Fact corner

  • Language: ‡Hua
  • Alternate names: ‡Hoa, ‡Hoã, ‡Hoan, ‡Hua-Owani, |Hû, |Hua
  • SIL-code: Ethnologue:huc
  • Language family: Khoisan, Southern Africa, Southern, Hua
  • Number of speakers: 200
  • Script: Latin script


‡Hua is a Khoisan language spoken in southeastern Botswana, just south of the Khutse game reserve (around Tswaane, Dutlwe, Tsia, Salajwe and Khudumelapye). The closely related language Sasi? is spoken in Botswana around Lethajwe and Artesia (south of Shoshong). Sasi and Hua are mutually intelligible.

Like southern Khoisan languages, Hua has a bilabial click (noted @). It also has four level tones and one rising contour tone.

The Hua Verb

Hua has a progressive and perfect aspect, a past tense and a future tense. Negation precedes the tense and aspect markers.


I didn't do it

External Links

Selected Bibliography

  • Collins, Chris. 1998. Plurality in =Hoan. Khoisan Forum, Working Paper 9.
  • Gruber, Jeffrey S. 1973. Kinship Terms. Linguistic Inquiry 4: 427-449.
  • Gruber, Jeffrey S. 1975a. Plural Predicates in =Hòã. In Bushman and Hottentot Linguistic Studies, A.S.I. Communication 2, ed. Anthony Traill, 1-50. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg: African Studies Institute.
  • Gruber, Jeffrey S. 1975b. Busman Languages of the Kalahari: =Hòã - Vocabulary -Stems, =Hòã - Vocabulary - Recorded Utterances. Technical Project Report to the �National Endowment for the Humanities, Washington, D.C.
  • Gruber, Jeffrey S. 1975c. Collected Field Notes.
  • Traill, Anthony. 1973a. N4 or S7: Another Bushman Language. African Studies 32: 25-32.
  • Traill, Anthony. 1973b. Westphal on "N4 or S7?": A Reply. African Studies 33: 249-255.
  • Traill, Anthony. 1979. Phonetic Diversity in the Khoisan Languages. In Bushman and Hottentot Linguistic Studies, ed. J.W. Snyman, 167-189. University of South Africa, Pretoria.
Categories: Khoisan | Latin script | Language

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