Verbs

Six Classes

Germanic strong verbs form the tenses by using a vowel shift called 'ablaut' in the root of the verb. Based on different vowel shifts, strong verbs were grouped in 6 categories. Additional category is used for reduplicated verbs. Thus, there are 6+1 groups.

Group I

 Old EnglishOld SwedishModern SwedishModern Faroese
 ī - ā - i - īī - ē - i - īi - e - e - ií - ei - i - i
Infinitivebītanbītabitabíta
Past, Sg.3bātbētbetbeit
Past, Pl.1bitonbitumbetbitu
Past participlegebītenbītinbititbitið

Group II

 Old EnglishOld SwedishModern SwedishModern Faroese
 ēo - ēa - u - oiū - ø - u - uju - (j)ö - (j)ö - (j)ujó - ey - u - o
Infinitivebēodanbþabjudabða
Past, Sg.3bēadbøþbdbeyð
Past, Pl.1budonbuþumbdbuðu
Past participlegebodenbuþinbjuditboðið

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