Verbs

Nyanja Verb List

  • abwa -- to itch; cause itching
  • aka -- to be lit; catch fire
  • ala -- to spread; arrange
  • aludwa -- get up one's self
  • aluka -- to be insane
  • aluka -- to take up what is laid down
  • alukula -- to lift off
  • alula -- to take up what is laid down
  • alutsa -- to cause to fold up; to take away completely
  • amba -- to begin; of stream; to take its rise
  • ambala -- to take some out of
  • ambasa -- to feel; grope for
  • ambila -- begin together
  • ambiza -- cause to begin
  • ambiza -- to dry over the fire
  • ambuka -- to ford; to cross ( a river)
  • amika -- to thank; praise
  • amuka -- to rebuke; prob.
  • amutsa -- to set up on end
  • amwa -- to suck the breast
  • andama -- to float
  • andamula -- to raise up and help to float
  • andika -- be near
  • andikana -- to near each other
  • andikila -- be near
  • andikitsa -- ?
  • andikiza -- to bring or put near
  • andukula -- to lift off
  • anga -- to file the teeth
  • anga -- to net over; to tie
  • aNG'ana -- to look at
  • aNG'anila -- show; give a glimpse of
  • angata -- to carry in the arms; hold in one's arms
  • angatula -- to put down what one holds in one's two hands; or to lift up easily with two hands
  • angila -- intertwine; of climbing plants
  • anika -- to spread to dry
  • anja -- to love
  • anjila-anjila -- of climbing plants; to net pots with bark-string; to twine in rows or tiers; of branches to be one above the other in thick foliage; pumpkins are thus netted in a bundle for carrying; some kinds of tr
  • ankha -- to answer
  • ankhula -- to speak; to answer in words; reply
  • ankhula -- to spread mat; &c; upon a cross-pole
  • asama -- to gape; yawn
  • atsa -- to kindle
  • awa -- to ache; be bitter
  • ba -- to steal
  • babada -- beat on the head ; on a tree; on anything hard; not on the body
  • babadula -- to beat
  • badagula -- to force open; to break into anything not by ordinary way; to open the jaws
  • badika -- to put on a patch of wood; cloth; or skin
  • badukula -- to take off a patch; &c.
  • badwa -- to be born; pass. of ku bala
  • bafamula -- to strike; hit; 'dump'
  • bala -- see bala
  • bala -- to bear (children; fruits; of animals also; also; to be respected; powerful; of 'good birth'; carry
  • bala -- to bear; carry
  • balalika -- to scatter
  • balaluka -- to separate from; split
  • baluka -- special meaning; to separate from; as man from his companions; go away by one's self
  • balula -- to split; cleave
  • balutsa -- separate from
  • bamantha -- to strike water with the hand; to clap with the hand; as insmoothing the clay floor of a house; to smooth over with spade or trowel by clapping
  • bandakula -- to open
  • banduka -- to open
  • bandula -- to cleave; open
  • bangula -- to shout; roar
  • banthuka -- to appear or break out of
  • banyila -- to hem
  • banyilitsa -- take a large hem or fold; or to sew firmly
  • bata manga -- to be motionless as bird poised.
  • batilizana -- to take turns; to be returned at work by another going into one's place
  • baya -- to prick; to stab; as with a spear.
  • bebeda -- to nibble
  • bedula -- to nibble; with the teeth; anything hard
  • beleka -- to bear; carry
  • beleka -- to bring forth fruit; to carry on the back; to be fruitful in the way of having children often
  • beluka -- to float
  • bendama -- to go round about; fetch a compass
  • bendela -- as bendama; to fetch a compass
  • bentha -- to go gently; cautiously; or treat gently; that he may come upon him unawares
  • benthuka -- to be chipped
  • benthula -- to chip
  • benthulila -- to break off a piece of anyhthing as cassava; to tell any great secret to a friend
  • benula -- to push something aside a little way so that one may pass
  • benyuka -- to fold the calico aside as to let the limbs be freer in walking
  • bika -- to interlace
  • bila -- to dive
  • biliwila -- to be blue; black
  • bindikila -- to stay in the house
  • bindikiza -- continue in a place; at a thing; &c.
  • binya -- to blunt
  • binyika -- to be blunt
  • binyila -- to fold in or twist in the edge of the cloth round the waist; to bind the edge of the cloth; to tie anything into one's calico round one's waist
  • bisa -- to hide; also fig.; conceal a matter
  • bisala -- to remain hid
  • bisalilana -- to play at hide and seek
  • bisama -- to be hidden
  • biya -- to belch; wind from the stomach; &c.
  • biza -- to immerse
  • bodogola -- to pinch the person
  • bokhola -- to roar as animals
  • bolobosa -- to learn little by little; to make an attempt on doing something
  • bomontha -- to knock
  • bonthola -- to force one's way through a hedge; or through the wall of a house.
  • bonyoka -- to break off; chip off
  • bonyola -- to break off; chip off
  • booka -- to be pierced; of cloth
  • boola -- to pierce; pass through
  • boolela -- tell of; inform [check vowel length]
  • booleza -- to bore; also to inform
  • bsanthuka -- to jump out as mouse from hole
  • bsikula -- to chew the cud; to ruminate
  • bubuda -- to gnaw; nibble; to eat hard things; such as bones; maize; hard meat; &c.; even an apple
  • bubudula -- to gnaw; to chew anything hard
  • budula -- to eat off; nibble off; cut at the rim; &c.
  • buka -- to emerge; to come up in the water; of fire; 'to break out'; of sores;'to break forth'; to burst out of
  • bukhula -- to speak what is in the heart
  • bukhula -- to sprout; to 'shoot forth;' to begin to appear above ground; of breasts; to begin to swell
  • bulika -- to come up; break up through; of mice from their holes; of water in a wet place on the floor; of field-mouse coming out at some other place
  • buluka -- to come up out of
  • buluka -- to send away
  • bulumunda -- to roll on the ground; chiefly in mourning; as a sign of grief and pouring ashes over one's person; of one who rolls about in sleep; of one who stays restlessly in one place; unable to get away; of ro
  • bulumunthila -- to be stumpy as a dog's tail cut; or stumps in fingers of a leper
  • bulumunya -- to roll or suck in the mouth; as stones of fruit; pumpkin-seeds; &c.; or as an old man without teeth rolls his food in his mouth in place of chewing it.
  • bulumunyula -- to suck
  • bulunga -- to be round; to make round; to round into a lump; as a ball; roll of bread; to be shut all round; of a man's stature; to be short; dumpy.
  • bulungika -- be round
  • buma -- to make a humming noise; as bees; the distant shout of men; roar of a lion; &c.
  • bumuntha -- to knock
  • bundikiza -- to shut or cover with a lid
  • buntha -- to knock; strike bluntly against; be blunt; of an arrow; to strike without entering
  • bunya -- to swarm as bees
  • bunyula -- to chip; an axe; &c.
  • busa -- to herd
  • buthama -- to crouch (cf. butha 'crouching')
  • butsa -- to cause to break out
  • buula -- to groan; howl
  • bwabwada -- to boil and bubble; of a pot of food
  • bwabwalika -- to flatter
  • bwabwatika -- to deceive by promising and not fulfilling; to outwit
  • bwada -- to bubble
  • bwafamula -- to beat; let fall; crash; &c.
  • bwatika -- to be underhand; to use false pretences as a man who recruits labour by telling the people that all will be Kapitaos
  • bwaza -- to splash; to beat the water with one's hands
  • bwazitsa --
  • bwebweta -- to babble; to rave; to utter words under believed inspirations; also; to be delirious
  • bweka -- to slander; to say what is to the detriment of a person or of one's self
  • bwela -- to return
  • bweleka -- to lend; lend or borrow
  • bwelela -- to turn to; returning
  • bweleza -- do it over again; &c.; i.e.; cause the doing of it to return; re-cook leaves of beans; mkute; meat; &c.; which has been parboiled for the journey.
  • bwetekuka -- to bluster out inadvisably
  • bwevula -- to turn back
  • bweza --
  • bweza -- to bring back; bring together in one
  • bwezela -- to rebound; to turn; to repay; requite.
  • bwila -- to throw dry into one's mouth
  • byola -- to pass through; to bore through
  • bzada -- to tread upon leaves; &c.
  • bzala -- to sow; to plant; also of layering
  • bzanga -- to 'draw out'; go about round and round; as a dog in smelling for a track
  • bzikula -- to chew the cud
  • bzukula -- to vomit up; as a dog or pigeon
  • bzungunyula -- to twist out
  • cha -- 1. to pluck; 2. to be ripe; 3. to set a trap; cock a gun; 4. give a name; 5. to dawn
  • chakulawa; chak -- to stir round
  • chapa -- to paddle; a canoe
  • checha -- to cut grass with knife
  • checheta -- to cut; gnaw; carve; as rats gnaw grass; maize; &c.
  • chechetela -- to feel gritty in eating
  • checheteza -- to carve
  • chechetula -- to gnaw out; carve out; reversive of checheta
  • chedwa -- to linger; to delay; be late
  • chedwetsana -- to welcome
  • chedzuka -- to tear; as paper; or cross-grained wood; or to be brittle; as decayed wood; &c.
  • chedzula -- break off; tear off; split off
  • cheka -- to cut; saw
  • cheleza -- to make level; as of floor of a house
  • cheleza -- to share with; help; help in need; tend living things with care; cherish; help
  • chembela -- to bear the first-born
  • chenima -- to shine
  • chenjedza -- to cut up fallen trees into logs
  • chenjela -- to be clever; cunning; quick; in speaking; buying; &c.; of game; to take to flight quickly
  • chenjelela -- to outwit
  • chenyedza -- to cut up a tree into blocks; and remove its branches
  • chepa -- to be small; little; too little
  • chepela -- to be a little too small
  • chepetsa -- be very small; make small; count small; and therefore also to despise; treat with insult or contempt
  • chepsa -- to make small; treat lightly; &c.
  • chesula -- to be conceited or despise others
  • cheta -- to take one off from
  • chetha -- to take a piece of maize stalk or any chirombo out of the beer; to pick out people from a crowd; to choose from the villagers the boys who are to form the chief's personal bodyguard
  • cheuka -- to look back; to look round
  • cheula -- to call a person back
  • cheza -- to stay awake all night; either dancing or journeying; &c.
  • cheza -- to strain water through in making salt
  • cheza -- to talk; converse; to visit
  • chezelana -- to greet
  • chezezana -- to visit one another
  • chezima -- to shine; gleam; glitter
  • chikhwitha -- to cut; or saw with a blunt knife
  • chila -- to recover from sickness
  • chila -- to recover; to be whole; well; be recovered
  • chilikiza -- to prop
  • chilikula -- to prop up; lift up at one end; incline against
  • chilimikila -- to asseverate; to hustle; be forcible; to be persistent
  • chilingana -- to contend one with the other as to who is to do a certain thing
  • chilitswa -- to bury one's medicine-bottle after one is well; and; in a sort of way; thus meaning to get well
  • chima -- to groan under a burden; it is also heard instead of chimwa; q.v.; which seems to be quite a different word
  • chima -- to strain at stool; to strain in childbirth - to cry m!m!m!m!
  • chimwa -- to fail; to make a mistake;
  • chinda -- have connection with the opposite sex - of a man
  • chindikila -- to be thick; as a plank of wood
  • chindikitsa -- make thick; be very thick
  • chindikiza -- to give more to one than another; to rain for a long time on end
  • chindikiza -- to make thick; to so make it that it is thick; &c.
  • chinga -- to enclose with a fence in order to catch game
  • chinjika -- to protect; shelter; to interpose; put anything between for a guard; to ward off; to guard by interposition
  • chinjikula -- to remove guard; &c.
  • chinjilika -- to regain one's balance
  • chinyintha -- to press or squeeze; to strain by pressing
  • chinyiza -- to increase; to go on and increase; and of a wound growing larger; of sickness increasing; in the division of food or goods taking more or too much: to increase by addition
  • chisa -- to medicinise; to hinder by medicine; from success; &c.; a caravan on its journey; &c.
  • chisula -- to distort the face; to quarrel
  • chita -- to do; to make; to be; to say: it is used for all sorts of action;
  • chitila -- to descend with quick and easy steps
  • chiza -- to heal
  • chochola -- to hoe up new ground
  • choka -- 1. to go away; 2. to be broken across; 3. to be agile
  • chokhotha -- to dig with a pointed instrument; to poke out; as with a stick; or knife; or pick; poke as with a poker
  • chokhothola -- to dig out witha sharp pointed stick
  • chokocha -- to shuffle cards in playing juga.
  • chokopola -- to withdraw the charge of a gun by means of a ramrod; to snatch away from a person
  • chola -- to break across
  • cholima -- to be steep; &c.
  • cholola -- to spurt out
  • choma -- to be filled up; heaped up;
  • chonga -- to contradict; to non-plus; to convince
  • chotsa -- to take away; to make to go away
  • chucha -- to leak; drip; drop steadily; almost a pour: it is perhaps the same as kukha
  • chuka -- to be spoken about; to be famous
  • chukucha -- to wash one's mouth; rinse a bottle
  • chukuchula -- to roll water inside one's mouth; or shake it in a bottle
  • chula -- to mention; say; pronounce; repeat
  • chula -- to open a boil; as tumbula
  • chuluka -- to be many; increase; be much
  • chulukidwa -- to be occupied with many things
  • chuula -- to take out of water
  • chuwaza -- to dip into
  • da -- 1. to be black; 2. dark; not light; not clearly seen through; 3. to be quiet; to be anxious; to be perplexed; 4. to hate; 5. to be dirty; 6. to be dusk; dark-coloured
  • dabwa -- to be astonished
  • dabwila -- to poke into; with one's finger
  • dakatula -- to pick up things scattered
  • dakhwila -- to breathe with difficulty in dying; to throb; as the vessels of the neck above the collar bone
  • dakwa -- to be drunk
  • dala -- to be blessed; happy; glad
  • dana -- to hate
  • dandaula -- to grumble; complain; grieve for a person; about a thing; expres regret
  • daza -- to bless
  • dekha -- to be gracious
  • dekha -- to settle; as water; also of mind or heart to be quiet; take it easy
  • delela -- to want much; grumbling for more; to refuse what is given or paid; on the ground of its being too little
  • deluka -- 1. to swing; 2. to surpass(?); 3.to faint with the heat; cause to faint
  • deluka -- to pass by quickly so as not to be recognisable
  • delukila -- to run after him; to chase
  • delula -- 1. to swing; 2. to surpass(?); 3.to faint with the heat; cause to faint
  • dendekela -- to carry on one's head; without holding
  • denguma -- to jerk; to shake from side to side
  • dewa -- from kudya; to eat; to be eaten
  • dia -- to eat
  • dibwidika -- to overcook; to be flabby and 'fushionless' on awakening in the morning after a very hot stifling night in the hot season; used also of a lazy useless person.
  • dibwila -- to bubble out
  • dichimuka -- to fall suddenly down; to drop down anything suddenly
  • dichimula -- to dump down suddenly
  • didiliza -- to trample down; to slide along the ground; as when cattle are fighting and slip on soft wet ground; to slip on mud
  • didimuka -- to split; crack; as a tree in falling; wood with the sun; to break; of anything breakable; say with a hammer
  • dika -- to plait or intertwine [check vowel]
  • dikha -- to settle; to be quiet; of water; to become calm; of grains in a liquid; to settle; as dekha; of a person; to be quiet.
  • dikhula -- to be sick; vomit; to remove a prop or support from underneath anything
  • dikhula -- to take out of the ground; pull out of; as a stone overturned from its place in the earth; or a tree with its roots: to overturn
  • dikhwila -- to hiccough
  • dikila -- to wait for
  • dikila -- to wait for; keep watch
  • diliza -- to slander; to add more than is truth to an accusation; also to add accusation whether true or not; to speak evil of
  • dilizila -- to fill in a grave
  • dinda -- to give a blow with the elbow
  • dindita -- to strike with something heavy
  • diwa -- to be marked; as one's face is marked by smallpox
  • diza -- to delay; hesitate; wait; used very often with the negative kusadiza=to do very quickly; easily; &c.
  • doda -- to climb or jump from branch to branch; hopping on to it or catching it with one's hands in jumping on to it; as monkeys and birds
  • dodolika -- to bend the head; and hold the heels in the air as in a game
  • dodolitsa -- to reverse; turn upside down
  • dodoma -- to stammer; to be puzzled; bungle; be 'handless'; in a mlandu; to speak wide of the mark; to confuse a person
  • dolola -- to palm off anything; to praise up anything; as when wanting to sell it
  • dololoka -- to be startled and frightened; as on report of war; or as on receiving distressful news
  • dongosola -- to arrange; to arrange out in order; to unravel; get clear; find one's way; to speak in order; to order; in ordered speech; explain
  • dontha -- 1. to drop; to leak; of a roof; 2. to jump from branch to branch; to cross an ulalo bridge
  • donthokeza -- to pour a little water in with the hand into ndiwo; &c.
  • donyola -- to poke out - e.g.; of a basket 'poked out'
  • doola -- to bore; pierce [check V length]
  • dudukila -- to meddle; to interfere
  • duduluza -- to tow; to pull along anything
  • duka -- to be cut; to be cut or broken across; separated; broken; as a line of men; to cease; stop; stop raining
  • dukhula -- to beat
  • dukidwa -- to be grieved with; be malicious against; covet.
  • dukila -- to vouch; to take an oath
  • dula -- to cut; cut across; to break across; of a path to cross; to cross a road; to 'cut' through the bush; to take a short cut; to intercept; say; a thief; or an animal in hunting; cut short one's words; t
  • dumpha -- to jump
  • dunyula -- to poke with finger or stick
  • dwala -- to be ill
  • dwaza -- to nurse
  • dya -- to eat
  • dyela -- to excel
  • dyela -- to excel; surpass [check dy]
  • dyelana -- to eat in common; each one bringing his share
  • dyelekeza -- to slander; exaggerate; in reports that are not true; to go too far in speaking about a person [check dy]
  • dyetsa -- to eat much; to pasture; give to eat [check tone]
  • dyudyula -- to pound the maize that has got caked in the bottom of the mortar; and to pound it thoroughly
  • dyula -- to pound malt
  • dza -- to come
  • dzadzada -- to chop; hack; as bones; meat; to chop up
  • dzaidza -- to persist; to come again and again
  • dzala -- 1. to fill; to be full; 2. to sow
  • dzalila -- to sow in grass or hoed land
  • dzambatuka -- to jump up quickly and be off
  • dzandila -- to stagger; as a drunk man; to wobble from side to side
  • dzaza -- to fill; to be full
  • dzidzimuka -- to start with fear
  • dzikula -- to chew the cud; ruminate
  • dzikwikwila -- to draw one's self together
  • dzimbidwa -- to be swollen up by eating too much
  • dzimbuka -- to be discontented
  • dzinga -- to be still and quiet; to be still; of water in a stream or river; to settle; of dirty water; that the mud may fall to the bottom.
  • dzinga -- to surround
  • dziwa -- to know [check dz/z]
  • dzokodzela -- to laugh loudly or in a silly way
  • dzola -- to provoke
  • dzola -- to rub one's self with oil; to anoint; to oil a gun
  • dzongola -- to straighten something crooked; to stretch out; to stretch out the hand as in asking for something; to stretch one's self
  • dzoza -- anoint(?)
  • dzoza -- to anoint with oil
  • dzudzula -- to hinder; check; rebuke; to check; to stop a man fro doing anything; to 'take to task'; to stop a thief by calling out to him
  • dzuka -- to arise
  • dzuma -- to sigh; to growl; to grunt; to say 'umph'; a sound of dissatisfaction
  • dzungunyula -- to sprain; twist
  • dzutsa -- to raise up
  • edza -- to fish; to catch fish with a hook
  • edzama -- to lean; incline; lean against
  • edzeka -- to lean anything against; to prop against
  • edzeketsa -- to slope well; fix it firmly
  • ela -- to be white; light; also yera; of whiteness; cleanliness; brightness; clearness; purity; and the best word for holiness
  • elama -- to stoop; as in picking something up going beneath a tree; hoeing; of hanging down one's head; of looking down; also of a pot stooping or sloping in being carried
  • elamuka -- to look up; lift one's self up from stooping
  • elekedwa -- to show off
  • elekela -- to recognise likeness; &c.; to approve
  • elekeza -- to make like; liken; to compare; to think like
  • elenga -- to reckon; count; to read
  • eluza -- to instruct; tell; put right; find fault with; punish; judge; warn
  • embekeza -- to wait for; to wait; to expect; to wait a little
  • enda -- to go; walk; move; flow
  • enela -- to be fit; ought; to be fitting; to match; to be fit for; to suit; to be good for
  • eneza -- to fit
  • enga -- to float on the surface as oil or fat; to skim
  • engeza -- to add
  • engeza -- to float on the top; as enga; of 'scum;' 'skimmings': to float as grass and straws; also of creepers to branch and wave or float above the tree
  • enjeza -- to add
  • enkheza -- to tie lightly
  • epula -- to skim off; to take off the top; as of a pot frothing over; say; in cooking beans
  • esa -- to try; to measure; to do; to make; to tempt; to make into; make 'do duty for;' to call or name
  • esemula -- to yawn
  • eta -- to nurse
  • etima -- to gleam
  • etsemula -- to sneeze
  • eza -- to measure
  • fa -- to die
  • fafana -- to smooth over; cover over; level over; as dust; flour; &c.; with the hand; thus to rub out; confuse; blot out; make all so like as to obliterate distinction
  • fala -- to spread abroad; be abundant; increase; to be common; spread through
  • falikila -- to spread; as water
  • falitsa -- to make known; to spread abroad; as a rumour.
  • famba -- to seize; kidnap; to seize a person unawares; to steal men; carry off or 'lift' cattle or goats; but not things
  • famphula -- to set off a trap; the springing back of the tree which is bent to form the spring of the trap; also of a fishing-rod throwing a fish out of the water
  • fana -- to be like; resemble
  • fanana -- be like each other
  • fanikiza -- to make like; liken
  • faniza -- to be like; to make like
  • fanizila -- to imitate
  • fanizitsa -- to harmonise
  • fanthula -- to scatter things laid together
  • fatsa -- to be gentle; quiet; meek; to stay in one place; and if necessitated to leave; coming back to the same place again
  • fedwa -- from kufa; to suffer bereavement; to be in great sorrow
  • fela -- to die for
  • fela -- to die for
  • fenthela -- to sniff; to sob; to 'heave a sigh;' to snort; to snifter; of animals; &c.; it is the same word as kwembera
  • fesa -- to scatter; sow broadcast; to sprinkle out; to loosen
  • fetsa -- from kufa; to suffer bereavement
  • fewa -- to be soft; gentle; flexible; supple
  • fiika -- see pfika
  • fiila -- to be red; see fira
  • fika -- to arrive; come to; arrive at
  • fila -- to be red; also fiira; fiwira; fuira; fuwira; of bright red or dull red; cloth or sky [check vowel length]
  • finya -- to press; to squeeze; strain milk; to milk a goat
  • finyila -- to shrink; as woollen goods in washing; also to put a tuck in a garment in sewing
  • fisula -- to eat breakfast
  • folela -- to thatch; cover over above
  • fooka -- to be tired; wearied; with hunger; or journeying; or the heat of the sun
  • foola -- to tire out
  • fota -- to wither; of leaves with the sun; of flowers
  • fotokoza -- to correct; to instruct; elate; explain; to prepare; describe
  • fotsela -- to cover over; as with earth; in planting seeds; in renewing a grave; or covering a new one
  • fua -- to be undercooked; of meat; pumpkins; potato; also to have been without sleep
  • fufuma -- to swell; as boiled rice; also stomach with overeating; to expand; as bellows; &c.
  • fufuta -- to rub a skin soft and flexible; rub down tobacco in one's hands
  • fufuza -- to grope for anything
  • fuka -- to rise and spread; as smoke
  • fuka -- to rise and spread; as smoke; steam; even a quarrel; find fault with
  • fuka -- to rise up and spread; as smoke from a fire; steam; even a quarrel; find fault with
  • fukata -- to embrace; to carry a child in one's breast; in one's arms; or of a mother holding a child in her lap; to nurse: it thus comes to have the meaning of conjugal embrace
  • fukilila -- to be smoked; blackened with smoke
  • fukiza -- to smoke
  • fukuka -- to be dug; said also of a tree which; falling over another; pulls its roots right out of the ground
  • fukula -- to dig in soft ground; to dig up; to cast up; as a mole; to dig with the hand in seeking for water; dig in an ash-heep; to 'cast-up' old quarrels; to remind one of past things
  • fukula -- to raise or pull the threads in weaving
  • fukulila -- to heap soil round root of plants: to declare; confess; as of something done long ago
  • fukuta -- to make a wriggling or rustling noise inside; causing attention
  • fukuta -- to rub a skin in preparing it
  • fukutula -- to stretch out an arm
  • fula -- 1. to dig out; as a mole; or as people getting water in a sandy soil; 2. to draw out honey from a hollow tree; to dig out; draw out honey; 3. to strain; from taking out the lees; 4. to castrate; also t [check glosses]
  • fulama -- to swell out as bread set for baking; as the stomach ater a heavy meal.
  • fulatila -- to turn the back on
  • fulika -- to be fat; to be stout; generally used of a person; rarely of an animal
  • fulika -- to prune; to hoe up weeds round plants; as tobacco; or ground nuts
  • fulisa -- to plant maize before the rains begin; to push a potato or cassava into the ashes to be baked
  • fulukuta -- to be restless and move the hands or limbs constantly
  • fulukuta -- to move about in one place
  • fulula -- to stay in one place
  • fulumbuta -- to move; to fidget about
  • fulumila -- to hasten
  • fulumiza -- to hasten; to cause to hasten
  • fuma -- to come from; of a report; to arise out of
  • fumbata -- to grip with the hand; to shut the hand; or to grasp with both hands; one above the other
  • fumbatula -- to relax one's grip
  • fumbila -- to increase a village
  • fumbila -- to smooth ground by trampling with feet ; as Angoni do in the dance
  • fumbula -- to open up; as a path by frequent passing; of a rabbit-track
  • fumbutuka -- to untwine; as a roll or ball of string; to crumble away as a sun-dried brick with rain.
  • fumbwa -- to be eaten into holes; of wood; hard meat; grain; ground-nuts
  • fumpha -- to rehoe an old garden
  • fumphuka -- to bob up after being drawn down; of a float
  • fumuka -- to become sour or stale; to move so as to let another pass; to be faint-hearted; to be listless or odorless; as tobacco which has lain long in the open
  • fumula -- 1. to separate from a heap; 2. to unroof; where one separates and pulls aside handfulls of the thatch; 3. to enlarge a house; 4. to move a little; to move backwards; as from the fire if too hot; 5. t
  • funa -- to wis h; want; seek; care for; desire; love; to be about to
  • funda -- to be warm
  • funda -- to be warm
  • funda -- to cover; cover one's self with; clothe one's self with anything wrapped round
  • funda -- to cover; cover one's self with; clothe one's self with anything wrapped round
  • fundula -- to cast off; as a snake its skin
  • fundula -- to moult; to cast skin as a snake does; to steal one's covering off one's body = as a blanket
  • fundula -- to uncover
  • fungamila -- to cover over and protect; as a hen its eggs or its brood of chickens; as a dog its young; or as a sow
  • fungata -- to cover and protect
  • fungatila -- to hug; as a mother does her child; to set upn eggs or chickens
  • fungila -- to take an oath
  • fungilila -- to curse
  • funkha -- to carry off; remove
  • funkhata -- to embrace
  • funkhuka -- to be concave; to fly back as a spring of a trap
  • funsa -- to ask; make inquiries
  • funtha -- to pilfer; carry off
  • funthula -- to loosen; as string; to undo a burden; to pull out a slip-knot; or a knot tied for speedy untying;
  • funthula -- to shovel away with a spade.
  • funya -- to fold one's legs in sleep
  • funya -- to fold; curl up; roll up; close; tuck up; to fold one's legs in sleep
  • fupa -- to give reward; not payment; to give for nothing at a dance or other ceremony;
  • fupika -- to be short; to be near
  • futila -- to sprinkle things dry
  • futsa -- parboil
  • futsa -- to parboil anything fresh to keep it; as beans; leaves of beans; to carry on one's journey; or to tie up in a bundle for future use; to half cook meat; to keep it from going bad; 'mealies' are thus tr
  • futuka -- to shift
  • futukuka -- to expand; to blow up; as a bladder
  • fuula -- to shout; of people; not a dog or a lion; &c.
  • fuwa -- to be sleepy from having been awake all night; to be underdone; of meat; uncooked; half melted; to be hard and badly cooked; to be unequally fired; of a pot; &c.
  • fuwa -- to be uncooked
  • fuwitsa -- kuenda kosiku; kufuitsa = to travel all night is to be very tired next day
  • fuya -- to tame; to keep tame animals
  • fwalikila -- to spead out; as a report does about any person; or as an army does in making a raid
  • fwamba -- to kidnap
  • fwamphuka -- to go off-of a trap
  • fwanthula -- to scatter and clear out everything; as articles in a room
  • fwasula -- to open; expand as a head of grain; millet; &c.
  • fwichilila -- to be smoked; blackened with smoke
  • fwifwa -- to be worn out
  • gabadula -- to open up; to pick off; or open up anything adhering; say; with one's finger and thumb
  • gabula -- to take off; as a lid; break off; hip off; open up; take off something adhering
  • gadabula -- to open up; something keeping shut; one's hand; a lid; &c.; also to pick off anything adhering
  • gadama -- to lie on one's back; of a canoe; to gape with a wide mouth; of leaves; to be broad and luxuriant; to lie open to the sun; of a pot; to lie on its side; of a house; to have the verandah turned up so
  • gadamika -- to cause to fall backward; to be flat on one's back
  • gadamula -- to pick off anything adhering
  • gaduka -- to overset; to overturn with the hands; of a canoe; to overset; also to lean back; as in rowing
  • gadula -- to overset; to overturn with the hands; of a canoe; to overset; also to lean back; as in rowing
  • gagada -- to chop or hack with an axe; or with a knife; wood; bone; &c.
  • gagadiza -- to quaff
  • galamuka -- to turn quickly round; of a person's eyes; to be clever or quick; to be quick or clever at anything with one's hands; to lift up one's head quickly on being called; to get up; be alert; active; also t
  • galamutsa -- to awaken; to rouse
  • gambatula -- to loosen things adhering to one another; to open the lid of a box; to pick off; to take out or off anything fixed or firm
  • gamphuka -- to be brittle and easily broken
  • gamphula -- to chip out; as of a plate or pot
  • gamuka -- to fall in; as the side of a pit; a river bank; fall down; as the side of an ant-heap
  • gamula -- to give verdict in a mlandu; to take a short-cut across
  • gangata -- to make level; as surface of road; or floor of a house; by smoothing it with a flat trowel
  • ganiza -- to think; suppose; consider
  • gavila -- to lap against the side of a vessel; fluctuate; sway to and fro
  • gawa -- to divide; divide between
  • gea -- to belch; air from the stomach
  • goba -- 1. to hollow out; hew out a drum; cut into a piece of wood; 2. a kind of trap loosely plaited; of considerable length; able to be drawn out; and about the circumference of a rat's body; for catching r
  • gobedeza -- to move about things; to make a noise of moving about
  • gobeka -- to sink in eyes with prominent eyebrows; to be soft (of a tree) and easily hollowed out
  • gogoda -- to knock; beat; knock at the door; knock on wood; with an axe; one's hand; beat bark-cloth; clap one's hands
  • gogomola -- to tap; as a woodpecker
  • gompha -- to peck
  • gona -- to lie down; to sleep; to lie down to sleep; to stay in a place for so long
  • gondomala -- to be stupid
  • goneka -- to call or summon
  • gongosela -- to walk with stick; as elderly person; to do anything slowly and carefully; as in finishing well some piece of work. The idea is slowness with which the thing is done
  • gonja -- to do obeisance
  • gontha -- to be deaf; deafen
  • gonthetsela -- to blunt; to fill in a hole or opening with rubbish or dirt so as to make it useless for its purpose
  • goola -- to break off; as maize bends; to break across
  • gubidiza -- to search thoroughly; to look for anything; as in a house; turning over things in the search
  • gubuduka -- to turn over; roll over
  • gubuduza -- to make a snoring noise
  • gubula -- to strike into; as in digging for mice one arrives at the nest; or for honey when one strikes into the cells; or in an ant-hill
  • guduka -- to overset; overturn; to turn upside down; as a basket falling with things in it; of war; to be swept back again and the country left
  • gudula -- to overset; overturn; to turn upside down; as a basket falling with things in it; of war; to be swept back again and the country left
  • guga -- to be threadbare; to become barren; as an old garden; to begin to look old; as a man getting on in years or a man recently recovered from illness
  • guguda -- to beat; as in pounding a very little grain in the mtondo; to beat; as the heart; to beat or chop firewood; with a duller sound than gogoda; to stamp clay; which is put on the floor
  • gugudila -- to finish the whole of beer in the cup or water in the bowl
  • gula -- to buy; barter
  • guluka -- to slip out; of a tooth from its socket; or a hoe out of its handle; to cease to menstruate - of a woman
  • guluka -- to take out of the socket; to dislocate; take out a tooth; a hoe or axe-head from its handle; a post from its hole [check T; cf. guluka]
  • gulula -- to extract; as a nail from a piece of wood; or a loose tooth; to pluck out weeds; to consume
  • gulula -- to take out of the socket; to dislocate; take out a tooth; a hoe or axe-head from its handle; a post from its hole; to extract; as a nail from a piece of wood; or a loose tooth; to pluck out weeds; to consume
  • gulumunya -- to suck; roll in one's mouth; say fruit stones
  • gumphula -- to take one thing off another when adhering; to break up and hoe away clods of earth
  • gumuka -- to be detached from; separated from
  • gunda -- to knock; to beat
  • gunda -- to thunder; from the sound
  • gundila -- to hem edge of mat or basket
  • gunthima -- to nod with sleep
  • guza -- to drag along the ground
  • gwa -- ku gwetsa mtima; to soothe a person
  • gwa -- to fall; and as in English 'to fall;' 'to fall out;' to fall upon;' mean to happen
  • gwamula -- to hit under the chin in insult; kumenya ku chibwano; or to give a poke with the elbow
  • gwanda -- to cut through
  • gwaza -- to wound; to stab
  • gwedela -- to shake; be slack
  • gwedemula -- to disjoint; dislocate; to overset ; take out a post; tooth; &c.
  • gwedula -- to overset; also gweduka; to be overset; as a pot; a log of wood
  • gwejemuka -- to be loose and broken; gwejegweje; as the lock of a gun broken inside
  • gwela -- see gwa.
  • gwibidi -- disappearing into; as of men carrying loads into a hut
  • gwikila -- to hiccough
  • gwila -- to catch; to hold; get; take hold of; of disease; to 'be taken with;' 'take;' fever; &c.; of fire; to catch; ku gwira nchito; to work
  • gwiligwiza -- to tie lightly; to make firm something which is likely to fall down or to pieces
  • gwilimintha -- to swallow without masticating
  • gwilizila -- to support; as in holding up a falling person or thing; also to act as the intermediary in a marriage
  • gwindimala -- to be muscular; and short of stature
  • gwintha -- to swallow
  • haukila -- to get up quickly and do what is wanted; to be ready and willing
  • ika -- to put; place; bury; of plants which fruit under the ground; to 'lay' of hens
  • ikilila -- to intrust
  • ima -- to be pregnant in early months
  • ima -- to stand; stay; wait
  • imba -- to sing
  • imika -- ku imika mau = ku tantalika mau bwino; to arrange one's words well
  • imilila -- to minister; to stand by; to stand upright; to rise up from a sitting posture
  • inga -- to send away; drive away; frighten away
  • ingitsa -- drive away; see inga.
  • ipa -- to be bad; evil; distasteful; foul
  • ipitsa -- to disfigure; to ruin; to spoil; to seduce a woman; but used only if known or if followed by pregnancy
  • itana -- to call or name
  • iwala -- to forget
  • jadima -- to prance; as a horse; to dance about; as a kid.
  • jeda -- to laugh at; taunt; 'make a fool of'; it is not necessarily malicious
  • jegedwa -- chew
  • jegweda -- to chew
  • jejema -- to look on this side and on that; as a man about to steal and wishing to know if he is unobserved.
  • jejemela -- to be shaved round
  • jejemetsa -- to amaze
  • jemba -- to mark; as with knife or axe
  • jidikila -- to be thick; as cardboard
  • jincha -- to be in good condition; stout and strong
  • jinchila -- to be strong; firm
  • jindimala -- to be chubby
  • jiwa -- to be eaten by a wild animal
  • joba -- to hew out
  • jogoda -- to poke or dig with the finger or a sharp stick.
  • jompha -- to peck; pick; also with an adze; pick
  • kaikakaika -- to halt; hesitate; to doubt
  • kakamila -- to catch fast hold of; urge; stick fast to; also of colours; to be 'fast'
  • kakatula -- to take bites out
  • kalakala -- to scrape out; dig out with the feet; as a mouse; &c.
  • kalakata -- to climb; scramble up - a tree; a bank; a mound; a hill
  • kalamba -- to grow old; also grow ripe; firm
  • kalasa -- to stir up a fire
  • kalima -- to be hollow; or curved out; of a person who has eaten nothing
  • kalipa -- to be fierce; angry; churlish; brave
  • kama -- to milk
  • kamangazula -- to migrate from place to place
  • kamba -- to talk; relate
  • kambila -- of kamba; to send someone with commands to someone else; &c.
  • kambula -- to eat relish without nsima
  • kana -- to refuse; to deny
  • kananda -- to creep as a cat
  • kanda -- to knead; dough; also earth
  • kandidwa -- to be scratched; as with thorns
  • kandulula -- to scratch; as with thorns
  • kangamila -- to grasp; grapple; hold fast; cleave fast together
  • kanganitsana -- to quarrel
  • kaNG'antha -- to beat; beat fast; shower blows; as with the hand one beats the straining beer-basket to make the liquid run freely through
  • kanganula -- to loosen; reversive of kanganika; to tighten
  • kangaula -- to take off one thing adhering to another; or lying upon another
  • kangaza -- to hasten; urge; press upon; strive; to do dilgently; as kanga; of which it is a form
  • kangula -- to cut open
  • kanika -- mwala wakanika; to fail to move the stone - i.e.; the stone refused
  • kanikiza -- to press; urge; press in; say a spear; to force upon
  • kanila -- to turn 'King's evidence' and give evidence against one's accomplices
  • kanilila -- to be fast; to be fast shut; &c.
  • kankha -- to push; 'shove;' also to wave away with one's hand; to touch a person; to move off; to roll something heavy that can't be lifted
  • kankhizila -- to force
  • kantha -- to beat; anything soft; as a cloth in washing it; beating with wood; thus to 'wash' clothes; also to beat with the fist; to kill; then of the sun or rain to 'beat upon.'
  • kanula -- to open as an armlet
  • kanya -- to crush and knead sabola (chillies) for the ndiwo; to knead or mix; dough; flour; earth; tobacco; in making up a ball
  • kanyanga -- to press; to grip at the throat; to squeeze as in pressing out matter from a boil or wound
  • kanyanga -- to work dough; to mix to a thickesh consistency; earth; flour; &c.; also of things touching each other
  • kapa -- to bale water out of a boat
  • kapakapa -- to flutter as a bird does its wings
  • kasa -- to stretch skin over a drum
  • kasa -- with ng'oma; to cover a drum
  • kasula -- to open up; cut open; an animal; a house; a bag
  • katsa -- to light matches; strike fire; also get fire with powder and two stones; but this is most probably gasa moto; gasani moto; and this again may be connected with atsa; yatsa.
  • kauka -- break off; split off; a bit of bark; lamina of iron; leaves from the stalk; a small bunch from the banana head of fruit; a bit of a pot; jar
  • kaula -- break off; split off; a bit of bark; lamina of iron; leaves from the stalk; a small bunch from the banana head of fruit; a bit of a pot; jar
  • kazinga -- to roast; to fry (without water)
  • kha -- to drop; drip; to leak; be strained through
  • khadzula -- to break; chip; pull off; of things which are brittle or have some similar brittle hold
  • khafula -- to strike a match; to spit
  • khakhala -- to be rough; hard; rugged; as a skin; a path
  • khakhamuka -- to crack; as a pot in cooking
  • khakhathala -- to be dry; withered
  • khala -- 1. to sit; to remain; to be; to wait; to become; to happen; 2. to rub; powder; crumble down; as tobacco into snuff; with one's hands or with a stone; also (an extension of the same); to scrape; as a d
  • khalila -- to sit for; &c.
  • khalima -- to fall in drops
  • khankhiliza -- to do something with bad results
  • khanyuka -- to lie with one's legs spread out
  • khathamila -- to be wet with rain; &c.; as the body with rain; the ground with a shower or with dew; anything cooked with too much water
  • khathamiza -- to wet
  • khathila -- to lap; with the hand; or of a dog lapping
  • khathimila -- to be wet
  • khazika -- to set; place; establish; make wait
  • khobola -- to break across; wood; a roasted maize-cob; to give a bit to one's companion; anything flexible; a stalk of cane; a bit of cassava-root; &c.
  • khodobola -- 1. to cut the hair round above the ears or at the back of the neck: this is most probably derived meaning; from the idea of plucking or cutting out a patch of hair as they do with the lumo; or razor;
  • khodzoka -- to break through the middle; break off.
  • khofoka -- to be tired out; withered up; of maize ripe and bending down; of a man 'dead beat' with travel or hunger; of leaves withered
  • khoka -- to bid; make an offer [check tone]
  • khoka -- to draw together; to harden; as skin or cream 'forms' on milk; or as the juice of a tree hardens when it runs down from the incision made; or as ice; unknown in the tropics of course... [check tone]
  • khoma -- to beat; knock; hit; to hammer
  • khonja -- to yield; to submit; to surrender
  • khonjetsa -- to over-power; to suppress; to subdue
  • khonyola -- to break off; from a stalk; as a banana; or maize-cob
  • khonyola -- to refuse because too little
  • khota -- to be bent; crooked;
  • khotsomola -- to cough
  • khovola -- to pound soft substances
  • khoza -- to do; to do well; accomplish; be able to do; manage to do; be right
  • khucha -- to shake; to be loose; as of anything requiring fastening
  • khuchula -- to shake out; as out of a bottle; lees out of a pot; &c.
  • khuchumula -- ?
  • khudza -- to touch
  • khufula -- to be pressed out; to come up or out; to spread soft out; to cluster soft.
  • khukhuluza -- to pass close to anything so as almost to graze it
  • khukhuza -- to rub against anything; as an animal in scratching itself
  • khula -- to rub; clean; polish; rub off; wipe; to rub with oil; clean a gun; rub with the hand or calico; polish an axe-handle; rub the fibrous covering off sweet cane; sugar-cane &c.; to rub the body; wipe pe
  • khulila -- to smooth round
  • khulula -- to unstring; lower; loosen; to be lenient; merciful; forgive; to unwind thread from a bobbin; be soft; lose strength; to quiet rage; to pull out a piece of grass at the joint; to faint with the heat;
  • khululuka -- to grow mild; subside; of bitter things; of anger
  • khulumuka -- to begin to get thin
  • khulungila -- to lie a long time in one place in hiding; or in waiting for anything; as a wounded animal does.
  • khulupila -- to trust; expect; hope in; look for; hope for; expect a person; to be in need of; to be pleased with a special thing; hold to a thing; look carefully at; take care of.
  • khumata -- to be silent; still; say; with one's arms folded; or crossed upon one's shoulders; sadly or sulkily; or simply quiet; as a butterfly with folded wings
  • khumba -- to wish; desire
  • khumbutula -- to take off a piece of bark from a tree; unwind; undo
  • khumula -- twist or break the neck; to strangle; sprain; draw or wring a fowl's neck; also to draw out; pull up by the root; as a stalk of maize; a bunch of grass; pull the leaves of a plant; crack one's fingers
  • khumuza -- to take grain off the cob
  • khupuka -- to get rich suddenly; especially after being poor
  • khuta -- to be satisfied; said of hunger appeased; or mind or heart gratified; it comes to be a sort of equivalent for 'thank you;' seeing a person's best thanks are to be satisfied with what one gives him
  • khuthala -- to be stiff; of calico.
  • khuthuka -- to pour in...antu a khuthuka; men come 'pouring in' when they hear there is a beer-drinking
  • khuthula -- to pour out of; shake things out of a bag; pour flour which has been spread to dry off the mat...
  • khuthula -- to uncover
  • khuvulila -- to beat the water; splash; paddle; as in walking in deep water; say; up to the thighs; to beat the water while fishing; the fish think their companions are feeding and so take the bait; to beat the wa
  • khuzumuka -- to be quietened; loosened; set off as a gun; let fall; lose bitterness; or intense heat; anger
  • khwa -- to fall lightly
  • khwadzula -- to flog; to belabour
  • khwalakhwala -- to go about seeking for anything
  • khwalakhwaza -- to scrawl as in writing
  • khwalala -- to be broad
  • khwapalala -- to hang down; of a woman's breasts
  • khwaphuka -- to rise up suddenly; to appear suddenly; as when buffaloes are feeding and one sees only two till suddenly the whole herd rises.
  • khwasula -- to take a little; taste a little
  • khwathula -- to snatch away; carry off
  • khwatsula -- to skiff past; skiff off
  • khwatsula -- to snatch away
  • khwekhwelela -- to sit and move along; as a lame or wounded man; as a baboon; a child not yet able to walk
  • khwekhweletsa -- to haul
  • khwethemuka -- to shake
  • khwima -- to be strong; ripe; to be firm
  • khwinyata -- to shrink up; shrivel up; curl up; to dry; wither; be rolled up; as leaves; dried skin; roasted meat; &c.
  • khwisula -- to offer sacrifice to the spirits for rain
  • khwizila -- to hound dogs on to game; or to bite or seize a person
  • koa -- to bend
  • kocheza -- to come to land
  • kodola -- to beckon; to 'nudge'; also to 'wink' to; also to scrape with the finger; as kolosa; to sound or play the kalirangwe a kind of fiddle-banjo with the finger
  • kodza -- to urinate
  • koka -- to pull; draw; drag
  • koka -- to sweep round; as a boat round an island; a person round some object opposing; but it also means 'to bring a boat to land;' or 'to a standstill.'
  • kokana -- of things which interlace and cover over; as straw; leaves; twigs; &c.; upon the top of the water; but also of fat hardening on the top
  • kokela -- to gather into a scum or interlaced mass; as 'flotsam' of grass and rubbish in a flood
  • kokeza -- to come to a stop; of a canoe at the bank or on a 'snag' in midstream; also to sweep round and disappear behind; as a canoe round an island
  • kokola -- to rake; gather; reap; to heap and carry away.
  • kokolola -- to sweep off; take off the top; as epula; only stronger
  • kokoma -- to roar; as rain; rapids; a bush-fire; thunder; &c.
  • kokomeza -- to leave a person alone under the belief that he is dangerous or poweerful when he is not so; to keep a man; who is doing evil; from due punishment; in consequence of which he does it again; to let a
  • kokota -- to scrape out; with the finger; to scrape off; scrape together; with the hand or fingers or a stick; also to sweep off.
  • kokoteka -- to be difficult; to cause pain
  • kokotola -- to scrape out
  • kola -- to catch; very close to the English idiom; to 'catch' one's breath; to 'catch' sickness; to 'catch' fire (kolera); to catch hold of; specially of a trap; to catch game-of thorns; to catch one's person
  • kolana -- see kola
  • kolana -- to interweave; interlace; intertwine; as thorns; as a net woven with meshes; of tangled thread; of the appearance of entrails; of walking arm in arm; or hand in hand; kolane kolane
  • koleka -- to hang up upon a peg; link on to; as meat upon a stick; &c.
  • kolela -- to light fire
  • kolela -- to net over; as pots or gourds with luzi; bark; so as to carry them without their being broken
  • koleletsa -- to season
  • koleza -- to light; ignite; kindle
  • kolokota -- to scrape; dig; scrape out; as kolosa; to pick out
  • kolola -- to break off something from above; chiefly of maize-cobs from the stalk; also of bananas when one leaves the bunch uncut.
  • kololoka -- to bend downards; of maize-heads when ripe - i.e.; to bend so as to be pulled off; of maize; millet when still unripe; bananas.
  • koloola -- to scrape out
  • kolopola -- to take out; as a thorn; put out; as an eye.
  • kolopola -- to undress; to snatch something away from another; to remove maize-cobs from stalks; to take down from a height; to uncouple a pair
  • kolosa -- to dig; scrape out; scrape away; dig out; pick out.
  • kolosola -- to dig out and dig out
  • koloweka -- to link; to bend
  • kolowekana -- to be linked together
  • kolowola -- to scrape out; as ashes from a pipe; wax from the ear; soft pulp from the inside of a pumpkin; little patches of hair from the head.
  • koma -- to be good; kind; indulgent; taste well; be handsome; please; be agreeable; fit or suit well: it is the best word for goodness in general; along with bwino.
  • komana -- to meet with; also to fight with; i.e.; to knock one another.
  • komba -- to scrape a pot or dish with the forefinger as children do; ku komba mbale; to scrape a morsel along in the gravy; to knock with the knuckle on the mouth
  • komoka -- to faint; as with the heat of the sun; to be in a state of coma; of leaves; to wither with the sun; to die on the spot.
  • komola -- to cause to faint; kill outright
  • komola -- to give the death blow
  • komphola -- to cause to squeeze out; to be squeezed and jump out; as a cork jumping from a bottle; a maggot or pus squeezed out of a wound; if; say; tomatoes are being squeezed in a piece of cloth and one of them
  • konda -- to please; to love
  • kongola -- 1. to be beautiful = ku koma; 2. to owe; both Yao and Mang'anja; comes to mean to borrow; in the sense of 'I shall owe this.'
  • kong'ontha -- to beat with a stick
  • kongwa -- to be weakened with cold or hunger; seized with cold.
  • konkha -- to sprinkle or pour a little water; as in pounding maize one takes a little water from time to time and pours it in; or as in pouring a little water on the dry bark string to moisten it.
  • konola -- to pound; used of the first pounding of maize
  • konomphola -- to extract; as a thorn which has gone very deep; to pluck out an eye
  • konza -- to correct; beautify; to mend; to repair; reconcile; rule; help; make good; put right; also; euphemistically; to kill.
  • kooka -- to pull together; pull off
  • koola -- to pull together; pull off
  • kopa -- to persuade by enticing; to seduce
  • kopatila -- to gather into the bosom; to place in the armpit; under the arm.
  • kosomola -- to cough
  • kotama -- to bend; stoop; stoop down; crouch down; stoop as an old man; sit as a fowl upon the nest
  • kowa -- to hook; to catch; to pull towards one; also to bend; to be hooked or crooked; whic is better kowama; with its adv. kowakowa.
  • kua -- to add a fringe to cloth
  • kua -- to be lean; as a dog; beast; man
  • kua -- to shout; cry out
  • kuchuza -- to wash out a bottle thoroughly; to churn milk in a gourd cup by shaking the contents backward and forward.
  • kudzula -- to pluck off; feathers of a fowl; hair of a goat; also hair or fur of a skin buried to make it soft that the hair may easily come off.
  • kukha -- to drop; leak
  • kukula -- to plaster or close round a house or kraal with grass; thorns; or mud; chiefly; of course; with grass (tsekera); as most commonly done
  • kukulila -- drink largely
  • kukuma -- to roar; like thunder; as rapids; rain; fire.
  • kukuta -- to eat anything hard; or that sounds hard; as munching an apple; as a dog in gnawing a bone knocks it against the ground; as in eating green maize.
  • kukuta -- to gnaw anything hard; as a dog a bone.
  • kula -- to increase; to grow; also to be great; to enlarge in any way.
  • kulukula -- to prevent by persuading a person
  • kulukuta -- to be smooth; rubbed clean or smooth
  • kulumiza -- to smear as persons do with ashes for joy at the return of friends from a journey; or for grief at a maliro
  • kulumunya -- to suck in the mouth
  • kulunga -- to make smooth; as a floor rubbed with a stone; of a jar; to take off the rough husk
  • kulunga -- to wait or stay in the house
  • kulunga -- to wind round; twine round
  • kulupala -- to be fat; to grow fat; to thrive
  • kulupala -- to thrive to grow fat
  • kuluwika -- to speak so as to deceive
  • kumana -- to meet
  • kumba -- to dig
  • kumbuka -- to think; remember
  • kundika -- gather; collect; store; hoard
  • kundiza -- to store; keep
  • kundula -- to put aside; fold aside; as a mat or a piece of cloth to see what is behind it
  • kunga -- to fasten tight; make firm; wind a bowstring round and round the end of the bow in stringing it; to make rigid
  • kunga -- to lay the stones in readiness to make a fire and put on the pot
  • kungudzika -- to be eaten; gnawed off
  • kungudzuka -- to be eaten; gnawed off
  • kungula -- to take off from; as thread off a bobbin; cloth off a fence; a web of cloth from the loom; flour drying from a mat; of war; to clear out of a country
  • kunguna -- to pass under; be loose; as a bracelet
  • kung'untha -- to beat with a stick; as in beating a carpet
  • kung'untha -- to knock; shake; beat; beat with the hand; as a basket
  • kungunuka -- to vanish; as vapour; or mist; to come off; as the bark of a tree
  • kungunula -- to unloosen; take off; as a string of beads from one's neck; skin from a drum; take off a roof; &c.
  • kunkhulika -- to speak away fom the point at a mlandu
  • kunkhulila -- to roll on the ground; of a pot or anything similar
  • kunkhunila -- to roll over; to roll anything
  • kuntha -- to beat; to shake; dust; as in dusting a mat; to beat with the hand in dusting cloth
  • kunyala -- to wither up
  • kunyuka -- to mope; to refuse; to grumble at what has been given as too little; 'take the pet' and go off.
  • kupa -- to flap; fan; stir; bale out water; also to cut away the grass
  • kupata -- to embrace
  • kupila -- to wink
  • kupiza -- to fan
  • kupula -- to take off the skin; bark a tree; pluck a fowl; 'pug' the hair off a skin; to cut grass - i.e.; to cut or pluck as it were the dambo
  • kusa -- to hoe lightly; on the surface; to hoe over an old field; to heap lightly together into one place; to keep goats or cattle together in one place; to herd
  • kuta -- to wrap up; as in cloth or leaves a small bundle of food or anything; to cover up; cover over; also to cover with thatch; to thatch.
  • kutila -- to cover; hide; veil
  • kutumula -- to shake off; dust; as one does a cloth or a coat or a mat; to shake one's self; as a dog when it comes out of the water
  • kuza -- to enlarge; call or esteem great; increase much in size
  • kuzilila -- to sew the edge of a mat
  • kwadzula -- to break off the crackly leaves of maize; or other leaves
  • kwana -- to be sufficient; spread over; to be equal to; to meet; to be enough for.
  • kwapata -- to put under one's arm; to cross strings of beads under the one arm and over the other shoulder
  • kwapatula -- to take from under one's arm
  • kwapula -- to flog; beat off; as one beats dew off the grass beside the path in early morning travelling
  • kwata -- to marry; said of the man; while kwatibwa or kwatidwa is used of the woman
  • kwatana -- copulate of human beings
  • kwatitsa -- give in marriage
  • kwawa -- to creep; crawl; as a child; as in stalking game; as an animal or insect
  • kwechesa -- to rub
  • kweka -- to loop; to hang by a hook; to hang up; hang by a string
  • kwela -- to climb
  • kwela -- to climb; ascend; to rise
  • kwelana -- copulate; of animals
  • kwemba -- to sniff up; snuff up; also; to sob; to 'draw' tobacco; to suck water through a reed; draw up water as in a squirt
  • kwenzula -- to twist the mouth in sneering at a person; to make a grimace
  • kwia -- to be angry; to show anger
  • kwichisa -- to rub together
  • kwidzila -- to hem mats; baskets
  • kwilila -- to cover; to cover over
  • kwindima -- to be small; short and stout; dwarfish; but not necessarily a dwarf; rather is it well-knit; used of men; animals; grain; of a skin or bag to be dry and hard; well dried; but not necessarily dried up
  • kwinya -- to pull up; tuck up; wrinkle up; shrivel up; as one's calico if it fall down about one's feet
  • kwinyiza -- to blunt
  • kwinyiza -- to bundle up; roll up; as thread or string; or anything rolled into a cloth
  • kwiya -- to be angry; to show anger
  • labada -- to care for; heed
  • labadila -- to mind; to be worrying oneself especially about nothing or trifles
  • laka -- to baffle; puzzle; to prevail; to be powerful
  • laka -- to desire; long for
  • lakalaka -- to hanker after
  • lakata -- to fall scattered; as grains; crumbs; rain
  • lakatika -- to babble
  • lakatula -- to pick up things scattered; also to utter oracular words; scatter out many words; &c.; babble; be inspired; compose poems
  • lakwa -- to be inaccurate; to shoot and miss; to fall short; to fail; to sin
  • lala -- to wear out; be finished; be quenched; of fire; to be finished by degrees
  • lalata -- to evil entreat; taunt; speak harshly or evilly to; not to swear at; or to speak unlawfully; but rather such ill will as - 'you may die this year'
  • lalika -- to proclaim to; to make known; tell a number of people; herald; summon; spread tidings; collect for war; &c.
  • lalika -- to spread out
  • lama -- to be whole; well; good; beautiful; healthy; to be in life; to expand; increase; also to escape; be saved; preserved
  • lamba -- to do obeisance; pay respect to; obey; honour as master or chief; to come and sta y under a chief
  • lambala -- to pass round by the side of; to skirt; to skirt round by the side of the house or of a field; to graze cut off the side of
  • lambalala -- to skirt round
  • lambula -- to clear away; round; or off; sweep away; hoe grass from the path; clear the dry grass away from the grave that the fire may not sweep over it.
  • lamula -- to command; rule; give orders; as a chief; also to tell
  • landa -- to steal; to rob; take; receive
  • landana -- to be like; resemble
  • landila -- to receive
  • landilila -- to relieve of
  • landitsa -- to set free; to cause to hand over; to rescue
  • landula -- to object; refuse; to deny; to reject
  • langa -- to carry off; steal all
  • langa -- to instruct; reprove; punish with words or with stripes
  • langiza -- to make known; to point out; to instruct
  • languluza -- to harm; to injure by stealing
  • lankhula -- to talk; to salute
  • lapa -- to regret; be surprised; to repent; also to tell about; bring back a report
  • lapila -- to lick; lap
  • lapita -- to lick
  • lasa -- to shoot; to hit; to wound
  • laula -- to swear; to utter things unlawful; to speak words by the spirits; of trees and voices supposed unnaturally to speak; to swear at a person; to meet with bad omen; to meet with signs of evil import; al
  • lavula -- to spit; to spit out
  • lawa -- to taste; also test; try; start off in the early morning
  • lawila -- to take leave of
  • leka -- to let; leave; stop
  • lekelela -- to bear with; to spare
  • lela -- to nurse; nourish; be 'lenient;' gentle; soft; weak; tired; to be kindly; bring up as a mother does her child.
  • leletsa -- to separate two combatants; to rescue from a wild beast
  • lema -- to be tired/ heavy in various ways; tired of; also in the compounds lemera; lemekeza; lemeka; be honourable; wealthy; a man of weight; a man of substance.
  • lemba -- to draw; grave; write; cut out of; draw round; 'fetch a compass'
  • lemekeza -- to honour; thank
  • lemela -- to be heavy; to be rich
  • lemeleza -- to be very rich; to be held in esteem by the people
  • lemeza -- to enrich; be rich
  • lenda -- to be gluey; sticky; stringy; as boiled leaves; as gum; also to swing
  • lenga -- 1. to do wonders; create; do things beyond the power of man; 2. to soar suspended in the air
  • lengeza -- to challenge
  • lengeza -- to make known; to proclaim; to send round notice
  • lengula -- to be faint with hunger; dizzy; without strength; of water; to be calm
  • lengula -- to cut; pare
  • lenjekeka -- to be hung up; as a picture; or as a bat hangs itself up
  • lenza -- to tease out; tear into shreds; tease out a fringe
  • lephela -- to be at a loss; unable to do a thing; puzzled; baffled
  • lethuka -- to swoon
  • letsa -- to hinder
  • lewa -- to avoid; avoid missiles; arrows; stones; to lean to one side; or to go to one side to let anything pass
  • leza -- to lower
  • libwidika -- to be still and quiet in the limbs; to be soft from over-boiling
  • likha -- to hew down; to fall down; to hew down a tree; to fall as of rain; also to knock down; a house; a man; &c.
  • likhula -- to knock over; cause to fall
  • lila -- in the sense of want
  • lila -- to cry
  • lila -- to cry; weep; sound; as a bell; an animal's 'cry;' of any sound; cry for; want; need
  • lilima -- to thunder; to roll or roar; as thunder; rapids; rain; guns; to give out sound of flame; or water running over stones
  • lima -- to hoe
  • limba -- see limba - to be strong
  • limba -- to be firm; hard; strong; to be difficult
  • limbikitsa -- to establish; to make firm
  • limbilila -- to lay by hold of; for support
  • linda -- to wait
  • linda -- to wait
  • lindilila -- to guard by warding off blows
  • lindima -- to thunder
  • lindima -- to thunder
  • linga -- to measure; to say; to think; to be;
  • lipa -- to pay
  • lipa -- to pay; pay for; solve by payment; generally used in the payment of mlandu; but used widely as a general term for payment
  • liphithika -- to be limp; and unwilling to make any more exertion
  • lipuka -- to be ill in one's limbs; all over one's body
  • liza -- cause to sound
  • loa -- to enter
  • lobwa -- to be weak; either from hunger or constitutionally
  • lodza -- to bewitch; to kill a person with secret (superstitious) medicine; not by poison but sorcery; hence used for misfortune of any kind
  • lola -- to let; allow; consent; yield
  • lolomoka -- to be in health
  • londa -- to follow
  • londa -- to follow; to pursue
  • londalonda -- to search for; to follow up
  • londoloza -- to make ready; to set in order = to put things straight; to put a mlandu right; to adjust; to be careful and tidy
  • longa -- to pursue
  • longa -- to put to; arrange; put into; put one thing upon the top of another
  • longolola -- to make a noise; quarrel; talk loudly; to talk much; also to remind one frequently about a debt
  • longoloza -- ?
  • longosola -- to arrange; relate
  • lonjela -- to greet
  • lonjeza -- to promise; to make an appointment
  • lonjezana -- to be at peace
  • lophothoka -- to be loose; as loose stone; as the joints of a fowl overboiled; &c.
  • losa -- to divine
  • lota -- to dream; to divine; to guess
  • lothoka -- to go forth with eager haste; to strive; or to purchase; to be eager
  • lova -- to flag; of a dance; to be lazy or without strength to work; to be limp in body; as after excitement or exertion
  • lowa -- to enter; disappear into; go into the bush; into the house; to pass away; pass in
  • loza -- to point towards; point in the direction of
  • lozeza -- to level; to aim at
  • ludzulala -- to be fierce as result of being struck
  • luka -- to weave
  • lukutuka -- to fall so as to smash up all its branches (of a tree falling); to be in great trouble and distress (of a person)
  • luluka -- to be humble; meek; to be of worthless character and despised by everybody.
  • luluta -- to utter the sound called nthungululu; on the return of men from war or hunting; or on any other exciting occasion.
  • luluza -- to hush a child ; to cry down; depreciate; to set at naught; to scorn; to make light of anyone; to boil and strain off water repeatedly until bitterness or noxious property is lost.
  • luma -- to bite; to sting; to 'take a bite;' as of one who cuts a little bit of the meat his first shot has just killed; throws it on the fire; and eats it; that his fellow hunters may eat also
  • lumaniza -- to join together two pieces of wood at the ends; make them bite.
  • lumbila -- to mention; speak of; to swear; to speak of the spirits in offering sacrifice; to name the dead; to swear by the grave or by the dead: also to name persons not dead; to speak of them; to 'ask after;'
  • lumika -- 'to cup'; an operation performed by the native physician frequently; besides blood-letting from the temple veins and other places.
  • lumikiza -- to join; as boards of wood; to 'set' a bone; to join one thing to another
  • lumpha -- to jump; to jump across; jump over; escape suddenly away
  • lunda -- to become violent; as a woman sometimes does after three months' pregnancy
  • lungama -- to be straight
  • lungila -- of beer of the fourth day
  • lunjika -- to be straight
  • lunza -- to tie; to connect; tie together; to tie a knot
  • lusa -- to be greedy of getting; greedy for catching; as a leopard
  • lusula -- boil malt (beer making)
  • lusula -- to boil or cook beer
  • maliza -- to finish
  • mamatula -- to take it off again
  • mana -- to be 'hard;' stingy; 'near'; to grudge; be greedy of
  • manga -- to bind; to tie
  • mangiliza -- to bind
  • masula -- to loosen; unfasten; unbind; to loosen tying; unbind a person; undo a burden; untie a string; of grain to come out of its sheath; or of a leaf to unfold
  • mata -- to plaster; as one plasters mud on a wall; or glue; as white ants in building their cells.
  • matula -- to take off what is adhering
  • mbila -- to dive
  • mbiza -- to cause to sink; to immerse
  • mbunjula -- to cut off the points only of branches; &c.
  • mbwandila -- to pounce upon; as in catching a fowl or small game
  • mela -- to sprout
  • mela -- to sprout; to spring
  • mema -- to gather; assemble; of war
  • memesa -- of a goat; to cry for the female
  • memeza -- to muster; to summon together
  • menya -- to beat; strike; to strike with the fist; or with a stick
  • meta -- to shave the head
  • meza -- to swallow
  • mfamfantha -- to thump
  • mila -- to dive
  • mila -- to go under the water; to be covered with water; to dive
  • mina -- to blow one's nose
  • miza -- to hide; to cover; to put under the water
  • mka -- to go
  • mkitsa -- causative of mka; nka; cause to go
  • monyola -- to eat anything soft; easily broken off; as bananas; nsima porridge
  • motola -- to take a bite out of anything; as an animal would do
  • motsoka -- to break off; of things broken easily - e.g.; rotten string; worm-eaten wood; thread not spun well
  • mpsimpsintha -- to suck sugar-cane; to suck misinde stalks with the lips; also the bone of a fowl
  • muka -- to go
  • mulumunya -- to suck with the lips or gums; of things which cannot be chewed; of things which melt in one's mouth; or because one has no teeth
  • munyula -- to paint with the glittering of mica
  • mva -- to hear; feel
  • mvela -- to hear
  • mwa -- to drink
  • mwalamwaza -- to spread out flour; turn over with hand; to derange
  • mwaza -- to scatter; disperse; miss; lose
  • mwela -- as of the hunter who dips the point of his gun into the wound of the animal he has shot; to make it 'drink' the blood; he also smears the blood on the butt.
  • mweta -- to cut with a hook; to bite; of a dog which snaps at a stranger passing
  • mwetula -- to break string across; to pull out hair
  • mwetulila -- to smile; to tear at a thing with the teeth
  • myata -- to stick on to; to plaster on
  • myatalala -- to remain quiet; sit still; while others are talking; to be hid
  • myatika -- to use false pretences; to flatter
  • myuka -- 1. to feel anxiety at the heart; also the rising of heart; 2. to take the skin off; a scald or burn; or off one's leg in falling; to carry off; go right away
  • nama -- to lie; to speak falsely; also so commonly used as the 'lie direct' that it comes to mean to be wrong
  • namiza -- to deceive; to slander
  • nanda -- to be gluey; viscid
  • ndandalika -- to sit or stand in a line; or round about in a circle
  • ndengula -- to rock; stagger; shake; as a tree; boat; a water-jar not standing even; of a drunk man
  • ndondodza -- to drag or push along; to help along
  • ndula -- to beat; throb
  • nena -- to speak; to say; to tell
  • nenepa -- to be fat; stout
  • neneza -- to speak evil of; to slander; accuse; to report a person
  • neNG'ama -- to be clearly seen upon the top of anything
  • nga -- to be able; to be like; may; can; hence used as an auxiliary particle in the verb; as 'may; can;' in English
  • NG'alula -- to split; bamboo; wood; firewood
  • NG'amba -- to split; tear open
  • NG'anima -- to shine; gleam; glitter; twinkle
  • NG'anipa -- to gleam
  • NG'aniza -- to make a display or parade
  • NG'ombola -- to stare
  • NG'ondola -- to scatter; disperse
  • ngulungunda -- to roll over; as a round pot or jar on a smooth floor
  • NG'uNG'udza -- to grumble
  • ngwingwimala -- to be stunted in growth
  • NG'yang'yampila -- to stand on tiptoe; of an animal stretched up on its hind legs
  • nikuka -- to be uprooted with the wind; of a tree; to be bent in the middle; of a hoe
  • ning'a -- to be narrow in the middle; at neck or waist; of a person; insect; jug
  • ninkha -- to give; to bestow
  • njanja -- to 'stot;' rebound; as an india-rubber ball
  • njanjama -- to be 'jumped up' and short; as short clothing
  • njenjema -- to shiver; start with fear; as a thief; one startled by his companion
  • njenjemela -- to tremble; fear; shiver with cold
  • njonjola -- to run fast; hurry as fast as you can; to 'run;' as a partridge or a guinea-fowl
  • nka -- to go; also muka; mka
  • nola -- 1. to sharpen; to grind on a stone; 2. to steal from
  • nona -- to be fat; of animals
  • nong'ona -- to whisper
  • nonthoka -- to fly out quickly; as bird from cover
  • nothokela -- to grapple with
  • nsansantha -- to beat; to thump meat to make it tender before putting into the pot to cook
  • nsansantha -- to chop
  • nsensenya -- to walk softly and gently; as accompanying a sick person
  • nthenthemela -- to shiver; to fear
  • nthunthumila -- to tremble; shake with fear; cold; sickness
  • ntsinkha -- to eat only the relish
  • nunkha -- to smell; to emit smell; chiefly bad (but also; general)
  • nya -- to do easement
  • nyada -- to be proud; conceited; proud of anything: also of grain; to be luxuriant and good
  • nyaika -- to touch or take up delicately; or 'gingerly' or with reluctance
  • nyakula -- to raise up; turn up the edges; flap up leaves; as the wind does to a thatch
  • nyala -- to be wrinkled; wither; to dry up; but not dry hard
  • nyala -- to go down; of a swelling
  • nyambita -- to lick
  • nyamphila -- to creep stealthily along; on tiptoe
  • nyamuka -- to rise up
  • nyamula -- to raise up; and also to carry
  • nyandula -- to take off; as a roof
  • nyang'ama -- to step out gently; lightly; walk slowly
  • nyang'wa -- to be proud; to 'talk big'
  • nyanka -- to rise up; set off - see nyamuka
  • nyankhala -- to be rough; not smooth
  • nyankhalala -- to be lean and thin with hair all awry; of cattle and dogs - also of fowls whose feathers all stick up on end
  • nyanya -- to itch; feel 'tickly' sensations
  • nyanyala -- grumble; refuse; disregard
  • nyanyamila -- to stand on tiptoe; reach up
  • nyanyamphila -- to stand on tiptoe so as to reach up to something on a height
  • nyasula -- to be blown up by the wind and turned the wrong way; as the thatch of a grass roof; or to be stroked the wrong way; as the hair of a cat
  • nyata -- to be soft; thin with water; weak; as clay for making pots or plastering a house
  • nyatila -- to walk gently
  • nyaza -- to put to shame; of nyala
  • nyedza -- to tease out cloth; crumble down; to gnaw; as a rat crumbling down maize; also to take off the strips or rind of ndiwo
  • nyedzula -- to tease out; gnaw off into bits
  • nyeka -- to consume; as firewood or cloth eaten away by fire; to spread; as a wound
  • nyela -- ease one's self - see nya; also to make honey; as bees; also to insert the sting
  • nyelenyetsa -- to tickle; be itchy
  • nyema -- to break
  • nyembetela -- to be soft with water; as soft mud
  • nyempha -- to give the slip at mlandu; leaving your friends to fight their own case
  • nyenchela -- to be dwarfish or small; to be born small; unformed
  • nyendelela -- to go below; straight down; as the roots of a water-plant; or of a tree which sends its roots deep down
  • nyenga -- to nurse; dandle; also to deceive; cheat; which is its commonest meaning
  • nyengetela -- to lure; to appease; to persuade
  • nyengeza -- to misrepresent; to tell lies; to make false promises
  • nyenya -- to crumble; pull into fragments; break up into bits
  • nyenyalila -- to grumble; be discontented; angry with
  • nyenyamila -- to stand on tiptoe
  • nyenyeka -- to be friable
  • nyenyekela -- be scattered about
  • nyenyela -- see nyenya - to crumble; shred into; hence chinyenyero; that which is shred into; also a young soft pumpkin; dzungu la ntheta
  • nyenyukila -- to lie; as things strewn all over the ground
  • nyeteza -- to sting; as bee
  • nyetima -- to shine
  • nyevula -- to smile; to grin
  • nyezima -- to shine; glitter; glisten; be bright
  • nyika -- to steep; to dip into a liquid; to soften by steeping in water; to strike lightly; to tread lightly
  • nyinda -- to show the teeth; split open; scowl; in eating green maize; to gnaw with the front teeth
  • nyindilila -- to groan while straining at a heavy load
  • nyindula -- to split open
  • nyinyidza -- to talk to one's self
  • nyinyidzila -- to grumble at the smallness of anything; to work slowly; with intent to make it last out; to eat a little at a time so as to spin out the food store in the nkhokwe.
  • nyinyilika -- to complain
  • nyodola -- to despise; show despite; making the sound of dissent with one's lips; also despite shown in word; without the cluck of scorn
  • nyoloka -- to be lean; shrivelled up; thin; untimely born
  • nyolola -- to pull out and thus make thin; a bag; thread; a bowstring; &c.
  • nyong'olela -- to taste sour
  • nyongolela -- to twist one's mouth; to put one's tongue in one's teeth
  • nyong'onya -- to make 'limp'; loose; soft; without strength
  • nyontha -- to leak; to drop
  • nyonya -- to be insolent; to provoke; excite
  • nyonyoma -- to startle; frighten; astonish
  • nyonyomala -- to sit upon one's heels
  • nyonyotoka -- to come to bits; break off into pieces
  • nyotsoka -- to break off easily; as weak thread; &c.
  • nyowa -- to be wet
  • nyoza -- to scorn; despise; whether great or small
  • nyula -- to take off the skin
  • nyumwa -- to be suspicious; to hesitate
  • nyuNG'unya -- to be bitter; acrid; pungent
  • nyunyumala -- to sit on tiptoe
  • nzanzandika -- to be tough; as a sinew
  • odzela -- to nod; to sleep while sitting up
  • ola -- to rot; decay
  • ola -- to take away; gather together and carry away
  • oloa -- to be soft; flexible
  • oloka -- to ford; cross; a river; stream; or sheet of water
  • olotsa -- to carry burdens over a river or stream; also in a canoe
  • olowa -- to be soft; flexible
  • omba -- to sound; to make; to work material; to beat; fire a gun
  • ombeza -- to try the ula; to cast lots
  • ombola -- to ransom; redeem; to free a person; or to buy back anything in pawn;
  • omola -- to take out; with a spoon or spurtle; take out in bits;
  • ona -- to see
  • onda -- to be lean; thin; of a person or animal
  • oneka -- to be seen; be visible
  • onela -- anthu adzationere; people will see us (doing something)
  • onela -- to see
  • ongeza -- to add. see onjeza
  • ongokela -- to mend; to improve in health
  • ongola -- to loosen. see onjola
  • ongola -- to make straight
  • onjeza -- to add to
  • onjola -- to unfasten; unnoose; take out of a trap; of one caught with thorns; to unloose
  • onkheza -- to add to
  • ononga -- to spoil; destroy; waste; to spoil a child; spoil a piece of work; spoil a canoe in making it
  • opsya -- to be dreadful ; also to make afraid
  • otha -- to be warm; warm one's self at the fire or in the sun [check th]
  • pachika -- to hang; also; to be hanging; to put up above; as on a rafter; or on a shelf
  • pachila -- to put into; to join to; as burdens into a boat; to get ready for starting in a canoe; or on a journey; to join one thing to others of a different kind; to join one's self to a caravan; to plant or so
  • paka -- 1. to put on paint or mud; to paint; to smear; to put oil on a gun; 2. hanging up upon; also ready for starting
  • pakanula -- to push one's way; to open up a way through a number of things so as to see something one is searching for; as a book behind a number of other books in the shelf
  • pakasa -- to shake down; shake off; as a tree its fruits or leaves; also to go off; start away; start on a journey; get all the loads ready and go off; of war; to clear out of the country
  • pakasuka -- to become loosened by itself
  • pakata -- to fall from; of crumbs or fragments
  • pakiliza -- to slander
  • pakiza -- to put into; start journey
  • pakula -- to separate from; take out; divide
  • pala -- to choose; seek; select; go to seek; as food; or for one who is sick; to select a palm-tree for tapping uchema wine
  • pala -- to scrape; plane; scrape off; from the surface; as when gathering earth for making salt; clean at the hut door
  • palapala -- coming out of [check gloss] [redup]
  • palapala -- to hoe lightly [redup]
  • palapasa -- to spread over with the hand; scrape; as a hen
  • palapata -- to be restless; shift about; as of one tossing on his bed; of one shifting from place to place
  • palasa -- 1. to scrape; rake out; as fire; 2. to paddle or row a boat
  • paliza -- to light; to light a pipe
  • pamantha -- to beat; beat upon; beat clay; stamp a mud floor; beat with a stick
  • pambana -- to surpass; excel; of paths to separate in different directions
  • pambasuka -- to uncoil; as a snake or as a piece of string or rope newly twisted
  • pambuka -- to stand aside and let another pass
  • pana -- to fix between two sticks; as a load between two bamboos
  • panda -- 1. to beat; slap; with hand or fist; 2. to be without; lack
  • pandilila -- to heap up earth round roots of cotton or maize; to twist a mlandu; so as to deceive; to turn away the attention from the main queation; to refuse an admission in a mlandu which at first ws admitted
  • panduka -- of one's heart; to go after; to leave and go after
  • panduka -- to leave; go away; separate from; leave one's house or country; leave a caravan; to be split off or broken off
  • panga -- to do; to make; to get ready
  • pangana -- to make an agreement
  • panika -- to fix; fasten; bear in mind; increase one's work
  • panikiza -- to press down; and fix to the ground; as a goat; a tree in going to cut it across; to meet one's enemy; to be compelled to go; to sleep tight fixed between two companions
  • panikizana -- to hustle; to crowd together; of people
  • panila -- a panira mphika ndi mapazi; they grip the pot with their feet (in stirring nsima)
  • panitsa -- ku panitsa mbuna; to make a pit narrow at bottom and wider at mouth for catching game
  • panjila -- to make
  • pantha -- to beat out; hammer out; iron
  • pantha -- to have pains all over the body
  • panula -- to loosen
  • panula -- to open what is fixed; or grips; as a pair of tongs; open tongs; pincers; brass wire rings
  • papalala -- of a bird; to half extend its wings; also of a man; to throw himself down any way with fatigue
  • papasa -- to feel; spread out one's hands in feeling
  • papatiza -- to be narrow; without room to pass
  • papila -- to quaff; beer; water; drink up without stopping
  • pasula -- to destroy; unroof; break up
  • patsa -- to give
  • patuka -- to go to the side of the road to let another pass; to leave; separate from
  • patula -- separate; as in choosing out a flock; to take some out and put on one side; to castrate
  • paza -- 1. to comb out; bundles of grass for thatching; 2. to skirt round
  • pefuka -- to gasp; to pant
  • peka -- to drill; bore; specially in producing fire by twirling one stick in the notch of another
  • pekesa -- to bore a hole through; bore into by twirling any boring instrument in the hole
  • pekeseka -- to be bored
  • pela -- to grind; to grind with the mphero; hand-mill stone; also to rub down or grind down in sharpening the point of anything
  • peleka -- 1. to give; hand over; intrust; intrust to another's care; show the way; lead from one village to another and then leave; take something to give and leave; 2. to be rubbed; ground
  • peleka -- to give
  • pelepeta -- to move about a thing which is loose; as a nut on a bolt; or a key in a hole
  • pelepeteka -- to be bald
  • pelesa -- to rub; scrape
  • peletsa -- to cause to meet
  • pelewela -- to be too short or too little; to come short;; to lack; not to be sufficient for
  • pelewela -- to come short
  • pembedza -- to entreat; beseech; also to honour thus
  • pemela -- to puff; snort; also to spit out upon
  • pempha -- to ask; to beg
  • penda -- to go to one side; avoid
  • penda -- to try; test
  • pendama -- to incline; slant; lean to one side; also of the sun to begin to go down
  • pendeka -- to lean over; slant; to incline the body; carry a pot sloping on the head
  • peneka -- to be in doubt
  • penga -- to be mad
  • penga -- to blow the nose
  • pengetsa -- to drive mad by means of medicine
  • penuka -- to lean over; of a jar; so as to spill what is in it
  • penya -- to see
  • pepa -- to blow; to blow as a puff of wind; also to be cool; as the afternoon gust; to be cool from clouds coming over the sun
  • pepeluka -- to flutter; as a bird or butterfly; to be light and wavy with the wind
  • pepeta -- 1. to blow; to begin to blow; 2. to shake
  • pepetuka -- to wave; as grass; or grain; or trees; to stagger as a sick or a drunken man
  • pepeyuka -- to flutter and fall; as a leaf; a feather; or of anything light; or of an arrow that is too light to 'carry'
  • pepeyula -- to cause to fall
  • pepeza -- 1. to blow; to blow smoke into a hole; blow fire; anything hot; 2. to condole with; make glad; apologise
  • pepuka -- to be light; to be worthless; of little weight or esteem
  • pepula -- to winnow; in the chipeta basket; separate light from heavy
  • pesa -- to comb
  • peta -- to winnow; to toss up the contents of the lichero or chipeta basket; thus separating heavy grains from light flour; then throwing out with a dexterous jerk the heavier grains gathered at the farther e
  • pewa -- to go to one side; avoid; bend aside; in avoiding a missile; or standing aside to let something or some person pass
  • peyuka -- to swerve aside
  • peza -- to find; meet with; pick up; and hence 'find'
  • pezelela -- to be caught red-handed
  • pha -- to kill
  • phadama -- to walk naked; with scant clothing
  • phadula -- to kick out; as donkey
  • phadzuka -- to break off from; one's companions; or as a branch from a tree
  • phanga -- to steal; to snatch
  • phanima -- to twinkle; shine; gleam
  • phaphatiza -- to force through; into a ring; or hole; drive in; force one's way through; to crush in between two
  • phatha -- to stick; as in a gap; in the fork of a tree; as a stopper in a bottle
  • phathika -- to stick on; adhere to [check th vs. t in 4635]
  • phathikila -- to join one's self to; as to a caravan
  • phatikana -- to be close together [check t vs. th]
  • phatikiza -- to add to; fasten to; put close to; put together; add something untrue to a story
  • phavama -- to fall 'splash' into the water
  • phedwa -- to be killed
  • phela -- to cut up branches of trees; and spread out in sun to dry; as when preparing a new garden
  • phelezana -- to meet; of paths or roads
  • phenima -- to glitter
  • phenyula -- to open up; open out; push aside; and so open between; open a window; to raise up a little; to look under; broaden a road by pushing the grass aside
  • phetsa -- to kill much
  • phetsula -- to tear off a little bit of cloth' graze skin; as an arrow
  • phidikula -- to roll over; to get into one's mfumba sleeping-bag and roll over; so as to turn the mouth downwards; thus neither rain; nor cold; nor beast; can get in
  • phika -- to cook; to cook with water
  • phikitsa -- reboil (beer making)
  • philiphitha -- to wriggle; move as a snake when killed; or a fowl with neck cut
  • phimba -- to cover; as with a thatch; a cover
  • phiphilitsa -- to speak by allusions; metaphorically; or euphemistically- e.g. of those who; at the approach of another; stop speaking of wht they have been discussing; and speak of something else
  • phithula -- to lift and carry off; as a light load
  • phofomola -- to fall or beat; with a softish quick fall or beat
  • phokosa -- to make a noise
  • pholophotela -- to put off a matter; to fail to keep an appointment
  • phonya -- to miss; fail to hit or to catch
  • phoola -- to pierce; to bore a hole
  • phooleza -- to pierce through; bore; also to tell; name; pronounce clearly
  • phophonya -- to miss; miss over; make a mistake
  • phudzula -- to graze slightly with arrow or stick
  • phudzumuka -- to go off and leave home without intimation; and stay elsewhere; to escape from one's clutches
  • phufumula -- to strike with the fist; knock down in wrestling
  • phuka -- to spring forth; to bud; to open up; as a bud opens up the knot from which it springs; to put forth; also to grow up; to mature
  • phula -- to take off the fire
  • phulika -- to split; crack; as green leaves; split by the fire; or maize-corns in the ashes
  • phuluza -- to miss hold; to fail to hit; to be nigh catching on; and fail
  • phunthwa -- to knock against; knock one's foot against a stone or root in the path; to trip upon; stumble; also to be beaten; well beaten
  • phunzila -- to teach
  • phupha -- to flap about; as a fowl when its neck is wrung
  • phupha -- to wish; desire
  • phutsula -- to break off a bit; cut off a piece; say of tobacco-leaf; or end of a cob of maize
  • phuzumuka -- to throw them off and escape
  • phwa -- to dry up; of a pot; to boil away; of a stream; to fall; dry up; of water; to be shallow; to get lean; hungry again; of dry sugarcane; of anger; to subside
  • phwafamula -- to beat; of anything soft or lumpy; to let anything fall; crash
  • phwanya -- to break; smash; as a gourd-cup; to crush by trampling on; also to break up or spoil a journey by failing to go on the day appointed
  • phwela -- to dry up; to burn in cooking; because the water is dried up
  • phwetsa -- to pierce an inflated bag
  • phwintha -- to throw into one's mouth; as maize; flour; salt; &c.
  • phyotola -- to uncover the glans penis of the male by drawing down the prepuce; to masturbate
  • pikuka -- to tilt over; fall over; as a piece of wood in the fire tilted up at one end; to overset
  • pikula -- 1. to overturn; sling over one's shoulder; carry something heavy; 2. weave different colours; 3. surpass; 4. answer with different time and size of drum; accompany as the small drum does the big one
  • pilila -- to endure; hold fast; resist; be stubborn
  • pilinga -- to fold up; roll up; of a mat; cloth; meat; to twine; string round a stock; to wind; as a ball of string; coil round
  • pilingidza -- to net over; to bar the door; to seal up; to put an arrow in string
  • pilingidzika -- to be cumbered with so much to do as to be unable to do what one wants
  • pilingula -- to unwind; to uncoil; unroll
  • pima -- 1. to be half-cooked; underdone; 2. to measure; measure out a little more in a bargain; also; to think; trying to remember
  • pimbidza -- to harden; make firm; as earth; surface of the body; skin
  • pimbidzala -- to be hard; firm; indergrown; stunted; badly cooked
  • pinchama -- to limp
  • pinda -- to fold; to bend
  • pindika -- to hook
  • pindila -- ku pindira msomali; to bend the end of the iron pin that fastens the gori or slave-stick
  • pindila -- to hem
  • pindula -- to have a 'familiar spirit.'
  • pindula -- to trade; to exchange; as money for goods
  • pinga -- to cross; lie across; as a tree across a stream; as a pain across the belly; arm; &c.; to trip up
  • pingasa -- to lie across; fold across
  • pingilidza -- to put an arrow in the string; to lay it across in aiming it
  • pingusula -- to untwine; to disentangle; to give medicine so as to counteract the effect of other medicine
  • pinika -- to hinder from
  • pinimbila -- to be stunted in growth
  • pininga -- to fasten; wrap round; as string round a finger; also to begin the dance with a little drum; pi ti; whereafter come the big ones
  • pisa -- to put through; put in
  • pita -- to pass through; go on; pass; go in; pass on
  • pitidwa -- to be passed by and miss anything; to be at a loss; and at one's wit's ends
  • pitikitsa -- to chase away
  • pitikula -- to overturn; to turn over end over end
  • pitilila -- to go straight on; go farther on; to line out
  • pitiliza -- to go farther on; without stopping; pass on; speak without stopping
  • plamula -- to provoke; rouse; call forth; a dreaded object
  • pokoleza -- to sing in response; whether in answer; alternate; or together at the same time; but with different words
  • pokonyola -- to twist off; tear off
  • pola -- to heal; of a wound or of sickness; when the pain or sickness goes away; to become well; be better
  • polama -- to bend down; stoop
  • polongana -- to be curled; crowded one upon another
  • poloza -- to bear a still-born child
  • pomboneza -- to be entangled; intertwined
  • pomboneza -- to interfere and cause a speaker to speak otherwise than he intends; to interfere; of a third party in a bargain
  • pombonyala -- to clump together; be intertwined; of creepers; roots
  • pombonyeka -- as pombonyala
  • pombonyola -- twist off; twist round; as the neck of a fowl
  • pombosola -- to untwist; unwind; disentangle
  • ponda -- to tread; trample; step firmly
  • pondana -- to be born after another
  • pondeleza -- to press
  • ponya -- to throw; cast
  • ponyela -- to do the first plastering
  • popela -- 1. to pray; ask; beg; 2. to be one above another; as moss upon a stone; leaves or grass laid upon anything; pile upon pile; crowd round; or; active; to lay upon; cover with
  • popota -- to break and 'plash' about; as an animal in the grass; the enemy in the gardens
  • popota -- to rob a garden
  • popotola -- to twist round and off; as elephants among the trees
  • posa -- to pass by; surpass; excel; also pass through
  • pota -- 1. to prepare hospitality; also to eat with; partake of the hospitality of; 2. to pay; root of mphotho; hire
  • pota -- to spin; to twist; to go round and round
  • potoka -- to be crooked; twisted; to curve round
  • potola -- to bend; to twist; twist off; strangle; to make crooked.
  • potolola -- to turn round; twist round; as in dancing
  • potoza -- as potola; twist; strangle
  • psa -- to cook; burn [check with psya]
  • psanga -- to get quickly out; get quickly into; get quickly away
  • psapsaliza -- to urge on; as dogs in the hunt or men in the ring
  • psentha -- to pass wind
  • psepseleza -- to press down; say a biting dog; or a coal in the kaliwo pipe with one's finger
  • psetsa -- to overcook; burn [check if psyetsa?]
  • psinja -- to press
  • psinya -- to crush; to squeeze
  • psitiliza -- to trample on anything; to press
  • psitinza -- to crush; to tread on some soft slippery substance; as an overripe fruit; or cattle dung
  • psokola -- to squeeze out of; to put out the eyes; squeeze a stone out of a fruit; look fiercely and angrily at; from the protrusion of the eyeballs
  • psokonyola -- to twist; to sprain
  • psompsona -- to kiss; to suck with the lips
  • psontha -- to sup or suck up with the lips
  • psukula -- to squeeze; press out
  • psupula -- to rub off; to take the skin off
  • psya -- to roast; to cook; to burn; to be ripe; to be ready
  • psyangapsyanga -- to wander about; as a loose woman does; to wander about picking up things
  • psyela -- to cook; over-cook; burn
  • psyela -- to cook; to burn in cooking; over-cook [check with psyera]
  • psyontha -- to sip; sup
  • psyonyoka -- to be pointed
  • pukusa -- to shake; one's self; one's head or shoulders; agitate water
  • pukuta -- to rub off; clean; to dry by rubbing; of a tree to shed its leaves
  • pukwa -- to be hindered in any work; to fail in one's purpose; as a man seeking work; and wander about inn the search
  • pulichila -- see pulukira
  • pulichila -- to be ignorant
  • pulukila -- to be foolish; ignorant; stupid
  • pulula -- to pull off; strip off
  • pululuka -- to get off; fall off; as leaves; be carried off
  • pulumuka -- to escape; be saved from; remain alive; also fall from
  • pulumutsa -- to save
  • pulupudza -- to pay no heed; on being called or spoken to; not to obey
  • puluputa -- to move about; as in sleep; of a snake; to writhe
  • puma -- to breathe; also to rest; as under a tree in the heat
  • pumbula -- to place; put away
  • pumphula -- to take some out; leaving some behind
  • pumula -- to be quiet; rest;
  • pumuntha -- to beat; pound; anything soft
  • pundula -- to maim
  • punga -- to take; take off; take with or from; take much
  • pungula -- to take off from; water out of a pot too full; froth; take away from; take half; one side away
  • puntha -- to beat; thresh; knock
  • punthika -- to cover
  • pusa -- to be foolish
  • puta -- to provoke; annoy; call forth; commence; rouse
  • puya -- to draw together the mouth of a sack or bag; to gag a person or animal by holding the mouth shut
  • pwavula -- to eat ndiwo without nsima
  • pwepweta -- to break; smash; to crunch bones
  • pwetedzela -- to chew or crunch
  • pweteka -- to hurt; to be hurt; to be painful
  • pwila -- to be lost; die
  • pwila -- to be lost; die; go away and not come back
  • pwilipwitika -- to be confused; speak without order; speak at large; not caring for exactness
  • pwisa -- to emit air
  • pya -- to cook; to burn
  • pyapyala -- to be thin; as of planks of wood; or other flat things; also of a thin person (disrespectfully); of a thin rod; a thin voice
  • pyapyaza -- to make thin or small; speak of as thin; despise
  • pyela -- to sweep up; gather together; &c.
  • pyola -- to pierce; pass right through
  • pyopyolola -- to make thin and small; to insult
  • sadza -- to lop off; the branch of a tree
  • sadzikana -- to greet one another
  • sadzula -- to take the husk off; skin; flay; take bark off a tree
  • sagana -- to accompany
  • saila -- to cut up felled trees for removal
  • saka -- to hunt; to drive before one
  • sakadza -- to spoil; destroy
  • sakasa -- to spoil
  • sakatula -- to raise a stick or spear ready for action; to take things out of a basket or out of a bundle; to pluck out a spear from others in the hand to throw
  • sakaza -- to spoil; destroy; to devastate; to kill; to make badly; to break up
  • sakila -- 1. to hunt for; 2. to bind feathers on an arrow
  • sakila -- to drive into; pit; net; &c.
  • sakila -- to feather an arrow
  • sakiza -- to set the dog on; with a whistle
  • sala -- to abstain from; avoid certain foods; to keep from certain things; also to be dainty; fastidious
  • salala -- be smooth
  • salala -- to be smooth
  • salaza -- to make smooth; to plane; cut smooth with a knife
  • salika -- to cut and lay grass flat; not heaped up; as the grass in a piece of bush cut down for planting a garden
  • sama -- to choke by gripping the throat
  • samala -- to care; to care for; in the sense of fear; and of liking or regard; to take care of
  • samba -- (euphemistic); to menstruate
  • samba -- ku samba m'maso; to bathe the eyes with water
  • samba -- to wash
  • sambila -- to swim; to dress
  • sambitsa -- see samba - also ku sambitsa chindu; to mend the thatch
  • sambula -- to despise
  • sambwadza -- to revile; use bad language
  • samuka -- to leave on place and go to another; to remove
  • samula -- to lift up the hand in order to strike a blow
  • sanduka -- to change; to turn into something else
  • sangalala -- to rejoice; be glad; happy; to exult
  • sangalatsa -- to make happy
  • sanganiza -- to mix; mingle; confuse - e.g. beads; language; people
  • sanja -- of the sun; to begin to climb
  • sanja -- to be upon the top of; be built upon; set upon; rest upon; also to put one thing on top of another
  • sanja -- to beat or hammer iron in order to sharpen it; as a hoe or axe; worn and blunt; which cannot be easily ground sharp
  • sanjika -- to put upon; it also means sometimes; to be put upon
  • sanjula -- to take from off the top of
  • sankha -- to choose; to separate
  • sankhula -- to choose out from; as goats from goats; earth from wheat; seeds from mixed seeds; to separate; arrange
  • sansa -- to sweep off; dust off
  • sansantha -- to crush; to smash to pieces
  • sansila -- to wind thread
  • santhuka -- to be searchable; as when a lot of things are in a basket and yet it is easy to search for and find anything
  • santhula -- to turn over; to take one article out from among its neighbours; take off or down from
  • sanza -- to vomit
  • sasa -- to be sour; hoarse; bad; rotten; to have a bad smell
  • sasantha -- to beat thin and small
  • sasata -- 1. to be proud; uncertain; hard to please; 2. to pat - e.g. a dog
  • sasatula -- to be broad and spread out
  • sasuka -- to be broad; spread out; like the edges of a mushroom or the snout of a pig
  • sasula -- to unroof; unthatch; break up; make desolate; destroy; as patula; to scatter; drive away
  • sata -- to boast; be proud; be proud of; pleased with
  • satsa -- to follow in order to sell
  • sauka -- to be poor; afflicted; unfortunate; vexed; perplexed
  • sautsa -- to vex; annoy; perplex; afflict
  • sawa -- to be soft or watery; bad and soft; also dry and insipid; 'wersh'
  • sefuka -- to overflow; as a pot 'runs over'; as waves breaking upon the shore or out in the open water
  • sefula -- to take out; when the vessel is too full; of water or other liquid; but also of flour or other solids
  • segula -- to open
  • seka -- to laugh; to laugh for gladness; to be glad; to laugh at; good-naturedly or in mockery
  • sekelela -- to rejoice; to be glad
  • sekesa -- to shake; to shake grain round and round in the lichero basket; to loosen anything too tight;
  • sela -- to be loose; slip through; as a stopper in a bottle; a bullet in a gun; a knife in a sheath
  • selela -- to pass thrugh; beneath; or between
  • seleza -- to push through; make to pass through; as a needle in cloth; as in pushing something into the house through the slightly opened door
  • sema -- to cut; to adze
  • sema -- to make up a tale of pure invention
  • sempha -- to bring about disease; by a woman
  • sempha -- to miss; pass; excel
  • senda -- to husk; to flay
  • sendeka -- to slant
  • sendela -- to move; remove; shift
  • senga -- to cut; to mow; to cut grass; hair
  • senza -- to lift a burden on to one's head; to carry on one's head
  • sesa -- to sweep
  • sesenya -- to walk gently and slowly; as when accompanying or supporting a sick person
  • seta -- 1. of a dog or anything else drawing itself along upon its buttocks; slip in descending a hill; 2. to keep on speaking without stopping to a person about something distasteful
  • seteka -- to lick
  • sewela -- to dance; play; play at a game; amuse one's self with; do anything merely 'for fun'
  • sia -- to leave; abandon; leave off [check with siya]
  • sichisa -- see sikisa
  • siiza -- to leave
  • sikisa -- to rub
  • sikula -- to chew the cud
  • silila -- to covet; to wish; desire without getting
  • silizila -- to finish
  • siluka -- to be tasteless; insipid; washed out; poor; despised; foolish; of no account
  • simba -- to thank; be grateful for
  • simbwa -- to act familiarly; insolently; disregarding the ordinary rights of persons; to be foolhardy; to be daring; to act; disregarding consequences; or knowing that consequences will not come;...
  • simbwidzika -- to be indifferent to danger; 'cool;' careless; as of one going far without his weapons
  • sina -- to foment by means of leaves or cloths dipped in hot water
  • sina -- to press with one's finger; feel with one's finger; press anything soft; as leaves; poultice; press a boil; a ripe fruit
  • sindika -- to eat the relish only
  • sindikiza -- to press; or fix firmly down; crush; press in
  • sindila -- to press upon; as in leaning on something for support; to menstruate for the first time after childbirth; generally some six months; the husband generally abstains three months - some; however; only o
  • sinika -- to palpate; to grasp with the fingers; feeling for some disease or sore beneath the skin
  • sinila -- to work slowly with intent to make a job last out; to eat little at a time so as to make the food store last; to be frugal
  • sinja -- to pound grain
  • sinjilila -- to laugh at; jeer at; to 'make a fool of'; also speak maliciously of; accuse falsely; deceive
  • sinkha -- to eat the relish by itself
  • sinkha -- to think
  • sintha -- to change; exchange
  • sinthana -- to exchange with
  • sinthaniza -- to change
  • sinthula -- to pour into; of things solid or liquid; pour from one vessel into another; take one thing off the top of the others and put it in another place; also to vomit
  • sinula -- to nibble; eat off anything soft
  • sinza -- to nod when sleepy
  • sinzina -- to shut one's eyes
  • sipa -- 1. to eat without sauce; 2. to suck; lick
  • sisila -- 1. be clean; smooth; neat; as of the person clean and soft; properly oiled; 2. to get quickly dark
  • sisima -- to be slightly tainted; of meat; fish; &c.
  • sisima -- to sigh
  • sisita -- to rub; stroke; feel for
  • sita -- to press down; burn; draw a line with a hot iron
  • sitimiza -- to burn with a red-hot iron
  • siya -- to leave
  • sochela -- to sow; to wander; lose one's way
  • sodza -- to kill game; hunt; to catch fish or small game
  • soka -- to sew
  • sokanichila -- to be mixed; to be confused
  • sokaniza -- to mix
  • sokeka -- 1. to sow in grass; in ground unhoed; drop into the uncut grass; 2. to be sewn
  • sokela -- to lose one's way; stray
  • sokeza -- to cause to miss the way or go astray; to drive into unknown or unaccustomed parts
  • sokola -- to pound
  • sokola -- to swear at
  • sokoloka -- to appear; to rise up out of the bush
  • sokomola -- to cough
  • sokonekela -- be confused; entangled; mixed up; puzzled; blotted over; also be lost; dead
  • sokoneza -- to blot out; to confuse; cover over
  • sokosa -- to make a noise; disturb
  • solola -- to pull out; to lengthen out; to plough on past the limit appointed; to pull a strand of grass from the roof; a knife out of its sheath; a pole out of a bundle of them
  • sololoka -- to fall out of itself
  • soma -- to defecate; of young child
  • soma -- to poke; to pierce
  • someka -- to poke; push in a pointed stick; &c.
  • somola -- to begin; take the first taste; drink a little first; to begin to eat
  • somphoka -- to be prominent; to protrude; to stand out alone and be prominent; to be at a greater distance from anything than one's fellows
  • somphola -- to snatch away
  • songa -- to incite; stir up; quarrel; heap up fire; call forth
  • songoka -- to be sharp; pointed
  • songola -- to sharpen; to point; to sharpen by making a point
  • sonipa -- to condone; to pardon; to overlook; to sympathize
  • sonjoka -- mlomo wina wasonjoka; one lip is protruding
  • sonjola -- to grow up; be tall; grow long; hence to stretch forth one's neck; to spy; to look ahead
  • sonkha -- 1. to collect; 2. to light a fire; to lay and light fire
  • sonkhana -- assemble; come together
  • sonkhela -- to light fire; torch; also stir up strife; incite one person against another
  • sonkheza -- to light a fire
  • sonkhezela -- to incite; to prompt; as in urging on two people to fight; also to gather together unburnt pieces of firewood; also to put fresh firewood on fire
  • sonthoka -- to leap out; as the sontho mouse; when it hears people coming
  • sonya -- to point; to show
  • sonyeza -- to show; point
  • sopa -- to plunge; or drive; a spear into the water in seeking to kill fish; ...
  • sopoka -- to break off
  • sosa -- to hoe lightly; hoe down and gather the grass
  • sosola -- to hoe here and there; to pluck a fowl; to cut hair badly
  • sotsola -- get well; strong
  • sowa -- to miss; fail to see; want; to be without what one wants or needs
  • sowelela -- to be accustomed to
  • soza -- to spy out
  • sudzula -- to divorce a wife
  • sudzula -- to finish and let go; to set a person free from work; &c.
  • sudzulila -- to recompense
  • sukuluka -- to become tasteless and insipid; as beer which has lain; to fade; as coloured cloth does in the sun
  • sukuluka -- to wash out
  • sukuluza -- to wash out; the mouth
  • sukusa -- to be rotten; of eggs; also of a gourd buried to mature the shell for use as a cup
  • sukusa -- to continue or to resume a journey
  • sukusula -- to wash one's face and mouth and teeth; a small basin of red painted clay is used
  • sula -- to hammer red-hot iron; to weld
  • suluka -- to be tasteless; insipid; washed out
  • sulutsa -- also sulutsa; to wash out; as salt out of meat; the floury water out of half-pounded or broken grain; colour out of cloth; bitter or poisonous qualities out of potatoes; cassava; minnows; &c.; where t
  • suma -- to buy or obtain food in time of famine or scarcity; also to take for nothing
  • sumba -- to fight with the horns
  • sumbudzuka -- to be torn off; of a knife; to be worn down
  • sunama -- to shut or pout the lips in anger or in sulking
  • sunga -- to keep; watch; watch over; preserve; like lera; of a hen nursing its brood
  • sungulumwa -- to be lonely and homesick; to be 'fed up'
  • sungunuka -- to melt; as lead; wax; sugar; or also as a dead body
  • sunsa -- to dip; the morsel in the sauce or gravy
  • suntha -- 1. to shift; to move along; move; 2. to try; to prove
  • sunthila -- see suntha
  • sunza -- to grow up to one's full height
  • sunzula -- to grow up
  • supa -- to march in close order with the shield over the head; the idea is marching in large numbers. It also applies to running away in large numbers
  • supa -- to pay wages
  • supuka -- to feel a rise or flutter of heart; or the effect of sudden excitement upon the bowels
  • supuka -- to take the skin off
  • suta -- 1. to sup; to sip; anything hot; 2. to wait for; wait in one place
  • suula -- to strip off luzi bark to make rope or string
  • suwa -- to long for; want; miss
  • suza -- to strain beer
  • suzula -- to divorce with a token
  • suzumila -- to peep; to look; look over; spy
  • swa -- to break; 'smash'
  • swanya -- to crush; break
  • swaswatika -- to crumble; the noise of breaking or walking through grass
  • sweka -- to be broken (also sometimes to break); to burst open
  • swela -- to let it rest (beer making)
  • syasyalika -- to flatter
  • tadzama -- to lean against; incline
  • tafula -- to mock at; to use filthy language to anyone
  • tafuna -- to chew
  • taika -- see tayika
  • takasa -- to shake; to stir
  • takasika -- to fall to pieces; as beans when cooked; to be soft; inert; dead; as of flesh ; to come off as flesh from over-cooked fish
  • takasuka -- to be wide spread out; as the branches of a tree; to be indignant; say at an unjust accusation; to clear away; as mist
  • takata -- to shake
  • talika -- to be distant; far away; long; tall
  • talika -- to be far away
  • tama -- to praise; thank
  • tamanda -- to praise
  • tamba -- dance a witch dance
  • tamba -- to spread; as water in a river; as pumpkin shoots and other creepers and climbing plants
  • tambalala -- to stretch out; stretch one's self
  • tambitsa -- to cause to dance in the ceremonies; but also in any dance
  • tamuka -- 1. to be stretched out; to be elastic; as india-rubber; 2. to fly about; as sparks; spark out; leap out
  • tanda -- to extend; direct; set forth; hence 1. to begin to plait a mat; 2. to point an arrow; aim; 3. to carry between two; to stretch the stick between two upon which a burden is carried; 4. to place or stre
  • tandala -- see tandala
  • tandala -- to go round about; to travel about
  • tandalika -- to stand in a row or line
  • tanganidwa -- to be overworked; to be very busy
  • tansa -- to stretch; direct along
  • tantha -- to cross along upon anything stretched across
  • tanthalika -- to lie across; straight; be stretched across
  • tanthauza -- to expound
  • tanula -- to stretch out
  • tapa -- to divide; to take a portion of; take; leaving some
  • taya -- to throw away; to lose; throw off; put away; to plant; bury; to put
  • tayika -- to be lost; lose one's way; also to be dead; of water in a flood; to overflow
  • tekateka -- to shake; in walking; to shake with fear; to be loose; flaccid
  • tekemeza -- to sham illness
  • tekesa -- to shake
  • tekeseka -- to hear something which depresses
  • tela -- to alight; of a bird; to plant maize on the first fall of rain; to 'boil down;' of beer which at first filled the pot; but boils down a little from the brim; by the time the beer is properly cooked.
  • tele -- to do; say so
  • teleka -- to set well down or upon; to put a pot upon the fire
  • telela -- to be slippery; to be soft; as stringy boiled leaves or vegetables; as moss or slime; to be soft and wet with heavy rain
  • teleleka -- to slip
  • teletsa -- to settle; of froth on a boiling pot
  • tema -- to cut
  • tembelela -- to curse
  • tembenuka -- to turn round; to change
  • temela -- to cut bark; &c.; for medicine
  • tenga -- to be like
  • tenga -- to take; carry; also bring
  • tengana -- to quarrel; to have a mutual resemblance; to cause to accompany one another
  • tengeza -- to help to carry
  • tengula -- to cause one's heart to be faint
  • tengulila -- to prune; as coffee or tea plants
  • tentha -- to be hot; to burn; to be warm; to set fire to
  • tepa -- to bend; to sway from side to side; from being flexible; slim; to vibrate
  • tetela -- 1. to cluck; as a hen; 2. to be clear; open; 3. to pour off without sediment
  • teteza -- to copulate; as fowls
  • teteza -- to defend; keep from fighting; protect; reconcile
  • tewa -- to bend the knees in curtsey; to bob down
  • tha -- to do; to finish; to finish doing; to be finished; to be able
  • thakwalala -- to be very hungry; exhausted; tired out
  • thalala -- 1. to become extinct; done; 'finished off;' as when all one's friends die or are carried off and one is left alone; 2. also as pima; to be a hard price; of dear malonda
  • thamanga -- to run; also of walking fast; hurry
  • thamangila -- run for
  • thandiza -- to help
  • thangata -- to help
  • thaphwila -- to tread in mud or slime
  • thasa -- to flourish; as a tree which spreads out its branches
  • thasalala -- to be flat; to be shallow
  • thasama -- to be flat; spread out
  • thatha -- th breathe hard; or struggle in death; also to wish for; long for; pant for
  • thathathatha -- to climb and run as creepers; also of a good crop of maize
  • thawa -- 1. to run away; 2. to spread; as pumpkins
  • thedwa -- to be finished
  • theka -- 1. ku theka minzu; theka chiringaniza; to plait the hair into little bunches tied up with mlaza-leaf string; also of cutting the hair evenly all round; 2. of meat; to be bad; decayed - nyama yatheka
  • theka -- to be able to be done
  • thela -- 1. to finish; finish for ; also finish; in the sense of complete destruction; 2. to be flat or level; 3. to dry up; sink down
  • thela -- finish for
  • themba -- to rely on; as when one trusts another to do a service for him
  • thengela -- to be prejudiced in favour of another
  • thethula -- 1. to draw a little water off the top; 2. to knock off; as a bird on a bough with an arrow
  • thetsa -- to finish
  • thetsa -- to finish completely
  • thidzimula -- to slap with the hand
  • thifuka -- to be bent; be flexible
  • thila -- to pour
  • thimba -- to choke by squeezing the throat
  • thimbuka -- to unfold; as tea leaves when infused; or as a cloth fastened round breast becoming unfastened
  • thimitsa -- to quench fire; to quench thirst
  • thina -- to be tight round the waist; to hurt by compression
  • thinula -- to stretch one's self back; to straighten one's self; as in yawning; or in offering one's chest ddaringly to the knife; to stretch one's legs;...
  • thipwa -- to run aground; to be stuck in the mud
  • thithimiza -- to pack closely
  • thithimizana -- to hustle; to be crowded; to press; as in a crowd rushing at a door
  • thivula -- splash; foul water
  • thobwa -- to be struck in the eye; by grass or branch of tree by the wayside; of the sun dazzling one's eyes
  • thodwa -- to be heavily burdened
  • thokoza -- to be thankful; to express thanks for a gift...
  • thothola -- to pick off; pull out; pull out; as grey hairs here and there
  • thowa -- to put on a fomentation of leaves or cloths dipped in hot water
  • thudzuka -- to burst open
  • thudzula -- to break off; tear off a piece of meat; cloth; a little bit
  • thula -- to do harm to; wrong; hurt greatly; grieve; vex; also to take away from; to rob
  • thulula -- to pull out; lengthen
  • thumphuka -- to bob up and down in water; to bubble over like boiling water
  • thunthumila -- to shiver; shake
  • thunya -- to push; push from one; push out a boat into the stream
  • thupsya -- to drive away; as a bad and disagreeable person drives away his companions; as a hen drives away the rest in eating
  • thuthutsa -- to carry loads; to take from one place to another
  • thuvuka -- beat; splash
  • thuvula -- to hunch up
  • thuzula -- burst open
  • thwa -- to be sharp
  • thwanima -- to twinkle; to wink; for the shining of the sun or moon; it is wala; yera; ng'anima; ng'azimira; &c.
  • thyola bande -- to pave the way to; to make a new path through the bush to place [check if two words]
  • tibuka -- to be singed; to be burnt in cooking; to be pounded in mortar
  • tibula -- 1. to pound broken grain; 2. to slap; beat; 3. to fire a gun
  • tikita -- to press firmly with one's fingers; work between one's fingers and press; as the throat in a quarrel; as in pressing pus out of a wound; hold fast and tie tightly with string
  • tindiula -- to take off the hardened surface of anything; as dried nsima; to cut round in a circle
  • tininga -- to bind very tightly
  • tipula -- 1. to pull up by the roots; 2. to dig or hoe up the ground and make it open and soft; break up ground
  • titimila -- from Yao; to sink
  • tiwa -- to plait; tobacco string; Yao and Nyanja
  • tiwaza -- to make a hollow; as a wheel mark or footprint in a soft road; to notch; to indent
  • tiwula -- to dig deep
  • tokosa -- to poke; poke into; pick; dip; to poke out; pick the teeth
  • tola -- to pick up; lift up; meet; find
  • tombosola -- to unwind; unfold; unravel
  • tomela -- to betroth; bespeak
  • toNG'ola -- 1. to knuckle off or break off the corns of maize from the maize head; 2. of the eyes; to cause them to glare or protrude
  • tonola -- to knuckle off the grains of maize corn; also to open one's eye
  • tonongola -- to gin cotton by hand
  • tontha -- to drop
  • tonthola -- to be quiet; silent; of pain; to cease; to be still
  • tonthoza -- to quieten
  • tonya -- to poke
  • tonza -- to upbraid
  • topa -- to be tired; weary; be tired of
  • topola -- kutopola mtsitsi wa mbatatao; to pull the roots out of the earth
  • tosa -- to poke
  • towila -- to have intercourse (of both sexes)
  • tsagana -- to accompany
  • tsakama -- to stick fast; in going through; stick in the mouth of anything; in a doorway; in the fork of a tree
  • tsakamula -- to draw down from; cause to fall down from; draw out anything sticking in
  • tsakata -- to scoop up; divide out a little; from a heap of ufa; flour; salt; &c.; as tapa
  • tsala -- to remain; stay; stay behind
  • tsalima -- to kick; as in death-throes; also to kick in one's sleep; spasmodic jerk of either arms or legs; hence also to kick with one's foot
  • tsamila -- 1. synonyms- pakama; phata; tsinda; tsakama. chitsakano; a grinder; has the same derivation; holding fast between.; 2. to lean upon; 3. to melt or smelt iron
  • tsamila -- to lean against; lean upon; lean one's head upon a pillow
  • tsamilila; -- to lean one against the other
  • tsamwa -- to be choked
  • tsangalala -- to rejoice
  • tsangalitsa -- to keep awake
  • tsangula -- rather tsangalitsa; to keep a person awake
  • tsangula -- to rub or wipe off
  • tsantsantha -- to chop; as the bones of meat
  • tsanula -- to pour
  • tsanyula -- to pour; to pour off water; or other liquid; to pour into; also of rain 'pouring' down; or people 'pouring' in
  • tsanza -- to imitate; copy; also to equal; copy in speaking; acting; be like in features or character; as danza
  • tsata -- to follow; to follow after; to seek
  • tsatiza -- to make like; follow the style of
  • tsatsa -- to go to barter or exchange; to sell to; cry one's wares
  • tseguka -- to be open
  • tsegula -- to open
  • tseka -- to 'brow-beat'
  • tseka -- to shut
  • tsekeleza -- to finish off; arrive at the end of; shut in; intercept; reach as far as; in cloth-weaving; to finish off the fringe
  • tseketa -- to cut; cut off; cut to size; as linganiza
  • tselekweteka -- to have no sense; as a fowl; which eats its own eggs
  • tselenga -- to wind or wrap round
  • tsendela -- to beat or pack close; to press into a bag; of the heart; to be oppressed; to breathe with difficulty; to pant; as a person dying; inweaving; to beat the strands close
  • tsenjela -- to pass round to the other side of; say of the house; of a tree; pass behind anything which obstructs the view; whether or not intentionally.
  • tsenjila -- to disappear; be out of sight [S&H = sharpen two knives together; or a knife on a stone]
  • tsenseneza -- to shove; push along; as a basket pushed from one side to the other
  • tseteka -- to cut
  • tsetekula -- to cut off; cut through the middle
  • tseteza -- cut smooth
  • tsetsula -- to graze off; skin off; as with a bullet; in adzing...
  • tsika -- to descend
  • tsikisila -- to move about so as to sit comfortably on the ground or on a chair.
  • tsila -- to pour
  • tsilika -- to guard with medicine; fence with medicine
  • tsilikula -- to take up the medicine thus put down
  • tsiliza -- to finish
  • tsiluka -- to be mad; or foolish; insane
  • tsimikiza -- to make sure; to strengthen; to confirm; to second; support; to ratify; to uphold; to sustain a decision; to witness another's testimony.
  • tsimphina -- to limp
  • tsina -- to pinch
  • tsinkha -- to eat up the relish by itself; leaving the nsima; as a person does who is not hungry
  • tsinkha -- to think
  • tsipa -- to sip; suck through a reed; suck marrow out of a bone
  • tsita -- to come between; intercept; keep from; to 'cut in' in front of another so as to prevent him seeing or getting the good of a fire
  • tsitika -- to shade; protect; shelter by coming between
  • tsitikiza -- to place or set well; aim well at; be flat; straight
  • tsitsa -- to cause to descend; lower; bring down; take down
  • tsitsa -- to lower
  • tsitsitiza -- to wipe off anything; as tears from eyes; or as dirt from the body; also to rub over as covering the skin with oil; to smudge
  • tsogola -- to lead; go before
  • tsogoza -- to put before; to make one walk on in front; also to cause to lead
  • tsokomola -- to cough
  • tsomeka -- to push in anything pointed - e.g.; a head of maize into a basket; they are all set in points downwards; to stick in or on
  • tsomphola -- to snatch away; snatch out of one's hands and steal
  • tsonya -- to show despite; by making a sound with the side of one's mouth; also expressive of strong dissent; contempt
  • tsopa -- to drive a spear into water to kill fish
  • tsopa -- to suck; make a noise in sucking a bonem or the finger; to kiss;...
  • tsopana -- to salute with a kiss; long ago they used to salute on the hand or on the cheek with a kiss; even before the Azungu came into the country; but on the lips only during the act of coitus
  • tsopela -- plunge for fish; load a gun
  • tsopoka -- to break off; as a hook from a fish
  • tsotsa -- remain; cease for a time; stay for a day; or for a few days
  • tsotsola -- 1. to break off a fragment; knock off sparks; or bits of a log of firewood; strike fire into the pan of a gun; 2. to get well and strong
  • tsuka -- 1. to wash; 2. to be troublesome; 3. of a garden that yields little grain
  • tsukuluza -- to rinse out
  • tsulukuta -- to rub off; to wash off; rub in washing
  • tsulukutana -- to rub each others backs when bathing
  • tsunduliza -- to push hard against an obstacle; to compel a person to do anything against one's will
  • tsungudika -- to be taciturn
  • tsungula -- to be sleek and well; to cast the hair; of a goat; to show the new coat of hair
  • tsutsa -- to contradict; rebuke; to oppose or defeat; as in a mlandu case before the chief
  • tsutsula -- to hurt afresh
  • tswanya -- to break; crash; crush
  • tswatswatika -- to break; crumble; crackle
  • tswita -- to pass flatus
  • tugumuka -- to expand
  • tukana -- to swear; use foul language
  • tukula -- 1. to lift up; raise up...; 2. to raise; beat; as a pulse
  • tukulila -- to be angry; to be in a rage
  • tukulula -- to carry off with or upon one's body; as a person or dog making his way through grass and knocking off the dew upon the person
  • tukulula -- to shift with the foot; to pull off anything that is twisted; as a climber from a wall
  • tukuma -- to burn; be hot; cooked inside
  • tukusila -- of a wound; to be healed over; but with the sore still underneath
  • tukutila -- to be hot inside; or underneath; to boil with the lid on; broil
  • tukuza -- to burst open a soil over a root which has grown large; or as a mole heaves up the soil above its run
  • tukwana -- to swear; use foul language
  • tula -- to lift down from one's head and put on the ground
  • tula -- to throb; as a boil
  • tuluka -- to go out
  • tuluka -- to go out
  • tuma -- to send
  • tumba -- to capture
  • tumbika -- to dip one's hand into water; dip luzi bark string into the water
  • tumbiza -- to bear one child too soon after the other
  • tumbula -- to cut open; a goat; a slain beast; a dead man in battle; a blister
  • tumbuluka -- to be pale; to be grey in colour
  • tumiza -- to send
  • tumpha -- to leap
  • tumphuka -- to spring back again
  • tumula -- to stretch out; draw out and break; as in plucking ndiwo; string; bark string;
  • tumula -- to swell out; puff out; belly; cheeks; enlarge a house; open out a fishing basket in making it; stuff a bag with straw; open an umbrella; beat out iron of a hoe; broaden out a knife
  • tundumuka -- to tilt up one side; to be uneven
  • tunga -- 1. to draw water; to draw any liquid; 2. to thread beads
  • tunya -- to shrug the shoulders
  • tupa -- to swell; of body; of food cooked; to be much in quantity; as of flour; water in flood
  • tuta -- to carry on one's head; as a burden; take from one place to another; carry and deposit
  • tuta -- to go and live elsewhere
  • tutuma -- to boil; also to urge
  • tuvula -- to beat the water; in bathing or in paddling
  • tuwa -- to be white; with ashes; flour; chalk; or paint; or as an unwashed skin
  • tuzula -- to protrude; as of glaring eyes
  • twika -- to pierce; stab; prick; push in a needle as in sewing; a sharp-pointed stick in stringing fish
  • tyakula -- to stir nsima porridge; beating with the spurtle
  • tyola -- to break
  • ua -- to howl; bark; as a dog; also of the wild dog
  • uka -- to rise up; rise up from lying down; hence also to rise; as smoke; grow up; to arise; as a mlandu
  • ula -- 1. to sound; as rain; or the hum of locusts; 2. to rouse up
  • uluka -- to fly; as a bird; as anything light fluttering and falling; or blown by the wind; also from this; to walk very fast (we say; 'to fly'); as tamanga; also; to walk quickly; to shoot up quickly; to grow tall
  • uluka -- to shoot up quickly; to grow tall
  • ulula -- to take away; take out
  • uma -- to be hard; dry; to be ripe; as fruits; to be difficult; as of one's hand unaccustomed to something; to be dear; as of merchandise; hard; as of one's throat parched with thirst; of hard wood; earth; t
  • umba -- to mould or fashion; mould with the hands; clay into bricks; pots; pipes; to mould tobacco
  • umbala -- to circumcise
  • umbudza -- to belabour; to beat and hurt
  • umila -- to stick fast to; to be unwilling to part with
  • umilila -- keep 'hard' at a thing; catch fast hold of; be 'hard upon' a person; to urge one's case; urge for payment; to fail to return a loan; to covet; to compel by 'keeping at' one
  • umilila -- to urge one's case; urge for payment; to fail to return a loan; to covet; to compel by 'keeping at' one
  • undana -- to coagulate; to congeal
  • undana -- to fight together; from the idea of holding
  • undidwa -- to be unsociable
  • undukula -- to taste the first fruit; to peel off; of plaster on wall; or cow dung on floor of hut
  • unga -- to heap up
  • ungatila -- to hatch
  • ungudza -- to grumble; murmur
  • ungula -- to shake or separate out of heap; roll the grain round in the chipeta basket efrom side to side; separating the bran from the flour; or one kind of seed from another
  • unguza -- to look around; look at; seek for
  • unika -- to light; to light a torch or match; to hold up a light to let one see anything
  • unikila -- shade one's eyes; to look at anything at a distance
  • unjika -- to heap up
  • usa -- 1. to drive cattle together; 2. to take shelter; from sun or rain
  • usa -- to be comforted after a period of anxiety
  • utsa -- to raise up
  • utsa -- to raise up
  • uwa -- to howl; bark; as a dog; also of the wild dog
  • uza -- to tell
  • uzila -- to blow; puff; blow as the wind; as with the mouth; blow off
  • uzilila -- to burn a hole in wood with a red-hot iron
  • vala -- clothe [check V length & semantics]
  • vala -- to clothe
  • vama -- take shelter from rain or sun; also to be many one above the other; as leaves in the foliage of a tree; as bananas hanging on their stalk; used fig. of responses in singing
  • vama -- to take shelter from rain or sun; also to be many one above the other; as leaves in the foliage of a tree; as bananas hanging on their stalk; used fig. of responses in singing
  • vandula -- to flap as wind does the thatch or leaves; to be turned up as thatch by the wind; to be stroked the wrong way as a cat's hair; to flap and wag as a dog's tail
  • vatula -- to bulge out
  • veka -- clothe
  • veka -- to clothe; give for clothing
  • vemela -- to respond
  • viika -- to steep in water [check vowel length]
  • viila -- to cook beer; the fourth day by putting the boiled grain into the malt [check vowel length]
  • vika -- to steep
  • vika -- to thatch an ant-hill
  • vikula -- to raise the eye; to turn the eyeballs and look sideways without turning round the head; sometimes from anger; sometimes from pride
  • vimvilitsa -- to roast in hot ashes
  • vimvinika -- roll on the ground; in the mud
  • vimvinika -- to roll; on the ground; in the mud
  • vina -- dance
  • vina -- to dance; to bob up and down; as a reed in the water; of a broken leg; to move backwards and forwards; flap wings in flying
  • vinduka -- to boil up as water in a fast running stream; or to bubble up as water boiling
  • vinganika -- to be confused; entangled; mixed up; to be disturbed by dreams
  • vinitsa -- causative of bvina; to cause to dance
  • vinyiza -- to gather up; bundle up
  • vivinika -- to roll about on the ground
  • vokoneza -- to talk loudly above the rest
  • vomela -- to answer; reply; extending to merely 'yes'
  • vomela -- to answer; which at first means the sort of chant or humming response kept up as a running accompaniment to a speaker in a mlandu; to answer; reply; extending to merely 'yes'
  • vomeleza -- to answer; answer in chorus; to utter response in chorus; or in a speech approve; by word of mouth or by clapping of hands; the words of the speaker
  • vomeleza -- to utter response in chorus; or in a speech approve; by word of mouth or by clapping of hands; the words of the speaker
  • vonganikila -- to get things mixed up; as things in a basket or water made dirty by having been stirred up.
  • vonganiza -- to mix up as in making a mess of a mlandu; purposely to confuse an opponent and get the mlandu finished.
  • vononga -- to spoil; to foul water
  • vuadza -- plunge into water
  • vuadza -- to plunge into water
  • vuka -- be taken off (clothing); to come off
  • vukula -- to ache; throb
  • vukula -- to ache; throb
  • vukumala -- to raise the back like a cat when meeting a dog; or a fowl which hs its feathers raised up when ill.
  • vukuta -- to blow bellows
  • vukuta -- to blow with bellows
  • vula -- to lend [check vowel length]
  • vula -- to take off clothes; to take off from one's person; one's coat; calico; &c.
  • vula -- to take off from one's person; one's coat; calico; &c.
  • vula -- to take out of water; out of a pot; &c.
  • vulala -- to be wounded or hurt; to hurt one's self
  • vulala -- to wound; to be wounded or hurt; to hurt one's self
  • vulaza -- to hurt badly
  • vulaza -- to hurt badly (caus. of vulala)
  • vulila -- to slay an animal which is with young
  • vuluza -- to pillage and destroy; to turn out everything in a house as searching for stolen property
  • vuma -- noise of dance; singing; &c. [check gloss]
  • vuma -- to be heard
  • vuma -- to consent; to assent; not so much in giving anything as to assent to what has been asked or said (cf. to be heard)
  • vumata -- keep in one's mouth
  • vumata -- to keep in one's mouth; stones under the tongue; water in one's mouth; beads; &c.
  • vumatula -- to take out of one's mouth
  • vumba -- to rain upon
  • vumba -- to rain upon; get wet with rain
  • vumbula -- to take out of
  • vumbuluka -- to appear; to rise up suddenly; as of game in the bush; to start up (and run away)
  • vumbulula -- to take out; reveal; show
  • vumbulutsa -- to bring out; reveal; startle and cause to rise up; as game in the bush
  • vumbwa -- to get wet with rain
  • vumula -- to put medicine to take out the poison of a snake-bite.
  • vumvula -- to divulge a secret; to disclose what has been kept quiet
  • vuna -- to cut off head of millet with knife; by holding the grain stalk in the left hand and cutting off the head with the knife in the right hand; by pressing the stalk with the thumb against the edge of t
  • vunda -- to be rotten; bad; of cloth; meat; &c.; to be stinking; of meat; musty; of grain; worn out; of a gun
  • vunda -- to be rotten; decay; be bad; of cloth; meat; &c.; to be stinking; of meat; musty; of grain; worn out; of a gun
  • vundichila -- to cover
  • vundika -- to ripen; mature; render slightly over-ripe; or bad
  • vundikila -- to cover; to shut with a lid
  • vundikiza -- to shut two things together
  • vundila -- kunja kulikutentha nthochizi zitibvundira; it is very hot weather; the bananas will be going bad (let us eat them).
  • vundukula -- to uncover; take off as a lid
  • vundukula -- to uncover; take off as a lid
  • vundula -- to open
  • vundulula -- reversive; or intensifying the already reversive meaning of bvundula [check semantics]
  • vundumula -- to throw off; scatter
  • vundumula -- to throw off; scatter
  • vunduza -- to pillage; plunder; as in war; or as in mischievous destruction of a garden
  • vunga -- 1. to rush (of the wind); 2. to wrap up
  • vungama -- sleep; leaning on anything; or curled up; as when one takes a nap during the day; or at night; from wnat of room not stretched out; 'cuddle up'
  • vungama -- to sleep leaning on anything; or curled up; as when one takes a nap during the day; or at night; from wnat of room not stretched out; 'cuddle up'
  • vungana -- to hang about; as the haze that hangs over the ground in the early morning
  • vungana -- to sing well together; to keep time in singing
  • vunganiza -- to disarrange; to use foul language very promiscuously; to mix up; to bluster and talk at large
  • vunya -- to gather up into a heap; string; cloth; grass; bark; anything that can be gathered up
  • vunyiza -- to bundle up; to crumple up; to roll up anything in one's loincloth for purpose of carrying it about; to seize a person and force him to the ground by squeezing
  • vunyiza -- to crumple up; to roll up anything in one's loincloth for purpose of carrying it about; to seize a person and force him to the ground by squeezing
  • vuta -- to be difficult; to trouble; perplex; as of anything difficult to make
  • vuta -- to be mealy; as potatoes baked in oven
  • vuta -- to tread down; as cattle
  • vutana -- to contend in a mlandu
  • vutikwa -- to be 'bothered;' oppressed
  • vutila -- to inflate with wind by breathing into anything as a bladder
  • vutula -- to cut up grass; to tear up
  • vutulula -- reversive or extensive of bvutula
  • vuula -- to take out of water; out of a fish-basket; &c.
  • vuulula -- reversive or extensive of vuula [check semantics]
  • vuvuta -- to tread down; grass; &c.
  • vuwaza -- to plunge something into water [check; cf. vuadza]
  • vwinya -- to rumple
  • wakha -- 1. to catch; 2. to light fire
  • wala -- to shine; of the sun ; moon; &c.
  • walama -- to stoop; bend down
  • walima -- to glitter; flash
  • wamba -- to harden or brown by the fire; also by throwing on the fire; to toast or roast; curl and make tobacco-leaves crisp by putting them to or on the fire; roasting or toasting thus; meat or fish; to 'parc
  • wanda -- to make level; lay uat; as grass; to level the grass before one in walking through long grass
  • wanditsa -- to tell a thing all round
  • wanga -- to notch; the teeth; the head of a verandah post
  • wangula -- to chip out; open out; notch out; as in enlarging a bees' hole; also in making a way through a thicket or a bango reed flat
  • waula -- to singe; scorch; burn the small feathers off a plucked fowl; the short grass round a grave when the tall grass has been mowed down; to singe or roast ground-nuts with burning grass; of the sun scorch
  • wawa -- to be hard; to be difficult; to be bitter; to ache
  • wawanya -- to rob; gather and carry off
  • wawasa -- to be sour and set the teeth on edge; to draw the mouth together with sourness; to be acid or acrid
  • wayula -- to make a rustling noise; as in the bush; among dry leaves; or in the water
  • waza -- 1. to scatter; sprinkle; scatter seed; 2. to split; to cleave
  • wedza -- to fish
  • wefuka -- to pant; to gasp
  • welama -- to stoop
  • welamula -- to lift up from a stooping posture
  • welamutsa -- ?
  • welenga -- to count
  • welenga -- to count; to read; to arrange; instruct; relate; recount
  • weluka -- to leave and go away
  • weluka -- to leave and go away; as workers at the close of the day's work
  • weluza -- to tell; instruct
  • wenda -- to creep stealthily along; steal along
  • wenga -- to bring out spots; of meat eaten by a person; which is supposed to bring spots out over the body
  • wenga -- to pare
  • wengula -- to pare off; to take out a thorn
  • weta -- to tend; to keep; as a chief his people; a shepherd his flock; a hen her brood
  • weyesa -- to fry
  • weyula -- to wave; turn to one side
  • wila -- to boil; to bubble; as water in a pot; or in a whirlpool; gas-bells in a swamp
  • wilikiza -- to double; to repeat
  • wilila -- to be rough with long grass; or of hair unshorn
  • wilima -- (to be rough); to shake one's self; as a goat when it is wet; or fowls when drenched
  • wilingula -- to make excuse for refusing to do a thing; to squabble as to who is to do a thing; to shuffle along; to evade a fair question
  • winda -- to protect with medicine
  • winuka -- to tilt over and descend; of anything thrown off its balance; as a log of wood; of people ascending a hill and going down on the other side
  • winya -- to be angry
  • wisuka -- to be conceited; to twist the face or mouth; as one does in disgust
  • wocha -- roast on the fire; burn
  • wodoka -- to be loose-limbed or losely constructed
  • wola -- take away
  • womba -- to work; mould
  • wombeza -- to cast lots
  • wombola -- redeem
  • womola -- bite out
  • wona -- to see
  • wonda -- to be lean
  • wopsya -- be dreadful
  • wotha -- to warm one's self
  • yabwa -- to itch. cause itching
  • yaka -- to be infirm
  • yala -- to spread; arrange
  • yaluka -- to be insane
  • yaluka -- to be mad; to be insane; to be in a fury [check tone and rel. to yaluka]
  • yalukula -- lift; lift off; uncover; get up one's self; lift off
  • yalukula -- to lift; uncover
  • yalula -- to fold up what has been spread out; as a mat or carpet; to take up what is laid down;
  • yalulika -- get up one's self
  • yalutsa -- to cause to fold up; to take away completely
  • yamba -- to begin
  • yambana -- to stir up a quarrel
  • yambila -- begin together
  • yambilila -- to forewarn; also to commence again; as a disease or a mlandu
  • yambiza -- cause to begin
  • yambuka -- to ford
  • yamika -- to thank; praise
  • yamuka -- to rebuke; prob.
  • yamulula -- to rebuke; prob.
  • yamwa -- to suck
  • yanda -- do; set about; begin; do it at once; used almost as an auxiliary verb
  • yanda -- spread above; floating upon the water; as grass in a flood
  • yandama -- to float
  • yandamula -- to raise up and help to float
  • yanga -- to spread above; on
  • yangala -- to dance by one's self
  • yangalala -- to be spread out
  • yaNG'ana -- to see; look at; look after
  • yaNG'anila -- show; give a glimpse of
  • yaNG'anila -- to superintend; to look after
  • yangata -- to hold in one's arms
  • yangatiza -- to keep together anything about to fall or part asunder
  • yangatula -- to put down what one holds
  • yangayanga -- to grow straggling over anything; as a creeper does; to cover up with many cords; as a load is covered
  • yanika -- to spread to dry
  • yanja -- to spread over
  • yankha -- to answer
  • yankhatiza -- to tie lightly
  • yasama -- to gape; yawn
  • yatsa -- to light; kindle
  • yela -- to be deep
  • yela -- to be white; light
  • yelekedwa -- to 'show off'
  • yelekeza -- to make like
  • yenda -- to go; walk; move; flow
  • yenela -- fit; to be fit; ought; to be fitting; to match; to be fit for; to suit; to be good for
  • yeneza -- to fit
  • yenga -- to boil; make oil
  • yesa -- to try; to measure; to do; to make; to tempt; to make into; make 'do duty for;' to call or name
  • yeseza -- to mimic
  • yetima -- to shine; gleam
  • yetsemula -- to sneeze
  • yezimila -- to shine
  • yika -- put; place; bury; of plants which fruit under the ground; to 'lay' of hens
  • yima -- stand
  • yimba -- sing
  • yipa -- be bad
  • yitana -- call
  • yiwala -- forget
  • yoyola -- to strew; cause to fall; and be scattered on the ground; or in beating grain into a basket
  • zala -- to fill
  • zaza -- to be wild; fierce; brave
  • zazamila -- to be cramped; of muscles
  • zazila -- to domineer
  • zemba -- to disappear; avoid by getting out of sight
  • zembela -- hide one's hand in passing something
  • zendewela -- swing over; as a child catching hold of one's neck; or a baboon catching hold of the branches of a tree and swinging over
  • zenenga -- to wind round; wrap round
  • zenga -- to state a case or charge
  • zenga -- to tie or fasten round; to bind round
  • zengeleza -- to linger; loiter; be too late
  • zia -- to be indistinct; dim; faint [check ziya]
  • zidzimuka -- to startle
  • zika -- to stab; pierce; put a post into a hole made for it; of roots; to pierce the ground
  • zikizila -- to pierce to what is underneath
  • zila -- to smooth by smearing with the hand; mud; clay; &c.; on a floor or wall
  • zilala -- to be quenched; partly quenched; of fire dying out
  • zima -- to quench; also to be quenched; hence to be puzzled; to die; to lose; be lost
  • zimbaitsa -- to disguise; to 'put off' a person by avoiding a subject on which the person wishes or meant to speak; to suppress; retain without disclosure
  • zinda -- to avoid
  • zindikila -- to know; recognise
  • zinga -- to surround
  • zingwa -- to be poor; to be foolish
  • ziwa -- to know [check dz/z]
  • ziya -- to be wearied out with hunger or heavy load
  • zizila -- 1. to be cold; 2. lack savour; be insipid; 3. to be loose-limbed; soft; feeble; 4. to be calm
  • zizwa -- to be astonished
  • zola -- to rub
  • zolika -- to turn upside down; to bend down the head in a stooping posture; to stand on head; to go straight down; to hang head downwards
  • zolitsa -- to turn upside down; as in trying to get something out of a vessel into which it has fallen
  • zolowela -- to be accustomed to; be tame; of animals
  • zomoka -- to break out in holes
  • zomola -- to maul; as a wild animal; to bite and take out a piece of flesh; as a dog
  • zonda -- to spy; see
  • zondoka -- to turn upside down
  • zonga -- to cut meat round into long strips
  • zowelela -- be accustomed
  • zoza -- anoint
  • zuka -- 1. to come up fro beneath; 2. to rise up; be taken out of
  • zula -- 1. to pull up by the roots; pull up grass; trees; 2. to pluck a fowl; take up by the roots
  • zuna -- to be sweet
  • zungulila -- to go round about
  • zungunyula -- to sprain
  • zunguza -- to whirl round; hence to perplex
  • zunza -- to afflict; be cruel to; annoy; tease
  • zunzika -- be afflicted
  • zweta -- to wheel round
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