; murmur (of voices; engine etc.); 2; make
  • haza v.t. -- scatter seed.
  • hehezela v.i. -- pant.
  • helelwa v.i. -- be in labour; have labour pains.
  • heleza v.i. -- blow gently (of wind).
  • helisa v.t. -- arrange in order.
  • hibilizela v.t. -- eat soft foods; eat hurriedly. -hilela: 1; v
  • hitsha v.i. -- stick in the throat.
  • hitshela v.i.; v.t. -- 1; v.i.; get entangled; 2; v.t.; put loop over; la
  • hlaba v.t. -- 1; pierce; prick; puncture; gore; 2; slaught
  • hlabela v.t. & v.i. -- 1; sing; 2; sacrifice to/for.
  • hlabelela v t. & v .i. -- sing.
  • hlabusa v.i. -- be nice to taste; to hear; etc.
  • hlafuna v.t. -- chew; masticate.
  • hlahla v.t. -- 1; chop or cut up meat; bones; etc.; 2; cut
  • hlahluba v.t. -- divine.
  • hlakanipha v.i. -- become clever; become wise.
  • hlakaza v.t. -- 1; knock about; 2; scatter disarrange; 3; re
  • hlakazeka v.i. -- get scattered; get revealed.
  • hlakula v.t. -- hoe; cultivate with a hoe; scoffle.
  • hlala v.i. -- 1; remain; stay; wait; abide; dwell; ive 2;
  • hlalela v.t. -- wait for.
  • hlalisana v.i. -- live together peacefully.
  • hlaluka v.i. -- appear clearly; come into sight.
  • hlamba v.i. -- swim.
  • hlambaza v.t. -- abuse; blaspheme; revile.
  • hlambuluka v.i. -- become pure; become clean.
  • hlambulula v.t. -- clean; purify.
  • hlamuka v.i. -- desert; run away from; run amok; rebel.
  • hlanekela v.t. -- turn back-to-front; invert.
  • hlanekezeka v.i. -- 1; become inverted; 2; become misrepresented
  • hlanekezela v.t. -- 1; invert; turn inside out; 2; misrepresent.
  • hlanezeka v.i. -- become misrepresented.
  • hlanezela v.t. -- misrepresent.
  • hlangabeza v.t. -- go to meet.
  • hlangana v.i. -- 1; assemble; meet; 2; meet with; 3; join; un
  • hlanganisa v.t. -- 1; add together; join; unite; 2; assemble.
  • hlanganyela v.t. -- 1; act or do together in unison; 2; take par
  • hlangula v.t. -- assist; help; remove danger from.
  • hlanhlatha v.i. -- take a short cut; use an unbeaten track.
  • hlanya v.i. -- be mad.
  • hlanyela v.t. -- sow.
  • hlanza v.t. -- 1; clean; cleanse; wash; 2; vomit.
  • hlanzeka v.i. -- become clean.
  • hlasela v.t. -- go to war; invade; attack.
  • hlasimula v.i. -- twitch.
  • hlawula v.t. -- pay a fine; compensate.
  • hlawulisa v.t. -- fine.
  • hlayaza v.t. -- joke; jest.
  • hlaza v.t. -- dishonour; disgrace.
  • hlazuluka v.i. -- get separated; get divided.
  • hlazulula v.t. -- separate.
  • hleba v.t. -- talk evil about; slander.
  • hlehla v.i. -- withdraw; retreat.
  • hleka v.i.; v.t. -- 1; v.i.; laugh; 2; v.t.; laugh at; mock.
  • hlekisa v.t. -- 1; amuse; cause to augh; 2; laugh at; mock.
  • hlela v.t. -- array (as army); set an order; make imposing
  • hlelemba v.t. -- level; smooth.
  • hlenga v.t. -- 1; separate; 2; redeem; help 3; sift.
  • hlephuka v.t. -- get broken off.
  • hlephula v.t. -- break off a piece.
  • hlephuna v.t. -- break off a piece.
  • hlifiza v.t. -- crush.
  • hlihla v.i. -- froth over.
  • hlikihla v.t. -- rub; ub in.
  • hlikiza v.t. -- 1; ravage; scatter; 2; pull to pieces.
  • hlinza v.t. -- 1; cut open; operate; 2; flay; skin.
  • hloba v.i. -- 1; become curdled; go sour 2; adorn oneself.
  • hlobonga v.i. -- have sexual intercourse.
  • hlohla v.t. -- 1; ram in; pack in (as grain n a sack); 2; l
  • hlokoma v.i. -- make rumbling noise.
  • hlokoza v.t. -- poke.
  • hlola v.t. -- 1; examine; inspect; test; 2; ; search a per
  • hloma v.i; v.t. -- 1; v.i; arm for war; gather together of clouds fer
  • hlomela v.i. -- prepare or arm for war.
  • hlomula v.t. -- finish off wounded animal.
  • hlonipha v.t. -- be courteous to; respect.
  • hlosa v.t. -- aim
  • hlubuka v.i. -- 1; v.i.; get stripped off; get uncovered 2; v.t.;
  • hlubula v.t. -- strip off; undress; uncover.
  • hlukuluza v.t. -- annoy; jolt; intimidate.
  • hlukuza v.t. -- 1; shake (to mix); 2; convulse.
  • hlulukelwa v.i. -- be sad.
  • hluma v.i. -- sprout
  • hlumelela v.t. -- give new life.
  • hlunga v.t. -- bewitch.
  • hlungula v.t. -- sift; winnow.
  • hlupha v.t. -- afflict; annoy; torment; trouble; worry; ers
  • hlupheka v.i. -- be afflicted; be roubled be anxious; be dist
  • hluthuka v.i. -- get plucked out.
  • hluthula v.t. -- 1; snatch; 2; pluck out.
  • hluthuna v.t. -- 1; snatch; 2; pluck out.
  • hluza v.t. -- 1; squash fruit; squeeze out juice; 2; strai
  • hluzuka v.i. -- get grazed; wounded.
  • hluzula v.t. -- graze; wound.
  • hlwa v.i. -- become dark (at evening) (sekuhlwile=it is e
  • hola v.t. -- 1; drag; haul; 2; lead; 3; draw pay; earn.
  • holisa v.t. -- pay wages.
  • holoba v.i. -- rumble; babble.
  • honqa v.t. -- make a screen or shelter (with bushes; etc.)
  • hoqa v.i. -- snore; purr.
  • hotsha v.t. -- pull out; draw out.
  • hotshuka v.i. -- come out; get pulled out
  • hotshula v.t. -- pull out; thin out.
  • hoza v.t. -- jeer at.
  • huba v.i. -- 1; move on stomach (as snake); 2; make noise
  • huba v.i. & v.t. -- sing; chant.
  • hubula v.t. -- suck up liquid (with the mouth).
  • huda v.i.;v.t. -- have diarrhoea (huda igazi= pass blood).
  • hudisa v.t. -- give laxative.
  • hudula v.t. -- drag; drag along.
  • huga v.t. -- allure; entice.
  • hulula v.t. -- shell ealies.
  • huma v.t. -- do a thing much; do for a long ime. bumutsba
  • humutsha v.t. -- allure; entice; seduce.
  • hungaza v.i. -- spread rumours; divulge news before it is ma
  • huqa v.t. -- grease.
  • huquluza v.t. -- take or appropriate everything.
  • huquzela v.i. -- creep (as snake; insect; tc.).
  • hutshuka v.i. -- - slip off (as beads off a tring).
  • hwabha v.i. -- 1; hiss; 2; speak gruffly; snarl.
  • hwalala v.i. -- become dark (at evening).
  • hwama v.i -- be half dry.
  • hwaqa v.i. -- frown.
  • hwatsha v.t. -- draw out (of scabbard)
  • hwaya v.t. -- scrape.
  • hweba v.t. -- trade.
  • hweda v.i. -- walk pompously; walk arrogantly.person.
  • hwitha v.t. -- snatch; snatch away.
  • jabula v.i. -- rejoice; be happy.
  • jaha v.i.;v.t. -- go quickly; race.
  • jama v.i. -- look fiercely; stand at bay.
  • jamela v.t. -- frown fiercely at.
  • janqula v.i. -- run about gaily.
  • jezisa v.t. -- punish.
  • jibuluka v.i. -- spring ack; rebound.
  • jibuqa v.i. -- jump down rom.
  • jika v.i.;v.t. -- 1; go round; take a corner; 2; swing.
  • jikijela v.t. -- throw; hurl at; hurl.
  • jikisa v.t. -- swing; cause to swing umjiko (um): 1; a swin
  • jila v.i. -- be obstinate; be stubborn.
  • jinga v.t. -- do frequently; do continuously.
  • jiya v.i. -- get thick.
  • jiyela v.i. -- be frustrated; be hampered.
  • jiyeza v.t. -- frustrate; hamper.
  • joloza v.i. -- gaze.
  • jolozela v.t. -- gaze intently at.
  • jonga v.t. -- aim
  • juja v.t. -- goad; prick.
  • jujumezela v.t. -- monopolise (in iscus-slon; etc.).
  • jula v.i. -- 1; go deep; be deep; 2; be profound.
  • juluka v.i. -- perspire; sweat.
  • juma v.t. -- 1; attack a person off his guard; take by su
  • juqa v.t. -- kill outright; fell with one blow.
  • juquka v.i. -- get broken off; get severed.
  • juqula v.t. -- break off; sever.
  • jwabula v.t. -- tear meat from a hide.
  • kama v.t. -- comb
  • kekela v.i. -- sing (esp. of women).
  • kha v.t. -- 1; draw water; 2; pick fruit flowers.
  • khaba v.t. -- kick.
  • khafula v.t. -- spit; spit out.
  • khahlameza v.t. -- bully; treat roughly shout at.
  • khakhamezela v.t. -- rush upon; charge at.
  • khala v.i.v.t. -- 1; make noise or sound (of any creature); 2; make
  • khalakathela v.i. -- fall headlong into.
  • khalala v.t. -- spurn; reject.
  • khalaza v.t. -- beg; ask for; complain.
  • khalela v.t. -- 1; cry for; mourn for; sympathise; 2; lead i
  • khalimela v.t. -- admonish; reprove; scold.
  • khalipha v.i. -- 1; be bold; 2; be sharp (of edge); 3; be sma
  • khalisa v.t. -- 1; make noise or sound (of musical instrument
  • khama v.t. -- choke; squeeze (the throat; a wound; etc.);wring.
  • khanda v.t. -- 1; beat metal; forge; 2; pelt hit with missi
  • khandana v.i. -- 1; knock up against one another; meet unexpe
  • khanga v.t. -- attract admiration; attract respect; attract
  • khangela v.t. -- look at; behold.
  • khangeleka v.i. -- look as; look like (e.g. look silly; look att
  • khangeza v.t. -- hold out both hands to receive.
  • khangula v.t. -- 1; arouse a desire for; 2; . use new vessel.
  • khankasa v.i. -- move in a semi-circle (when stalking).
  • khanuka v.t. -- desire strongly; lust after.
  • khanula v.i. -- strain oneself.
  • khanya v.i. -- 1; shine; belight; glow; 2; be dear; be dist
  • khanyisa v.t. -- brighten; cause to shine flash; enlighten; e
  • khanzinga v.t. -- roast (esp. in a pot).
  • khaphaza v.t. & v.i. -- splash in a big way spill.
  • khasa v.i. -- crawl.
  • khathala v.i. -- 1; become troubled; become weary; 2; have re
  • khathalela v.t. -- 1; become troubled about; 2; are much about
  • khathaza v.t. -- afflict; annoy; trouble; worry; tire; weary.
  • khawulela v.t. -- reach as far as; reach up to
  • khawuleza v.i. -- hurry.
  • khazimula v.i. -- be bright; shine; sparkle.
  • khefuzela v.i. -- pant.
  • khehla v.t. -- wear manÍs headring.
  • khehlezela v.i. -- rattle.
  • khenceza v.i. -- jingle; tinkle.
  • khephuza v.t. -- cut out a portion or part.
  • khesa v.t. -- belittle; disparage.
  • khetha v.t. -- 1; choose; prefer; select; elect; 2; vote; 3
  • khewuka/-khewula v.i. & v.t. -- break off.
  • khihlika v.i. -- foam.
  • khihliza v.t. -- make foam or froth; foam at the mouth (khihliza am
  • khilikithela v.i. -- fall headlong into.
  • khina v.t. -- tie legs of animal.
  • khithika v.i. -- fall (as leaves fruit; etc.).
  • khithiza v.t. -- cause to fall (ieaves; etc.)
  • khiya v.t. -- lock.
  • khiza v.i. -- drizzle; rain slightly.
  • khoca v.t. -- drain; drink to dregs.
  • khohlakala v.i. -- 1; get forgotten; 2; get corrupted.
  • khohlisa v.t. -- deceive; cheat.
  • khohlwa v.t. -- forget.
  • khokha v.t. -- 1; draw out (knife; word) 2; pull out one from oth
  • khokhela v.t. -- 1; lead; 2; pay wages.
  • khokhoba v.i. -- walk with a stoop; stoop (as ld person).
  • kholwa v.t. -- 1; believe; believe in; trust have faith; 2;
  • khombisa v.t. -- court a girl.
  • khongozela v.t. -- 1; hold out both hands to receive; 2; place
  • khonkotha v.i.;v.t -- bark.
  • khonona v.i. -- 1; be discontented; complain; grumble; 2; ha
  • khonya v.i. -- bellow.
  • khotha v.t. -- lick.
  • khothama v.i. -- bow; bow down; stoop.
  • khothamela v.t. -- bow down to; reverence; give allegiance to.
  • khothamisa v.t. -- bow; bow down.
  • khuba v.t. -- offend; cause to stumble.
  • khubeka v.i. -- stumble.
  • khubekisa v.t. -- 1; cause to stumble; trip up 2; scandalise.
  • khubula v.t. -- cultivate in a part; or parts; of a field.
  • khucula v.t. -- sweep up (water); scrape up; rake ogether.
  • khudumala v.i. -- become warm; become humid.
  • khudumeza v.t. -- warm up.
  • khuhla v.t. -- rub hard (as with a stone). tan hides.
  • khuhluza v.t. -- 1; rub off (as the skin); 2; shake (to clean
  • khukhula v.t. -- sweep away or carry away (esp. by water)
  • khukhumala v.i. -- 1; swell up-become puffed up; ;ise up (as do
  • khukhumeza v.t. -- 1; make a person swell (with pride); 2; zikh
  • khukhuza v.t. -- pick clean (as a bone); scrape lean.
  • khula v.i. -- grow; grow up; grow big; mature.
  • khuleka v.i; v.t. -- 1; v.i.; pray; request; 2; v.t.; bind; tie up to;
  • khulela v.t. -- be too much for.
  • khulelwa v.i. -- become pregnant.
  • khulisa v.t. -- 1; cause to grow; enlarge; magnify; exaggera
  • khulula v.t. -- deliver ; set free; unloose.
  • khululeka v.i. -- become free; become delivered of child). uku
  • khuluma v.i.;v.t. -- talk; speak; discuss.
  • khulumela v.t. -- speak for; plead for another.
  • khulumisana v.i. -- discuss together; talk with one nother.
  • khuluphala v.i. -- become fat and sleek.
  • khuma v.t. -- eat crumbly; dry food.
  • khumbula v.i. -- 1; remember; 2; think; think of.
  • khumbuza v.t. -- remind.
  • khumuka v.i. -- come off (as axe head); come out (as a tooth
  • khumula v.t. -- 1; extract something firm (as nail; tooth; etc)
  • khunga v.t. -- 1; give a gift (at wedding; at age of pubert
  • khunta v.i. -- go mouldy.
  • khupha v.t. -- 1; take out; take off (clothes); give out; e
  • khuphuka v.i. -- 1; ascend; 2; be promoted 3; depart.
  • khuphukisa v.t. -- 1; cause to go up; send up; take up from; 2;
  • khuphula v.t. -- 1; bring up; raise up from; hoist; 2; promot
  • khuphulula v.t. -- 1; lift; lift up; raise; 2; bring to light; discov
  • khusela v.t. -- 1; support; encourage; 2; shelter.
  • khutha v.t. -- miss the mark.
  • khuthala v.i. -- be busy; be industrious; be diligent; be ste
  • khuthalela v.i.;v.t. -- be steadfast in; be diligent in.
  • khuthaza v.t. -- enthuse; encourage.
  • khuthazela v.i. -- persevere.
  • khuthuza v.t. -- steal from; rob a person.
  • khuza v.i; v.t. -- 1; v.i.; cry out; shout aloud; 2; v.t.; rebuke sco
  • khwabitha v.t. -- desire ardently.
  • khwaza v.i. -- make heavy rumbling noise.
  • khwehlela v.i.;v.t -- cough.
  • khwela v.t. -- 1; ascend; climb; mount; 2; mount; ride; 3 mate
  • khweleza v.i. -- be sexually jealous.
  • khwelezela v.i. -- hitch up.
  • khwelisa v.t. -- 1; go pstream; 2; cause to go up.
  • khwenyeza v.i. -- hop on one leg.
  • khwexula v.t. -- break (as maize cob off the stalk); break with a w
  • khweza v.t. -- raise.
  • khwezela v.t. -- stoke the fire.
  • khwica v.t. -- gird; put round the waist.
  • khwifa v.t. -- squirt from mouth.
  • khwitshizela v.i. -- bustle about; be in a commotion.
  • khwixila v.t. -- jerk on the reins; hit; hip.
  • kikizela v.i. -- cry out joyfully (as women at a dance).
  • kiliza v.i.;v.t. -- speak imperfectly (as not knowing the language
  • klabalala v.i. -- shout loudly; cry loudly; shriek.
  • klawuza v.t. -- chew crispy food (as sweet reed; etc.).
  • klaya v.t. -- cut into slices or strips; score ith a knife
  • klaza v.i. -- sing (esp. of bridal party).
  • klebha v.t. -- rip open; tear (with sharp point.
  • klebhuka v.i. -- get torn or ripped.
  • klebhula v.t. -- rip open (with sharp point; nail; etc.).
  • klekla v.t. -- pierce hole in the ear.
  • kleza v.i. -- drink straight from a cow.
  • klinya v.t. -- sieze tightly; strangle.
  • kloloda v.t. -- deride; mock; jeer at.
  • klwebuza v.t. -- crack a whip.
  • kopela v.t. -- button.
  • kopola v.t. -- peck at.
  • kopuluka v.i. -- come unbuttoned; come undone.
  • kopulula v.t. -- unbutton; undo.
  • kotsh'oza v.t. -- pump up and down.
  • kulufela v.t. -- screw; screw up.
  • kwejisa v.i. -- pass the time with idle chatter (esp. in evening
  • lagisa v.t. -- send cattle to grazing place.
  • lahla v.t. -- 1; throw away; 2; lose; 3; bury; 4; condemn;
  • lahleka v.i. -- get lost. N.B.: lahlekelwa = lose.)
  • lala v.i. -- 1; lie down 2; go to sleep; be asieep in per
  • lalela v.t. -- 1; attend to; listen; 2; obey; 3; waylay.
  • lalisa v.t. -- 1; cause to sleep; cause to lie down; 2; lalisa ng
  • lamba v.i. -- hunger; get hungry.
  • lamula v.t. -- make peace between; mediate; separate fighters
  • lamulela v.t. -- go to the assistance of.
  • landa v.t. -- 1; narrate; ; landa icala= prosecute; 3; fetch
  • landela v.t. -- follow; pursue
  • landelisa v.t. -- send after.
  • landisa v.t. -- give account of to; relate to.
  • landula v.i.;v.t. -- deny; say no
  • landulela v.t. -- 1; deny on behalf of 2; zilandulela=excuse
  • langatha v.t. -- long for.
  • lawula v.t. -- 1; cock a gun 2; command soldiers 3; chatter
  • laya v.t. -- 1; command; order; 2; warn; reprove; reprima
  • layela v.i. -- be at the point of death (of animal).
  • layeza v.t. -- instruct.
  • layezela v.t. -- give instructions about give instructions for
  • lekuza v.t. -- nod head up and down.
  • lembuluka v.i. -- get stretched out; come uncoiled.
  • lembulula v.t. -- stretch out; uncoil
  • lenga v.i -- dangle; hang; suspend
  • lengisa v.t. -- dangle; hang; suspend.
  • letha v.t. -- bring; fetch.
  • libala v.i. -- dawdle; loiter.
  • libazisa v.t. -- hinder; delay.
  • libha v.t. -- 1; cast lots; 2; tell riddles (for guessing)
  • lila v.i. -- weep; mourn; lament.
  • lilela v.t. -- mourn for; sympathise.
  • lilisa v.t. -- 1; cause to mourn; 2; sing a dirge.
  • lima v.t. -- 1; hoe; plough; 2; cultivate; farm.
  • limala v.i. -- get hurt; .get wounded.
  • limaza v.t. -- hurt; injure; wound.
  • limuka v.i. -- beware; be careful.
  • linda v.t. -- 1; guard; 2; drive away birds.
  • lindela v.t. -- wait for; expect.
  • linga v.t. -- tempt; test.
  • lingana v.i.;v.t. -- 1; become equal with match; 2; weigh; 3; measure 4
  • linganisa v.t. -- 1; equalise; match; 2; balance; weigh; 3; me
  • lingisa v.t. -- imitate.
  • lobola v.t. -- give lobolo (money or cattle given to bride)
  • lokotha v.t. -- 1; dream of doing; 2; dare.
  • lola v.t. -- sharpen or grind an edge.
  • lolonga v.t. -- smooth; finish off plaster.
  • lolozela v.t. -- lull; rock to sleep.
  • londoloza v.t. -- take care of; look after; keep.
  • loya v.t. -- bewitch; cast a spell.
  • lulama v.i. -- 1; rise up (from sitting lying; etc.) 2; recover f
  • lulamisa v.t. -- lift or raise up a person (from Vying; sitti
  • lulaza v.t. -- depreciate; lower.
  • luleka v.t. -- advise put straight.
  • lumatha v.i. -- burst into flame.
  • lumba v.t. -- do wonders; perform magic
  • lunga v.i. -- 1; become in good order; become fit; become
  • lungela v.t. -- get ready.
  • lungisa v.t. -- 1; adjust; arrange; tidy; put in order; 2; co
  • lungiselela v.t. -- prepare for.
  • lungisisa v.t. -- justify.
  • lunguza v.i. -- peep.
  • luphala v.i. -- age; grow old.
  • lwa v.t. -- fight; contend.
  • lwela v.t. -- contend for; fight for.
  • ma v.i. -- stand; stand still (ma isibindi= be
  • makala v.t. -- slap; strike with the hand.
  • mangala v.i. -- 1; be astonished; be surprised; marvel; wonder
  • mangalela v.t. -- accuse; charge ;with crime; sue.
  • mangalisa v.t. -- astonish; surprise.
  • matha v.i. -- gallop.
  • mba v.t. -- dig; dig up.
  • mbambatha v.t. -- pat.
  • mbela v.t. -- 1; bury; 2; plant out; transplant.
  • mbokotha v.t. -- cover a pot (with a plate; etc.); turn a pot
  • mbomboza v.t. -- cover head; cover face.
  • mekeza v.i. -- dance at a wedding (a dance of olden times).
  • mela v.t. -- 1; defend; stand for; stand against; represent
  • melana v.t. -- oppose; withstand.
  • melela v.t. -- wait for.
  • mema v.t. -- invite; call.
  • memetheka v.i. -- blaze up; spread (as fire; disease; etc.).
  • memeza v.t. & v.i. -- call aloud; shout; call out to.
  • memezela v.t. -- announce publicly; proclaim.
  • menezela v.i. -- talk or behave in an unreliable manner. be f
  • mila. v.i. -- sprout; germinate.
  • mimiliza v.t. -- swallow down whole.
  • mincika v.i. -- become slimy; become slippery.
  • minya v.t. -- press against; crowd.
  • minyana v.i -- become crowded; become narrow.
  • minyanisa v.t -- crowd; hem in.
  • minyeza v.t. -- crowd; hem in. -minza: 1; v.i.; drown; be gr
  • misa v.t. -- 1; erect; set up; 2; appoint; 3; establish-
  • misela v.t. -- 1; gain position for 2; zimiselac decide; be
  • mitha v.i. -- become pregnant (esp. of animals).
  • mithisa v.t. -- make pregnant.
  • momotha v.i. -- have acute pain.
  • momotheka v.i. -- 1; sufler pain; 2; mile.
  • monyuka v.i. -- slip out; slip away.
  • monyula v.t. -- pull out.
  • mpampa v.i. -- be agitated.
  • mpempeza v.i. -- whistle; trumpet.
  • mpolompa v.t. -- take snuff in mouth.
  • mpompa v.t. -- pump.
  • mpompoloza v.i. -- talk loudly or boisterously.
  • mpompoza v.i. -- gush; stream out.
  • muka v.i. -- go away; desert.
  • mukeleka v.i. -- grow worse (of wound; rent; hole; etc.).
  • mukisa v.t. -- send away.
  • mukula v.t. -- slap; strike with the open hand.
  • mumatha v.t. -- hold something in the mouth.
  • mumelela v.t. -- shut the mouth.
  • mumuza v.t. -- munch; suck (food; sweets; etc.).
  • muncana v.i. -- shrink up.
  • munya v.t. -- suck at the breast or teat (munya umungula =
  • munyisa v.t. -- suckle a child.
  • na v.i. -- rain
  • naba v.i. -- stretch out (legs).
  • nabalala v.i. -- lie out sprawling.
  • nabuluka v.i. -- get stretched out.
  • nabulula v.t. -- stretch out (as elastic; a coiled object; etc).
  • nafuzeka v.i. -- be sticky; be putty-like.
  • nakana v.i.;v.t. -- consider; think over.
  • namathela v.i. -- be sticky.
  • namathela v.t. -- adhere; stick to; cleave to.
  • nambitha v.i.; v.t. -- taste; smack the lips.
  • nambitheka v.i. -- be tasty; be palatable.
  • nameka v.t. -- close or seal up a hole; plaster up a hole.
  • nampuka v.i. -- be sticky; be putty-like.
  • nampula v.t. -- touch something sticky or putty-like.
  • nampuzeka v.i. -- be ticky; be putty-like.
  • nanabuka v.i. -- get stretched out.
  • nanabula v.t. -- stretch out.
  • nanza v.t. -- care about; take care about be careful about
  • nanzelela v.t. -- care about; take care about; take notice of.
  • natha v.t. & v.i. -- drink.
  • nathisa v.t. -- give to drink; water.
  • ncama v.t. -- eat (in he morning).
  • nceda v.t. -- aid; help. (also ncedisa).
  • ncencetha v.i. & v.t. -- jingle; inkle.
  • ncenga v.t. -- appeal to; beg; bcseech; entreat persuade.
  • ncibilika v.i. -- 1; dissolve; melt; 2; begin to convalesce.
  • ncibilikisa v.t. -- dissolve; melt.
  • ncifa v.i. -- make a sound that expresses annoyance or contempt.
  • ncinda v.t. -- suck fingers (to taste food).
  • ncinta v.i. -- excel.
  • ncintanisana v.i. -- compete.
  • ncipha v.i. -- diminish; grow less.
  • nciphisa v.t. -- abbreviate; make less diminish.
  • ncitsha v t. -- stint; act stingily (zincitsha = exercise se
  • ncitshana v.i. -- be stingy.
  • ncoma v.t. -- 1; speak well of; 2; zincoma = boast.
  • ncwada v.t. -- put on a prepuce cover.
  • ncweba v.t. -- nip; pinch.
  • ndenda v.i. -- drift; float along.
  • ndiza v.i. -- fly.
  • nemba v.t. -- hit on the mark.
  • nembelula v.t. -- 1; stretch out; 2; work differently (as a we
  • nembuluka v.i -- get stretched out.
  • nenga v.t. -- offend; nauseate; disgust.
  • nengeka v.i. -- be offensive; be disgusting; be oathsome.
  • nesa v.t. -- nurse.
  • netha v.i. -- 1; let in rain; 2; (pass. form; -nethwa); ge
  • nethisa v.t. -- make wet (by rain).
  • ngcina v.t. -- close a hole with wax.
  • ngcola v.i. -- become dirty; become polbird.
  • ngcolisa v.t. -- make dirty; defile; pollute.
  • ngcomuka v.i. -- come out; slip out.
  • ngcomula v.t. -- pull out.
  • ngcothuka -v.i. -- get plucked or pulled out.
  • ngcothula v.t. -- pluck; pull out.
  • ngcwaba v.t. -- bury.
  • ngena v.i.;v.t. -- 1; enter; go in; come in; 2; take widow of e
  • ngenwa v.pass. -- be possessed by.
  • ngqathuza v.t. -- snap with teeth.
  • ngunguna v.i. -- mutter.
  • ngxama v.i. -- 1; be very angry; 2; be serious.
  • ngxamela v.i. -- 1; be very angry with; 2; be serious about;
  • nika v.t. -- give; hand over; offer.
  • nikela v.t. -- give up; betray; offer up surrender.
  • nikeza v.t. -- hand over to.
  • nikina v.t. -- shake the head.
  • nina v.t. -- prevent; turn away (indicating refusal with
  • ninda v.t. -- daub; smear on.
  • nisa v.t. -- cause to rain.
  • nkenteza v.i. -- echo; resoundi
  • nklamuza v.t. -- eat crunchy food.
  • nklinkliza v.i. -- choke; be strangled.
  • nompola v.t. -- take semi-liquid or semi-solid by dipping finger in it.
  • nona v.i. -- become fat (of animals).
  • notha v.i. -- become rich; prosper.
  • nothisa v.t. -- make rich; enrich.
  • nqabela v.t. -- forbid.
  • nqanda v.t. -- check; hold steady.
  • nqinda v.t. -- punch
  • nqineka v.i. -- be worried; be apprehensive.
  • nqoba v.t. -- conquer; defeat.
  • nqolonga v.t. -- call loudly.
  • nqumisa v.t. -- place across.
  • nqunda v.t. -- blunt; discourage.
  • nqunula v.i. -- be naked.
  • nqwetha v.i. -- avoid (by passing around; by going anolher w
  • ntantalaza v.i. -- move fast; patter along (of small creatures)
  • ntsh'antshaza v.i. -- spurt out (of liquid); run out in a stream.
  • ntsh'aza v.i.;v.t. -- spurt out; run out in a stream.
  • ntsh'eza v.i. -- swim.
  • ntsh'intsh'a v.t. -- change.
  • ntsh'intsh'anisa v.t. -- chop and change about; rotate of crops.
  • ntsh'ontsh'a v.t. -- pilfer; steal.
  • ntsh'ulubeza v.i. -- run through; dart through (a crowd; bushes;
  • ntula v.i. -- go this way and that (when lost) .
  • ntuntuza v.i. -- gush out.
  • nuka v.i. & v.t. -- smell; give out a smell.
  • numuzeka v.i. -- become fat (due to good iving).
  • nunkula v.i. -- begin to sprout; begin to ud.
  • nxambela v.i. -- get detained; become busy.
  • nxanela v.t. -- desire ardently.
  • nxapha v.i. -- make the click noise (x) xpressing annoyanc
  • nxiba v.t. -- bar with cross-Bar.
  • nxibana v.i. -- 1; become crossed (of two hings); 2; become
  • nxusa v.t. -- invite to help; supplicate.
  • nxwanela v.t. -- desire ardently.
  • nya v.t. -- excrete.
  • nyakama v.i. -- 1; become overcast; 2; become damp.
  • nyakamisa v.t. -- dampen; make wet.
  • nyakaza v.i. -- move; bestir; move bout.
  • nyakazisa v.t. -- confuse; disturb.
  • nyakuza v.i. -- go stealthily ama-nyala (ama): ilth.
  • nyamalala v.i. -- disappear.
  • nyathela v.t. -- tread on; run over (with heels).
  • nyathezela v.t. -- press down (with the foot).
  • nyaza v.i. -- show ingratitude by grumbling.
  • nyelela v.i. -- slink away; sneak away.
  • nyeleza v.t. -- produce a litter.
  • nyemukula v.i. -- look behind (when gomg along).
  • nyenya v.i. -- move stealthily; creep off.
  • nyenyeza v.i. -- whisper.
  • nyewuzela v.i. -- smile; grin.
  • nyeya v.t. -- slander; backbite.
  • nyikinya v.t. & v.i. -- move; shake about shrug (shoulders).
  • nyikinyeka v.i. -- move; shake; get shaken.
  • nyikinyekisa v.t. -- move; shake.
  • nyoba v.t. -- rub off dirt.
  • nyobuluka v.i. -- come uncoiled
  • nyobulula v.t. -- uncoil.
  • nyombuluka v.i. -- come uncoiled.
  • nyombulula v.t. -- uncoil.
  • nyomuka v.i. -- slip (as of knot); get pulled out.
  • nyomula v.t. -- pull out; slip (as a knot).
  • nyonkoloza v.t. & v.i. -- scowl; glower at; glower.
  • nyonyoba v.t. -- stalk.
  • nyoza v.i. -- ooze out (of the juice of ripe fruit of the
  • nyukumala v.i. -- look gloomy; become gloomy; become overcast
  • nyunda v.t. -- backbite; slander.
  • nyunyuma v.i. -- be greasy.
  • obula v.t. -- strip off bark; etc.
  • okha v.t. -- move fire (to another place). okubi oku-bi):
  • oma v.i. -- 1; dry; dry up; 2; become thirsty 3; oma ha=
  • omisa v.t. -- dry; dry up.
  • omula v.i. -- begin to (begin pregnancy; begin to take food
  • onakala v.i. -- 1; become corrupted; be¬come efiled; get dam
  • onakalisa v.t. -- corrupt.
  • ondla v.t. -- 1; nourish; rear; foster; 2; support (with m
  • onga v.t. -- nurse the sick.
  • ongamela v.t. -- preside over.
  • opha v.i. -- bleed; menstruate.
  • ophula v.t. -- 1; rescue from danger; 2; ' take a pot off t
  • osa v.t. -- fry; roast (esp.in the fire).
  • otha v.i.;v.t. -- warm oneself (by fire; in the sun).
  • othamela v.i. -- bask in the sun.
  • ozela v.i. -- doze; be drowsy
  • patsh'aza v.t. -- break open violently; burst.
  • patula v.t. -- slap lightly.
  • penda v.t. -- paint.
  • peneda v.t. -- hold together with satety pin.
  • pentsh'a v.i.;v.t. -- break wind (at anus).
  • pesuka v.i. -- jig; be frisky.
  • petuka v.t. -- be turn over; be partly turned inside out (as dry seed).
  • petula v.t. -- turn ver to search.
  • pha v.t. -- give; present.
  • phahla v.t -- encircle; surround.
  • phahlaza v.t. -- smash. phakade; adv.: 1; long ago; 2; for ev
  • phakama v.i. -- 1; be raised; become high; stand up ; become
  • phakamisa v.t. -- 1; lift up; raise; 2; promote; 3; ziphakamisa=boast
  • phakazela v.i. -- get excited.
  • phakela v.t. -- dish up; serve out.
  • phakulula v.t. -- dish up food.
  • phala v.t. -- scrape skin or hide.
  • phalala v.i. -- rush out (as to answer call for help); overf
  • phalaza v.t. -- clear stomach by vomiting (after aking an em
  • phamba v.t. -- play trick on.
  • phambana v.i. -- 1; cross one another cross over; ass another
  • phambanisa v.t. -- 1; cause to cross over cross; 2; confuse; co
  • phambeka v.i. -- err; make a mistake.
  • phambuka v.i. -- 1; turn aside; branch off; 2; go astray.
  • phambukisa v.t. -- 1; cause to turn aside; divert; 2; lead asir
  • phana v.i. -- be generous; give each other.
  • phanda v t. -- 1; scratch up (as fowl); 2; phanda Icala =
  • phandla v.t. -- blind temporarily; dazzle (by sun; by dust;
  • phanga v.t. -- 1; plunder 2; hurry on.
  • phangisa v.i. -- hurry.
  • phangiseka v.i. -- become urgent.
  • phanyeka v.t. -- hang up.
  • phanza v.i. -- beg for food
  • phapha v.i. -- fly; flap the wings; buzz (of Insects).
  • phaphalaza v.i. -- do hastily; badly; super¬fiaally.
  • phaphama v.i. -- come to one's senses wake up.
  • phaphamela v.t. -- suddenly show interest in.
  • phaphatheka v.i. -- 1; get excited; 2; stampede.
  • phaphazela v.i. -- be agitated; be 'in a flap; be nervous.
  • phaphula v.t. -- 1; remove bark; 2; whittle a pole or stick.
  • phaqaza v.t. -- snap.
  • phasa v.t. -- pass an examination.
  • phasaza v.t. -- confuse; disturb.
  • phatha v.t. -- 1; carry in hand or arms handle; hold; 2; ad
  • phatha v.t. -- hold etc.
  • phathisa v.t. -- 1; give a helping hand; 2; give in charge of
  • phathwa v.pass. -- 1; be attacked by; be stricken by; suffer
  • phawuka v.i. -- be marked or branded.
  • phawula v.t. -- brand; mark; indicate.
  • phazama v.i. -- 1; be disturbed; be interrupted; 2; make a m
  • phazamisa v.t. -- 1; disturb; interrupt; 2; cause a person to
  • phazima v.i. -- blink; wink; flash.
  • pheca v.t. -- bend; fold.
  • pheceka v.i -- become bent.
  • pheceza v.i. -- be plausible yet evasive.
  • phefumula v.i.;v.t. -- breathe.
  • phefuzela v.i. -- panft.
  • phehla v.t. -- 1; bore a hole 2; churn; 3; cloud overiof cl
  • pheka v.t. -- cook; brew.
  • phela v.i. -- l; finish; conclude; end; 2; die 3; phela am
  • phelekezela v.t. -- accompany.
  • phelela v.i. -- become complete; become
  • phelelisa v.t. -- make complete; make whole; make perfect.
  • phelelwa v.pass. -- come to an end; get short of; lose all.
  • phemba v.t. -- kindle a fire.
  • phembela v.i. -- smell (as an animal); sniff the air.
  • phendla v.t. -- 1; expose (by parting skin; hair; grass; etc
  • phenduka v.i. -- 1; get turned round; turn round; 2; alter; c
  • phendula v.t -- 1; defend (in court) (zi¬phendulela=defend on
  • phendula v.t. -- 1; turn; turn round; turn over; 2; alter; ch
  • phengula v.t. -- divine (by throwing bones).
  • phenya v.t. -- turn over or turn up (to examine).
  • phepha v.i. -- escape.
  • phephela v.i. -- take refuge in; escape to.
  • phephetha v.i. & v.t. -- blow; blow at; blow (of wind).
  • phephezela v.i -- fly or flap in wind (as flag; etc.).
  • phephisa v.t. -- rescue; help to escape.
  • phephuka v.i. -- 1; be blown away; 2; be unsteady.
  • phephula v.t. -- blow away.
  • phephuluka v.i. -- be blown away.
  • phephuluza v.t. -- 1; blow away; blow out; 2; laughter a beast
  • pheqa v.t. -- fold back; fold over; close a knife.
  • pheqeka v.i -- get bent back; get folded back.
  • pheqeza v.t. -- bend back; fold back; fold over.
  • phetha v.t. -- 1; hem; 2; decide; complete.
  • phethela v.i. -- reach as far as; border on.
  • phethuza v.i. -- gush; well up.
  • phica v.t. -- outwit; trick (in speech) .
  • phicika v.i. -- get squashed; get squeezed. phiciza; v.t.: s
  • phihlika v.i. -- 1; break down (of motions); 2; break out in
  • phihliza v.t. -- smash.
  • phika v.i.;v.t. -- 1; argue; dispute; 2; deny; contradict.
  • phikazela v.i. -- pant.
  • phikelela v.i. -- persevere; persist.
  • phikisa v.t. -- argue; dispute about.
  • phikisana v.i. -- argue with one another; dispute with one nothe
  • phila v.i.;v.t -- 1; live; be well.
  • phinca v.t. -- tuck up skirts.
  • phindisa v.t. -- retaliate.
  • phindisela v.t. -- avenge; pay back; take revenge upon; hit back
  • phinga v.i. -- 1; mate (of dogs); 2; fornicate.
  • phiphiliza v.t. -- eat ravenousty.
  • phiqika v.i. -- come out; get squeezed out.
  • phiqila v.t. -- squeeze out
  • phisekela v.i. -- be anxious about
  • phisela v.t. -- fit handle to.
  • phithikeza v.t. -- mix.
  • phithizela v.i. -- move confusedly; warm.
  • phithizisa v.t. -- confuse; disturb.
  • phitsheka v.i. -- be concerned about; be etermined; be set on.
  • phohloka v.i. -- get broken; get smashed.
  • phohloza v.t. -- smash in; break.
  • phola v.i. -- 1; heal; 2; be cool (of a person).
  • pholisa v.t. -- 1; heal; 2; ool down (a person).
  • phongela v.i. -- act roughly; act as a hully.
  • phophotha v.i. -- talk too much.
  • phophoza v.i. -- gush out.
  • phoqoka v.i. -- snap in two.
  • phoqoza v.t. -- 1; snap in two; 2; vomit of a baby).
  • phosisa v.i. -- err; do wrong.
  • photha v.t. -- plait; spin out thread.
  • phothana v.i. -- get interwoven.
  • phothuka v.i. -- get round.
  • phothula v.t. -- grind mealies.
  • photshoza v.i. -- talk too much.
  • phoxa v.t. -- ruffle; embarrass.
  • phozisa v.t. -- cool; calm.
  • phuca v.t. -- 1; take away completely; de¬prive; 2; shave;
  • phucuka v.i. -- 1; become chafed become ubbed off 2; become
  • phucula v.t. -- 1; chafe; rub; 2; civilize.
  • phuhla v.i. -- -grow out (as breast of young girl).
  • phukuzeka v.i. -- become fooled.
  • phukuzela v.i. -- be foolish.
  • phuluka v.i. -- 1; slip through easily; 2; get ree; escape 3
  • phulula v.t. -- 1; remove (by pulling through he hand; as se
  • phuma v.i.; v.t. -- 1; v.i.; come out; go out; resign; 2; v.t.; give o
  • phumelela v.i. -- 1; come out into the open; 2; succeed; flour
  • phumisa v.t. -- 1; cause to come or go out turn out; 2; pium
  • phumisela v.i.;v.t. -- speak out; speak clearly.
  • phumputha v.t. -- feel and grope in the dark.
  • phumputheka v.i. -- become blind.
  • phumputhekisa v.t. -- blind; make another blind.
  • phumula v.i. -- rest; retire from work.
  • phumulela v.i. -- rest on; rest in.
  • phumuza v.t. -- cause to rest; relieve.
  • phundla v.t. -- strip (leaves from a branch).
  • phunga v.t. -- 1; brush or drive away flies; etc.; 2; sip.
  • phunguka v.i. -- become less; diminish; get ighlened.
  • phungula v.t. -- lessen; diminish; lighten.
  • phunyuka v.i.;v.t. -- slip out; slip free; escape.
  • phunyula v.t. -- let slip; let something or someone escape; s
  • phunza v.i. -- abort (of animals).
  • phupha v.t. & v.i. -- dream.
  • phuphuma v.i. -- 1; boil over; overflow 2; be excited; boil
  • phusa v.i. -- dry up (of milk of a cow); beome weaned.
  • phutha v.i. -- be absent- fail.
  • phuthaza v.t. -- feel with hands and fingers; grope.
  • phuthelwa v.pass. -- be unable to sleep (e.g. waphuthelwa yibu
  • phuthisa v.t. -- frustrate; ake ineffective.
  • phuthuma v.t. -- 1; hurry on; rush; 2; embrace; grab hold of
  • phutsha v.i. & v.t. -- 1; go right through rotrude; stick ou
  • phuza v.i. -- become ate; delay.
  • pikla v.t. -- smear too much fat on body or face.
  • popotha v.i. -- talk too much.
  • profetha v.t. & v.i. -- prophesy.
  • qabanga v.t. -- resow in order to fill up gaps in line of pl
  • qabuka v.t. -- chance upon; see suddenly; see for the first time.
  • qabuza v.t. -- kiss (a baby). qaga; v.t.: catch something
  • qaga v.t. -- catch something thrown.
  • qakama v.i. -- sit in seat of honour.
  • qakatheka v.i. -- become important; be¬come special.
  • qakeza v.t. -- clap (at a dance); clap in rhythm.
  • qala v.t. -- 1; begin; start; 2; assault; attack; 3; prov
  • qaleka v.i. -- faint have a fit.
  • qalisa v.i.;v.t. -- begin; make a start; begin with.
  • qamba v.t. -- 1; devise; invent; 2; qamba amanga=tell ies.
  • qambela v.t. -- tell lies about; slander.
  • qambula v.t. -- turn aside; turn astray.
  • qamekela v.t. -- waylay.
  • qamela v.t. -- rest head on.
  • qamuka v.i. -- 1; get broken (of bonds; rope; etc.); 2; be
  • qamula v.t. -- 1; break (bonds; etc.); 2; Judge.
  • qanda v.i.; v.t. -- 1; v.i.; be cold (of weather); 2; v.t.; bleed a ve
  • qandelela v.t. -- break through a fence.
  • qandisa v.t. -- cool.
  • qansa v.i. -- rise of land; be steep.
  • qaphela v.i -- -qaphelisa; beware; watch out for; be careful
  • qaqabuka v.i. -- wake up; revive.
  • qaqabula v.t. -- wake up to; revive.
  • qaqamba v.i. -- throb with pain.
  • qathanisa v.t. -- puzzle; perplex.
  • qatsha v.t. -- hire; employ.
  • qatshisa v.t. -- hire out.
  • qaza v.t. -- 1; cut across (cloth or skin) cut a lit in 2 examine.
  • qeda v.t. -- accomplish; finish; complete.
  • qedisisa v.t. -- understand.
  • qegula v.t. -- separate from; detach from.
  • qephuka v.i. -- get broken off; get broken apart.
  • qephula v.t. -- break off; break apart.
  • qethuka v.i. -- fall over backwards; capsize.
  • qhamuka v.i. -- appear unexpectedly.
  • qhaqha v.t -- rip open. -qhaqhabula;
  • qhaqhazela v.i. -- tremble or shake (esp. with fear).
  • qhatha v.t. -- 1; break up new soil; plough virgin soil; 2;
  • qhatsha v.i. -- move convulsively; kick (of dying creature);
  • qhekeza v.t. -- cleave open.
  • qhekezeka v.i. -- burst open.
  • qhela v.i. -- expand; get bigger; spread.
  • qhenya v.i. -- strut; swagger; show off (ziqhenya=be proud)
  • qhinela v.t. -- obstruct.
  • qhinqa v.i.;v.t. -- cry; shout loudly.
  • qhoba v.t. -- crunch.
  • qhola v.t. -- -qholisa; perfume; sprinkle perfume.
  • qhoqhoza v.i. -- walk with heavy steps.
  • qhuba v.t. -- 1; v.t.; advance; drive along animals; people); fu
  • qhubeka v.i. -- advance; make progress; proceed; continue.
  • qhubeza v.t. -- urge on; push forward.
  • qhubezela v.t. -- stimulate; urge forward.
  • qhugela v.i. -- limp.
  • qhula v.i. -- be lame; limp.
  • qhuma v.i. -- burst out crying.
  • qhunga v.t. -- show whites of eyes (when weak; etc.).
  • qhuqha v.i. -- shiver (with cold; fever).
  • qhuqhumba v.i. -- make sound of bursting pods; pop; make sound
  • qhwaya v.t. -- scratch as a fowl.
  • qhweba v.t. -- beckon (with and); signal (with hand).
  • qhwitha v.t. -- poke out carefully; poke lightly.
  • qhwitsha v.t. -- scratch (as a owl).
  • qila v.i. -- cheat; act slyly.
  • qilibezela v.t. -- cheat; defraud.
  • qina v.i. -- become firm; become strong. become stiff.
  • qinisa v.t. -- 1; make firm; strengthen toughen; secure; 2;
  • qinisela v.i. -- endure.
  • qobola v.t. -- cuff gently on the head.
  • qogelela v.t. -- collect; accumulate.
  • qokelela v.t. -- pile up; store; save up.
  • qolotsha v.i. -- frisk; skip about.
  • qoma v.t. -- choose (a lover; a course of action; etc.).
  • qomana v. -- compete; vie with one another.
  • qomfa v.i. -- have a stoop; be bent.
  • qonda v.i. & v.t. -- 1; become accurate become traight; be
  • qondakala v.i. -- become comprehensible.
  • qondana v.i. -- concern; apply to.
  • qondela v.t. -- embroider (with beads).
  • qondisa v.t -- 1; set straight; correct; 2; direct; guide.
  • qonga v.i. -- 1; go high; soar up 2; raise voice high (in
  • qonqosela v.t. -- emphasise.
  • qonula v.i. -- run about; run here and there (of animals).
  • qopha v.t. -- 1; cut slits; cut notches 2; bear a rudge ag
  • qoqa v.t. -- collect; gather.
  • qoqoda v.t. -- knock.
  • qoqomela v.i. -- stand on tiptoe.
  • qothuka v.i -- wear smooth; get rubbed off; come out (of ha
  • qothula v.t. -- 1; rub smooth; rub off; 2; destroy ompletely
  • qotshama v.i. -- sit on the haunches squat
  • qububula v.t -- 1; drive off flies; etc.; drive away oxen; et
  • qubuka v.i. -- 1; break out in sores 2; swell up; erupt.
  • qukula v.t. -- lift a heavy object.
  • quma v.t. -- 1; cut; cut through; 2; decide.
  • qumba v.i. -- 1; be constipated; 2; swell out; distend; 3;
  • qumbaqumba v.t. -- tickle.
  • qumbisa v.t. -- cause to swell out; distend.
  • qunga v.t. -- 1; mix milk and whey (make umqungo); 2; toug
  • qunta v.t. -- break off (as leaves; etc.).
  • qupheza v.i. -- dance; kick up dust.
  • quphula v.t. -- dig out; uproot.
  • ququbala v.i. -- sit huddled up; cower.
  • qutha v.i. -- squat.
  • qwaqwaza v.t. -- click (sound of stick on stick); fence with sticks
  • qwayiza v.t. -- blink; wink.
  • sa v.i.; v.t. -- 1; v.i.; dawn; become light; 2; v.t.; take; send;
  • sabalala v.i -- be scattered; be spread about.
  • sabeka v.i. -- be fearful; be terrible; be fierce.
  • sabela v.i.;v.t. -- answer to a call.
  • sadalala v.i. -- pull hard.
  • sakaza v.t. -- 1; smash; 2; scatter; throw down.
  • sala v.i. -- remain; stay.
  • sanganisa v.t. -- puzzle; confuse.
  • sanganiseka v.i. -- get puzzled; get confused.
  • satha v.t. -- have sexual intercourse.
  • sayina v.t. -- sign; put one's signature.
  • sebenza v.t. & v.i. -- work; work at; labour.
  • sebenzela v.t. -- work for; serve.
  • sebenzisa v.t. -- cause to wor
  • sekela v.t. -- 1; support; brace; prop up; 2; support; seco
  • sela v.t. -- pluck fruit.
  • selwa v.i. -- 1; wane (of moon): 2; be late.
  • senga v.t. -- milk.
  • sesetha v.t. -- sift; winnow.
  • setsha v.t. -- search with a warrant.
  • sewula v.i. -- fall of first rains.
  • sibathela v.i. -- run away fast.
  • sibekela v.t. -- cover (with a lid; etc).
  • sibukula v.t. -- remove a lid.
  • sika v.t. -- cut across; amputate; saw off.
  • sikinya v.t. -- move.
  • sikinyeka v.i. -- move.
  • sikiza v.t. -- make a feint or pretense of hitting.
  • sila v.i. -- 1; live: 2; be well.
  • silela v.t. -- be deficient in; lack.
  • silisa v.t. -- 1; heal; cure; 2; save.
  • sina v.i. -- dance
  • sinama v.i. -- be angry; be cross; be surly.
  • sinda v.t. -- 1; be heavy; weigh heavy; 2; escape.
  • sinda v.t. -- smear a floor.
  • sindisa v.t. -- 1; overload 2; save.
  • singa v.t. -- shave.
  • singatha v.t. -- cuddle; hug.
  • siphula v.t. -- pull out weeds; grass; etc.
  • sitha v.t. -- hide; screen.
  • sitheka v.i. -- become hidden; become screened.
  • siza v.t. -- aid; help.
  • sizakala v.i. -- be helped.
  • sizila v.t. -- iron out; press flat
  • sobela v.i. -- disappear for a time.
  • soka v.t. -- circumcise.
  • soleka v.i. -- become blameworthy; be¬come faulty.
  • soma v.i. -- joke; sport.
  • sombuluka v.i -- come unrolled; come unfolded.
  • sombulula v.t. -- unfold; unroll
  • sondela v.i. -- approach; draw near; go near; come near.
  • sondeza v.t. -- bring near; bring close to; cause to get nea
  • songa v.t. -- 1; coil; coil up; roll up; 2; threaten: 3. c
  • songana v.i. -- get coiled.
  • songela v.t. -- threaten.
  • songeleka v.i. -- 1; become constipated 2; become threatened.
  • subela v.t. -- put on loin cloth.
  • subuka v.i. -- rub off; get grazed. subula; v.t.: rub off hair; g
  • subula v.t. -- rub off hair; graze.
  • suduka v.i -- move out of the way; move out of he light.
  • sudula v.t. -- move out of the way.
  • suka v.i. -- 1; go away; depart; set out; 2; begin (kusuk
  • sukela v.t. -- 1; spring at; attack; 2; depart frorn; begin
  • sukuma v.i. -- arise; rise up; stand.
  • sunduza v.t. -- push; shift.
  • sungula v.t. -- begin; initiate (as a discus¬sion; etc.).
  • susa v.t. -- clear away; remove; take away.
  • sutha v.i. -- become satisfied.
  • suthisa v.t. -- satisfy.
  • suza v.t. -- break wind (at anus).
  • swaba v.i. -- fade; wither.
  • swela v.t. -- lack; need; necessary.
  • sweleka v.i. -- be missing; be wanted; be
  • tatalika v.i. -- lurch; stagger.
  • tatazela v.i. -- be agitated; be nervous; be flurried.
  • tema v.t. -- cheer; greet; etc.using per¬son's 'isitemo)
  • temeleza v.i. -- praise extravagantly.
  • thaba v.i. -- delight in; be glad; be happy.
  • thaka v.t. -- make up medicine; etc.
  • thakatha v.i. & v.t. -- bewitch; practise witchcraft.
  • thakazela v.t. -- be genial to; welcome.
  • thaklazela v.t. -- throw down (heavily or carelessly).
  • thalaza v.i.;v.t. -- look around.
  • thama v.t. -- begin (as a discussion; etc.).
  • thamba v.i. -- become soft; become supple; become tame.
  • thambama v.i. -- become afternoon; begin to ecline (of sun).
  • thambeka v.i. & v.t. -- slope; lean to one side.
  • thambisa v.t. -- 1; make wet; soften; make pliable; 2; tame.
  • thanda v.t. -- like; love; prefer.
  • thandabuza v.i. -- doubt.
  • thandela v.i. & v.t. -- bind round; wind round; climb round.
  • thanduluka v.i. -- come unwound.
  • thandulula v.t. -- unwind.
  • thanya v.i. -- spring back (as a trap).
  • thanyela v.t. -- brush; sweep.
  • thapha v.t. -- take out (honey from a nest; clay rom a pit).
  • thaphuluka v.i. -- get stretched out.
  • thaphulula v.t. -- stretch out.
  • thatha v.t. -- I; take; 2; take a wife; marry; 3; thatha si
  • thathazela v.i. -- speak off the point; peak out of turn.
  • thatheka v.i. -- be carried way emotion¬aily; be easily infiu
  • thekeleza v.t. -- tie round; tie a knot.
  • thela v.t. -- pour; pour out; 2; sprinkle (as manure) 3
  • theleka v.i. -- come to; arrive; attack.
  • thelela v.t. -- 1; pour on to; water (the garden; etc.); spr
  • thelisa v.t -- collect tax; tax.
  • themba v.i. & v.t. -- trust; trust in; rely on; confide in h
  • thembeka v.i. -- become honest; become trustworthy.
  • thembisa v.t. -- promise.
  • thembuza v.i. -- go from wife to wife.
  • thena v.t. -- 1; castrate; 2; prune.
  • thenga v.t. -- buy.
  • thengisa v.t. -- sell.
  • thengiselana v.i -- trade; sell among one another.
  • thetha v.t. -- 1; try a law case; 2; scold; chide.
  • thethela v.t. -- sacrifice; sacrifice to; pray to ancestors.
  • thethelela v.t. -- forgive (sins; etc.).
  • thethisa v.t. -- swear at; scold
  • theza v.t. -- collect firewood.
  • thi v.i -- 1; say; 2; think; mean; 3; used with ideophon
  • thikameza v.t. -- disturb; interrupt.
  • thikaza v.i. -- 1; be disturbed; start back abruptly; 2; hes
  • thikazisa v.t. -- disturb.
  • thimula v.i -- sneeze; snort. absolute pron. (1st per. pl.):
  • thinta v.t. -- 1; touch; 2; check and turn back; or turn away ani
  • thintitha v.t. -- shake; shake out (as a blanket); beat (to ge
  • thithibala v.i. -- become perplexed; be¬come speechless.
  • thiya v.t. -- 1; trap;2; propup.
  • thoba v.i.; v.t. -- 1; v.i become humble; humble oneself; bow 2' v.t
  • thobeka v.i. -- become humble.
  • thobela v.t. -- appease; conciliate.
  • thobisa v.t. -- humiliate.
  • thokoza v.i -- be glad; be happy; be de¬lighted; rejoice.
  • thokozela v.i -- delight in; be delighted about.
  • thokozisa v.t. -- gladden; make happy; Please; comfort.
  • thola v.t. -- 1; find; discover; 2; get; obtain.
  • tholakala v.i -- be obtainable.
  • thomana v.t. -- follow on heels of; dog a person.
  • thomba v.i -- 1; mature; grow up; reach age of puberty 2; r
  • thonisa v.t. -- judge (a case).
  • thonisisa v.t. -- judge (a person).
  • thonta v.i. -- drip.
  • thontela v.i. -- drip on to.
  • thotha v.i. -- run along on the ground (as birds).
  • thuba v.i. -- be overcast; change colour.
  • thubela v.i. -- go away for a time.
  • thuka v.t. & v.i. -- abuse; curse; insult; use bad languag
  • thukuluka v.i. -- come untied
  • thukulula v.t. -- untie; unravei; undo.
  • thukuthela v.i. -- become angry.
  • thukuthelisa v.t. -- make angry; anger; enrage.
  • thukuza v.t. -- hide.
  • thula v.i -- be quiet; be silent; be peaceful.
  • thulisa v.t. -- appease; calm; quieten.
  • thulula v.t. -- empty; pour out.
  • thuma v.t. -- send.
  • thumba v.t. -- enslave; captivate; carry off; capture; pill
  • thumbela v.t. -- refuse to let a calf suck (of a cow).
  • thumela v.t. -- send; send to.
  • thumeza v.t. -- cause to send; send
  • thunaza v.t. -- ill-treat.
  • thunda v.i. -- urinate.
  • thundubala v.i. -- become blunt.
  • thunga v.t. -- 1; sew; darn; 2; pour out; serve (esp. beer)
  • thungamela v.t -- guide; lead
  • thungatha v.t. -- follow a scent.
  • thungela v.t. -- set fire to.
  • thungulula v.t. -- open eyes for the first time (as a kitten).
  • thunqa v.i -- smoke; rise of smoke
  • thunuka v.t. -- 1; hurt fedings of; 2; hurt OD a sore place.
  • thunukala v.i. -- 1; get upset; get upset easily; 2; get hurt
  • thusa v.t. -- 1; help; 2; treat a calf with certain medici
  • thutha v.t. -- move home; move from one place to another
  • thuthaza v.t. -- make a fool of.
  • thuthuka v.i. -- 1; grow; progress; 2; move; go away.
  • thuthumela v.i. -- shiver; quake.
  • thuthuza v.t. -- puff out (as smoke); discharge (as matter f
  • thutsha v.i. -- appear suddenly.
  • thuza v.t. -- strike or attack (esp. with a stick).
  • thwahlaza v.t. -- hit with a missile.
  • thwala v.t. -- 1. bear or carry on head or on shoulder; 2.b
  • thwalelana v.t. -- ignore others; refuse to greet others.
  • thwasa v.i. -- 1; appear or come out for the first lime (as
  • thwayizela v.i. -- bob up and down when moving along (as does an ostrich)
  • thwetsh'ula v.t. -- tear right off (as skin of an animal).
  • tolika v.t. -- interpret; translate.
  • topola v.t. -- prick with beak.
  • tota v.i. -- sink down in wet or muddy place.
  • totoba v.i. -- walk feebly (as old person).
  • totoza v.t. -- pet; pamper; spoil
  • tsahaza v.t. -- scatter; strew.
  • tsaka v.t. -- squirt out of mouth (between the teeth).
  • tsha v.i -- 1; burn; become burnt: 2; dry up.
  • tshabalala v.i. -- disappear for ever; come to nothing.
  • tshada v.t. -- marry; perfom marriage ceremony.
  • tshadisa v.t. -- marry; perform marriage ceremony.
  • tsh'akala v.i. -- run about (as a run away horse).
  • tshakaza v.i. -- come into flower ( of corn plant).
  • tshaphaza v.i. -- be slovenly; be lazy.
  • tshaphuluka v.i. -- 1; be revived; 2; be straight (of stiff limb
  • tshaqa v.i. -- be acrid; be bitter.
  • tshaqeka v.i. -- be appalled; be amazed.
  • tshatshama v.i. -- be plentiful.
  • tshaya v.t. -- 1; beat; hit; strike; 2; punish 3; play a ba
  • tshayana v. -- strike one another; collide.
  • tshayela v.t. -- drive a vehicle
  • tshaza v.t. -- blast with cold; blacken with frost.
  • tshazwa v.i. -- be frosted; be frost-bitten.
  • tsheba v.t. -- 1; eat or take relish; 2; flavour; add flavo
  • tsheda v.i. -- move backwards; move sideways.
  • tsh'eka v.i -- 1; lean; incline; 2; have diarrhoea.
  • tsh'ekela v.i. -- lean on; incline towards.
  • tsh'ekisa v.t. -- 1; lean; prop; 2; give a iaxative to.
  • tsh'ela v.t. -- tell; inform.
  • tshelela v.i. -- slip; slide; be slippery.
  • tshena v.i. -- cut teeth.
  • tsh'engisa v.t. -- show; point out.
  • tshetsha v.i. -- move quickly; hurry
  • tshetshezela v.i. -- trot; shufffle aloog quickly.
  • tshibilika v.i. -- turn right round.
  • tshikatshika v.i. -- toil; toil at.
  • tshikitsha v.i. -- dance.
  • tsh'ikiza v.t. & v.i. -- wag (the tail); vibrate; quiver.
  • tshila v.t. & v.i. -- twist; twistwound.
  • tshinga v.i. -- be unruly
  • tshinikeza v.i. -- sulk; show unwillingness by look or action.
  • tshipha v.i -- 1; be cheap (in perf. only: kutshiphile„it i
  • tshipheka v.i. -- get fed up with; get disgusted with.
  • tshiphela v.t. -- cause one to have aversion from; cause one t
  • tshisa v.t. -- 1; burn; burn up; scorch; 2; dry; dry up; v.
  • tshiseka v.i. -- be very keen to do; be zealous.
  • tshitsha v.i. -- walk quickly.
  • tshitshiliza v.i.;vt. -- 1; glance off; 2; skid; slide.
  • tshitshimba v.i. -- dance (a dance of olden times).
  • tshiya v.t. -- abandon; leave behind; omit; neglect.
  • tshiyoza v.i. -- cheep.
  • tsho v.t. & v.i. -- 1; assert; say; 2; think; mean.
  • tshobola v.t. -- prick with beak.
  • tsh'oka v.t. -- shoot an arrow; squirt water.
  • tsholobela v.i. -- disappear eventually.
  • tshombuluka v.i. -- come uncoiled.
  • tshombulula v.t. -- uncoil.
  • tshona v.i. -- 1; go down sink; sag; be deep; 2; set (cf su
  • tshono v. -- imperative form of verb -tsho.
  • tsh'opoka v.i. -- spring.
  • tshotsha v.i. -- 1; wander off (of animals) move ahead quickl
  • tshotshobala v.i. -- cringe; cower (as with fear).
  • tshova v.t. -- 1; pedal (a bicycle) 2; push.
  • tshudula v.i.;v.t. -- shuffle.
  • tshuka v.t. -- rub together in hands; soften a skin; curry.
  • tshukuma v.i. -- toss about (restlessly).
  • tshumayela v.t. -- preach; declare.
  • tshumayeza v.t. -- preach to; address.
  • tsh'ungubala v.i. -- squeeze through' a narrow place.
  • tshutshisa v.t. -- prosecute.
  • tshutshuma v.i. -- have excess of fat.
  • tshwabhana v.i. -- shrink up; shrivel up; become withered.
  • tshwakaza v.i. -- rustle (of something in undergrowth); make s
  • tshwama v.t. -- toughen up (esp. warriors by witchcraft pro
  • tshwapha v.i. -- become thin; become emaciated.
  • tshwaphuluka v.i. -- be revived.
  • tshwaphulula v.t. -- revive.
  • tshwaqa v.i. -- 1; be nervous; 2; shrink (of a ound).
  • tshwaqisa v.t. -- unnerve; make he hair stand on end.
  • tshwathika v.t. -- hide away; slip in under (to conceal).
  • tshwatshwaza v.i. -- 1; make hissing noise (as oasting food); 2;
  • tshw'aya v.t. -- sprinkle salt.
  • vakatsha v.i. -- visit.
  • vala v.t. -- close; shut; lock the way.
  • valela v.t. -- 1; shut in; 2; shut out; exclude; shut again
  • valelisa v.t. -- take leave of; say goodbye to.
  • vama v.i. -- abound; become plentiful.
  • vamvuza v.t. -- sprinkle (powder; etc.).
  • vathuza v.t. -- knock or shake off (as fruit from a tree).
  • vela v.i. -- 1; come forth; appear; 2; come from; 3; happ
  • velela v.t. -- happen to; befall.
  • vetheza v.i. -- gossip.
  • veza v.t. -- 1; bring forth; show; produce; 2; expose; 3;
  • vika v.t. -- 1; avoid; dodge; duck; 2; ward
  • vikela v.t. -- 1; defend; 2; ward off; take preventive meas
  • vikeleka v.i. -- become safe.
  • vikiza v.t. -- cut or chop up small.
  • vilapha v.i. -- be idle; be lazy.
  • vimba v.t. -- block up; stuff up.
  • vimbana v.i. -- become stuffy.
  • vimbanisa v.t. -- 1; make a lot of noise 2; make stuffy.
  • vimbela v.t. -- prevent; close the way to; block the way gai
  • vimbezela v.t. -- shut in; besiege.
  • vitsha v.t. -- pack tight (of hedge).
  • viyoca v.i -- move down; go down.
  • vodloza v.t. -- smash.
  • votshozela v.i. -- make heavy trudging sound.
  • vuba v.t. -- mix together; stir up.
  • vubela v.t. -- mix with yeast.
  • vuka v.i. -- 1; awake; wake up; 2; rise; revive to life;
  • vukela v.t. -- rise up against; rebel against.
  • vula v.t. -- open.
  • vuleka v.i -- be open; come open.
  • vulela v.t. -- open to; allow in.
  • vumbuluka v.i. -- come uncovered; come unearthed; become revea
  • vumbulula v.t. -- uncover; unearth; reveal.
  • vumela v.t. -- allow; approve; consent permit (N.B.: vunyel
  • vumelana v. -- agree with one another; be of the same mind.
  • vumisa v.t. -- 1; cause to agree; 2; divine.
  • vuna v.t. -- 1; harvest; reap; 2; side with.
  • vunda v.i. -- 1; become rich or fertile (of soil); 2; go b
  • vundisa v.t. -- make the soil rich.
  • vungama v.i. -- growl murmur; grumble.
  • vungula v.t. -- pick the teeth.
  • vunguza v.i. -- blow hard (of wind).
  • vunula v.i. -- adorn oneself in finery; w ar fine clothes.
  • vunyelwa v.pass. -- be lawful; be permitted.
  • vusa v.t. -- arouse; wake up; rouse the feelings (vusa in
  • vuselela v.t. -- revive.
  • vutha v.i. -- blaze; burn up (of fire; angers etc.).
  • vuthela v.t. -- 1; cause to blaze (of fire; anger; etc.); 2;
  • vuthuka v.i. -- fall off; get shaken off; fall about.
  • vuthwa v.pass. -- become ripe; become cooked; become curdle
  • vuvuka v.i -- swell up (as a wound).
  • vuvuzela v.t. -- sprinkle (powder; mealie meal; etc.).
  • vuza v.t. -- 1; award; reward; 2; v.i.; leak.
  • wa v.i. -- fall; drop down.
  • wahlaza v.t. -- slap the face.
  • wakala v.t. -- slap the face.
  • walazela v.i. -- do hastily and carelessly.
  • watsha v.t. -- wash clothes.
  • wela v.i.;v.t. -- fall on to; fall into.
  • wela v.t. -- cross over (a river; etc.).
  • welela v.t. -- cross over to.
  • weza v.t. -- take across.
  • wisa v.t. -- cause to fall; drop; knock down ush down (zi
  • wohloka v.i. -- shower down; fall down.
  • wohloza v.t. -- shake down; shower down.
  • wola v.t. -- gather up rubbish.
  • wumana v.i -- be delirious.
  • xaba v.t. -- roast (on a frame); roast (of the sun).
  • xabana v.i. -- quarrel.
  • xabanisa v.t. -- cause others to quarrel.
  • xaka v.t. -- 1; feed forcibly; 2; place in difficulties.
  • xakazela v.i. -- bustle about.
  • xakela v.i.;v.t. -- have-difficulty in giving birth (of animals)
  • xakulula v.t. -- straighten out (something entangled).
  • xamalaza v.i -- stand with legs apart.
  • xathuka v.i. -- come off in layers or cakes.
  • xathula v.t. -- peel off in layers or cakes.
  • xebuka v.i -- get stripped off.
  • xebula v.t.- -- strip off; peel off.
  • xega v.i. -- become loose; become unsteady; work loose
  • xegisa v.t. -- loosen.
  • xeka v.i. -- give way; get away.
  • xexebuka v.i. -- come off; peel off.
  • xexebula v.t. -- take off; peel off (as scab).
  • xhakela v.i. -- germinate of itself; sprout.
  • xhanxatha v.t. -- gnaw; bite gently.
  • xhapha v.t. -- lap up.
  • xhaphazela v.i. -- 1; splutter (of water); 2; splutter (of peop
  • xhawula v.t. -- shake hands.
  • xhokoza v.t. -- 1; jab; poke; 2; annoy.
  • xhoma v.t. -- 1; hang up; 2; impale.
  • xhopha v.t. -- hurt the eye.
  • xhophosa v.t. -- prick.
  • xhoxhoza v.t. -- sound the depth; feel the depth.
  • xhuma v.t. -- 1; drink a little; 2; graft; splice.
  • xhumelela v.t. -- graft on to; splice on to.
  • xhwala v.i. -- rebel (against authority).
  • xhwatha v.i. -- bubble and seethe.
  • xokozela v.i. -- talk loudly; make a tumult.
  • xolela v.t. -- excuse a person; pardon.
  • xolisa v.t. -- apologise; express regret; beg pardon.
  • xotsha v.t. -- banish; drive off; drive away; chase.
  • xova v.t. -- mix by treading; knead.
  • xoxa v.i. -- chat.
  • xoxela v.i. -- chat about; chat with.
  • xoxomela v.i. -- stand on tiptoe.
  • xoza v.t. -- peel off rind; cut off rind.
  • xuba v.t. -- mix.
  • xubana v.i -- mix; be mixed.
  • xubha v.t. -- rinse or wash the mouth; clean teeth.
  • xukuxa v.t. -- work a tight thing loose.
  • xwaya v.i.;v.t. -- be on the alert; beware; avoid.
  • xwayisa v.t. -- admonish; caution; warn.
  • ya v.i. -- go to.
  • yakaza v.t. -- rinse out; swill out.
  • yalaza v.i. -- be agitated; move in confusion.
  • yaluzisa v.t. -- agitate; confuse.
  • yanga v.t. -- to shame; cause to feel shame.
  • yangeka v.i. -- be shamed.
  • yangisa v.t. -- deride. mock; shame.
  • yekela v.t. -- 1; cease; stop; 2; forgive; 3; let go; leave
  • yeketha v.i. -- hang loosely; be slack (of rope; tc.).
  • yekethisa v.t. -- cause to hang loosely; tie loosely.
  • yenda v.i -- -yendezela;1; stagger; be unsteady 2; sway t
  • yenga v.t. -- allure; seduce; entice.
  • yocuka v.i. -- get taken off (of skin).
  • yocula v.t. -- take a skin off forcibly (by tearing; by bur
  • zaca v.i. -- become thin.
  • zala v.t. -- give birth.
  • zalana v.i. -- be related by blood.
  • zama v.t. -- attempt; try.
  • zamazama v.i. -- shake violently; quake. ku-zanbzama (uku): a
  • zamazamisa v.t. -- shake violently.
  • zamelela v.i. -- press on; press towards; go all out for.
  • zamula v.i. -- yawn.
  • zeka v.t. -- 1; mount: 2; mate (of animals).
  • zekelisa v.t. -- tell riddles.
  • zenga v.i. -- loiter.
  • zibula v.i. -- give birth to firstbom child.
  • zika v.i. -- settle down to the bottom; sink right own.
  • zila v.t. -- 1; abstain from; fast 2; mourn.
  • zilazila v.i. -- move restlessly (as when nervous; etc.).
  • zimuka v.i -- become fat (of people).
  • zingela v.t. -- 1; hunt; 2; persecute.
  • zingeleza v.t. -- go round.
  • zingelezela v.t. -- encircle; surround.
  • zinza v.i -- 1; be comfortable and happy; 2; settle down.
  • zomba v.i -- wind about.
  • zompola v.t. -- snatch.
  • zonda v.t. -- hate; dislike; get cross.
  • zondeka v.i. -- be hateful.
  • zongolozela v.t. -- wind round; wind up.
  • zophana v.i -- take turns with.
  • zophisana v.i -- alternate do in turns.
  • zula v.i -- 1; go about; wander 2; hover.
  • zungeleza v.t. -- encircle.
  • zunguza v.t. -- sway; wave.
  • zunguzeka. v.i. -- sway.
  • zuza v.t. -- attain; obtain; gain.
  • zwa v.t. -- 1; hear; understand; 2; feel; 3; taste.
  • zwakala v.i. -- 1; be heard; 2; be known; 3; taste.
  • zwana v. -- 1; be friendly; 2; hear one another.
  • zwisa v.t. -- cause to feel.
  • zwisisa v.t. -- understand fully.
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